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Macaulay's Hist. of England; Haig and Brunton's College of Justice, pp. 451-61; Douglas's Scottish Peerage (Wood), ii. 179-82.]|[Marchmont Papers, ed. Sir G. H. Rose, 3 vols. 1831; Crawfurd's Officers of State, pp. 240-6, founded on personal knowledge and information communicated by Marchmont; Lady Murray's Memoirs of George Baillie and Lady Grisell Baillie, 1824; Rose's Observations on Fox's History; Wodrow's Sufferings of the Church of Scotland; Lockhart Papers; Carstares' State Papers; Macky 's Secret Memoirs; Law's Memorials; Lander of Fountainhall's Historical Notices and Historical Observes (Bannatyne Club); Macaulay's Hist. of England; Haig and Brunton's College of Justice, pp. 451-61; Douglas's Scottish Peerage (Wood), ii. 179-82.]}

T. F. H.

HUME, THOMAS, M.D. (1769?–1850), physician, born in Dublin about 1769, was the son of Gustavus Hume [q. v.], surgeon of that city (Foster, Alumni Oxon. 1715-1886, ii. 713). He was educated at Trinity College, Dublin, where he graduated B.A. in 1792, M.B. in 1796, and M.D. on 19 July 1803. On 6 July 1804 he was incorporated M.D. at Oxford as a member of University College (ib.) He was admitted a candidate of the College of Physicians on 25 June 1807, a fellow on 25 June 1808, was censor in 1814, 1821, 1831, and 1832, and was declared an elect on 18 Jan. 1832. In 1808 he sailed for Portugal as physician to the army under Wellesley, but returned to England during the following year, and became physician to the Westminster Hospital. Resigning this office in 1811, he went back to the Peninsula. Shortly afterwards he received from the commander-in-chief the appointment of physician to the London district, which he held until the establishment was broken up by the peace of 1815. He died at Hanwell on 21 Oct. 1850, aged 81, and ‘was buried in the family vault of his wife, the last descendant of the mathematician, Dr. John Wallis’ (Gent. Mag. 1850, pt. ii. 676; Notes and Queries, 6th ser.x. 346).

[Munk's Coll. of Phys. 1878, iii. 63-4; Dublin Graduates, 1591-1868, p. 287.]

G. G.

HUME, TOBIAS (d. 1645), soldier and musician, was a soldier of fortune, and spent much of his life in the service of Sweden. In 1605 he published ‘The First Part of Ayres, French, Pollish, and others,’ with a dedication to William Herbert, third earl of Pembroke, in which he says, ‘My life hath been a soldier and my idleness addicted to music.’ His favourite instrument seems to have been the viol-da-gamba. In 1607 he published ‘Captain Hume's Musicall Humors,’ dedicated to Anne of Denmark, which contains curious attempts at programme-music. The British Museum possesses a copy of this work, with an autograph inscription praying the queen ‘to heare this musick by mee; hauinge excellent instruments to performe itt,’ and both this and the former work are described by Dr. Rimbault (Bibliotheca Madrigaliana, London, 1847, pp. 21, 25. In the Record Office (Cal. State Papers, Dom. Chas. I. vol. clxxix. No. 7) is an undated petition from Hume, asking leave for himself and 120 men to proceed to Mickle Bury (? Mecklenburg) land, whither he had been sent by the king of Sweden. He states that he had served in many foreign countries. At Christmas 1629 he entered Charterhouse as a poor brother. His mind seems to have given way, for in July 1642 he published a rambling ‘True Petition of Colonel Hume’ to parliament offering either to defeat the rebels in Ireland with a hundred ‘instruments of war,’ or, if furnished with a complete navy, to bring the king within three months twenty millions of money. He styles himself ‘colonel,’ but the rank was probably of his own invention, for in the entry of his death, which took place at Charterhouse on Wednesday, 16 April 1645, he is still called Captain Hume.

[Hume's works; State Papers quoted above; Register of Charterhouse, communicated by the Rev. the Master; Notes and Queries, 2nd ser. vii. 369; Brit. Mus. Addit.MS. 24489 (Hunter's Chorus Vatum).]

W. B. S.

HUMFREY, JOHN (1621–1719), ejected minister, was born at St. Albans, Hertfordshire, in January 1621 (see title-page of his Free Thoughts, 1710). In Lent term 1638 he entered Pembroke College, Oxford, and graduated B.A. on 18 Nov. 1641. He had left Oxford and was ‘in the parliament quarters,’ but returned to it when occupied by the king (1642); he again left it on its surrender to Fairfax (20 June 1646), and obtained employment (probably a chaplaincy) in Devonshire. On 13 July 1647 he graduated M.A. He was ‘ordain'd by a classis of presbyters in 1649;’ he gives as his reason that he was ‘in the country, and not acquainted with any bishop;’ he never took the covenant, nor joined any presbyterial association. He obtained the vicarage of Frome Selwood, Somersetshire. It was his practice to admit to the Lord's Supper without examination; this he defended in his first publication. Of his adhesion to the monarchy he made no secret. Shortly before the Restoration, a warrant was out against him for preaching in favour of the king's return.

Soon after the Restoration, William Pierce, bishop of Bath and Wells, invited Humfrey, in accordance with Charles II's declaration, to assist at an ordination. Humfrey told his bishop ‘he had only been ordain'd by presbyters’ and thought it sufficient. Pierce urged him to be reordained. He had two days to consider, and complied, stipulating for ‘some little variation in the words used,’ and for exemption from subscription. Becoming uneasy, he prepared a publication to show ‘how a minister ordain'd by the presbytery may take ordination also by the bishop.’ Wilkins, afterwards bishop of Chester, saw the work in manuscript and approved it. Edward Worth, afterwards bishop of Killaloe, told Humfrey that its publication (1661)