Open main menu

Page:Dictionary of National Biography volume 21.djvu/415

This page has been proofread, but needs to be validated.

other inventions. A passage at p. 189 is quoted by G. H. Lewes to show that Glanvill anticipated Hume's theory of causation. 2. ‘Lux Orientalis’ (a defence of More's doctrine of ‘Præexistence of Souls;’ it was reprinted in 1682 with George Rust's [q. v.] ‘Discourse of Truth,’ in ‘two short and useful treatises,’ with annotations [by Henry More]), 1662. 3. ‘Scepsis Scientifica,’ 1665 (the ‘Vanity of Dogmatizing’ recast, the gipsy and other passages omitted, reprinted in 1885 with preface by the Rev. John Owen). With the ‘Scepsis’ appeared 4. ‘Reply to the exceptions of Thomas Albius; or scire/i tuum nihil est’ (Albius or Thomas White [q. v.] had replied to the ‘Vanity of Dogmatizing’ in a treatise called ‘Sciri, sive sceptices et scepticorum à jure disputationis exclusio,’ 1663), defending the scholastic philosophy, 1665, and 5. ‘Letter to a friend concerning Aristotle’ (this and the last with the ‘Scepsis’). 6. ‘Philosophical considerations touching Witches and Witchcraft,’ 1666; most of the impressions having been destroyed in the fire, this was reissued in 1667. The fourth edition (1668) is entitled ‘A Blow at modern Sadducism, in some philosophical considerations about Witchcraft,’ &c. With it appeared 7. ‘An Account of the famed disturbance by the drummer at the house of Mr. Mompesson,’ and 8. ‘A Whip for the Droll; Fidler for the Atheist,’ a letter to H. More occasioned by the drummer of Tedworth. The ‘Sadducismus Triumphatus,’ 1681, is a reprint of the ‘Blow,’ with a translation from More's ‘Enchiridion Metaphysicum’ and a ‘Collection of Relations.’ The third edition (of 1689) includes also the ‘Whip for the Droll.’ 9. ‘Plus Ultra, or the Progress and Advancement of Knowledge since the days of Aristotle,’ 1668 (presented to the Royal Society 18 June 1668). This book was partly the result of an interview with Robert Crosse [q. v.], who had got the best of an argument about Aristotle, Glanvill being unprepared. Crosse retorted in privately circulated ballads and letters. 10. Sermons in 1667, 1669, 1670. 11. ‘The Way of Happiness, or its Difficulties and Encouragements,’ 1670 (also, as a ‘Discourse concerning Difficulties,’ &c.). 12. ‘ΛOΓOΥ ΘΡHΣKEIA, or a Seasonable Recommendation and Defence of Reason in affairs of Religion against Infidelity,’ &c., 1670 (a ‘statement of fundamentals’ resembling that of Herbert of Cherbury). 13. ‘Philosophia Pia; a Discourse of the Religious Temper of the Experimental Philosophy professed by the Royal Society,’ 1671. 14. ‘A Prefatory Answer to Mr. Henry Stubbe … in his animadversions on “Plus Ultra”’ (Henry Stubbe [q. v.] had attacked Glanvill in ‘Legends no Histories, or Specimens of Animadversions on the History of the Royal Society’); the second part, also separately, being called the ‘Plus Ultra reduced to a non plus,’ 1670. He replied to the ‘Prefatory Answer’ in two prefaces to Ecebolius Glanvil, in a tract upon ‘Lord Bacon's relation of the Sweating Sickness,’ and a ‘reply to a letter of Dr. Henry More,’ both in 1671. 15. ‘A further discovery of Mr. Henry Stubbe,’ 1671 (at the end is ‘Ad clerum Somersetensem προσφώνησις’). 16. ‘An Earnest Invitation to the Lord's Supper,’ 1673, 1674; 10th edit. 1720. 17. ‘Seasonable Reflections’ (four sermons). 18. ‘Essays on several Important Subjects,’ 1676 (seven essays, of which the first six are restatements of his previous arguments. The best and most remarkable is an essay on ‘Anti-fanatical Religion and Free Philosophy,’ in continuation of Bacon's ‘New Atlantis.’ James Crossley [q. v.] had a manuscript entitled ‘Bensalem,’ from which he says that this is an extract, Worthington, Diaries, i. 300). 19. ‘An Essay concerning Preaching’ (with ‘A Seasonable Defence of Preaching’), 1678. 20. ‘Some Discourses, Sermons and Remains,’ with portrait and preface by A. Horneck, 1681. 21. ‘The Zealous and Impartial Protestant,’ 1681. Glanvill contributed some notices of Bath to the ‘Transactions of the Royal Society’ (Nos. 28, 39, 49), and has a poem in the ‘Letters and Poems in honour of … the Duchess of Newcastle,’ 1676.

[Wood's Athenæ (Bliss), iii. 1244; Life prefixed to fourth edition of Sadducismus Triumphatus, 1726; Prince's Worthies of Devon, 1810, p. 431; Glanville Richards's Records of the Anglo-Norman House of Glanville, pp. 76–80, 162; Birch's Royal Society, ii. 297; Biographia Brit.; Worthington's Diaries (Chetham Soc.), i. 214, 299, 300; Boase's Register of Exeter Coll., xxxi, lxxii; Boyle's Works, 1744, v. 627–9 (five letters from Glanvill). For criticisms of Glanvill's Works, see Hallam's Literature of Europe, iii. 358–62; Retrospective Review, 1853, i. 105–18; Pyrrhonism of Joseph Glanvill (article by W. Barnes, the Dorsetshire poet); Lecky's Rationalism in Europe, i. 120–8; Tulloch's Rational Theology, ii. 443–55; Preface to John Owen's edition of the Scepsis Scientifica, 1885; G. C. Robertson's Hobbes, p. 217; Rémusat's Philos. Angl. 1875, ii. 184–201.]

L. S.

GLANVILLE, BARTHOLOMEW de (fl. 1230–1250), is the name erroneously given to Bartholomew Anglicus or the Englishman. Leland, without citing any authority, called him De Glanville. Bale copied Leland in 1557, and added a list of writings wrongly attributed to Bartholomew. J. A. Fabricius