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    Wharton gives a different opinion.
  1. ‘Vita S. Ethelberti’ (Opp. iii. Brewer).
  2. ‘De rebus a se gestis’ (Wharton, ii. 457; Opp. i. Brewer). The third book of this is but a fragment of the whole, containing only nineteen out of 236 chapters, of which the titles are preserved.
  3. ‘Epistola ad Stephanum Langton’ (Wharton, ii. 435; Opp. i. Brewer).
  4. ‘De Giraldo Archidiacono Menevensi’ (Opp. i. Brewer).
  5. ‘De libris a se scriptis’ (Wharton, ii. 439; Opp. i. Brewer).
  6. ‘Catalogus brevior librorum’ (Wharton, ii. 445; Opp. i. Brewer).
  7. ‘Retractationes’ (Wharton, ii. 455; Opp. i. Brewer).
  8. ‘De jure et statu Menevensis ecclesiæ’ (Wharton, ii. 514; Opp. iii. Brewer).
  9. ‘De instructione principum,’ in three parts (the last two edited by Brewer for the Anglia Christiana Society, 1846).

[Giraldus, De rebus a se gestis and De jure Menevensis ecclesiæ; Chronology of his life in Wharton's Anglia Sacra, ii. 374; Wharton's preface, ii. xx; Life of Giraldus Cambrensis prefixed by Sir R. C. Hoare to his translation of the Itinerarium Cambriæ, London, 1806; Brewer's preface to vol. i. of his edition of the works, to which the present writer is greatly indebted.]

H. R. L.

GIRARDUS Cornubiensis (fl. 1350?) was author of two works:

  1. ‘De gestis Britonum,’ and
  2. ‘De gestis Regum West-Saxonum,’ our knowledge of which is chiefly due to citations in the ‘Liber de Hyda,’ and in Rudborne's ‘Chronicle’ (in Wharton, Anglia Sacra, i.)

The former chronicle gives the ‘De gestis Regum West-Saxonum,’ chaps. x. xi. and xiv. as a source for the history of Alfred and his daughter Æthelflaed, and bk. v. c. x. of the same work as the authority for ascribing to Edward the elder the restoration of the public schools at Cambridge. Rudborne quotes bk. iii. chap. vi. of the same work for the history of Cynegils of Wessex, and also twice refers to the ‘De gestis Britonum’ for details in the early history of the church of Winchester. Besides these the ‘Liber de Hyda’ gives an extract on the war between Guy of Warwick and Colbrand, which is said to be chap. xi. of the ‘De gestis Regum West-Saxonum;’ the same extract with the same reference exists at the end of a manuscript of Higden's ‘Polychronicon’ (Magdalen College, Oxford, 147), and was printed by Hearne as an appendix to the ‘Annals of Dunstable,’ ii. 825–30. Lydgate, in his unprinted poem on Guy of Warwick, says that he had translated it ‘out of the Latyn … of Girard Cornubyence’ (Bodl. MS. Laud Misc. 683, f. 77 b). Girard, as his name shows, was probably a native of Cornwall, but since he is thus quoted only in chronicles written in Hampshire, we may perhaps conclude that he was resident at some monastery in the latter county; and also as the ‘Liber de Hyda,’ Rudborne, and Lydgate all date from the earlier half of the fifteenth century, we may possibly argue that Girard lived not long before. We do not, however, know anything for certain, and Girard has often been confused with Giraldus Cambrensis [q. v.] Sir T. D. Hardy gives his supposed date as the time of King John; but the reference to Cambridge makes it unlikely that Girard lived at that period.

[Courtney and Boase's Bibliotheca Cornub. vol. i.; Hardy's Cat. of Brit. Hist. iii. 50; Liber de Hyda, pp. 62, 111, 118–23 in Rolls Ser.; Wharton's Anglia Sacra, i. 180, 186, 189.]

C. L. K.

GIRAUD, HERBERT JOHN (1817–1888), physician, chemist, and botanist, second son and youngest child of John Thomas Giraud (1764–1836), a surgeon at Faversham, Kent (mayor in 1814), by Mary, daughter of William Chapman of Badlesmere Court, Kent, was born at Faversham on 14 April 1817. His grandfather, Francis Frederick Giraud (1726–1811), was born of Waldensian protestant refugee parents at Pinache in Würtemberg in 1726, and was brought to England by his uncle, the Rev. William Henry Giraud, vicar of Graveney, Kent, in 1736, entered at All Souls, Oxford, in 1744, was ordained in 1749, and was from 1762 to 1808 head-master of the Faversham grammar school. Herbert John Giraud was educated at the university of Edinburgh, where he graduated M.D. with honours in 1840. Entering the medical service of the East India Company in 1842, he became successively professor of chemistry and botany (in 1845) and principal of the Grant Medical College, Bombay; he was also chief medical officer of Sir Jamsetjee Jeejeebhoy's Hospital, chemical analyst to the Bombay government, surgeon-major and deputy-inspector-general of the Bombay army medical service, and dean of the faculty of medicine in Bombay University (1863). He died 12 Jan. 1888 at Shanklin, Isle of Wight, where he had lived since his retirement in 1867. He married in 1842 Christina, daughter of Dr. David Shaw of the Bombay medical service, by whom he had two daughters, the elder of whom married Major-general Harpur of the Bombay staff corps. A list of ten botanical and chemical papers by Giraud is given in the Royal Society's ‘Catalogue of Scientific Papers,’ vol. ii. The most valuable of the botanical papers is on the embryo of Tropæolum, ‘Linnean Transactions,’ xix. 161. Several of the chemical papers relate to toxicology in India. Giraud was often consulted as an