Page:Dictionary of National Biography volume 28.djvu/349

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[Life by R. Spearman, appended to Flloyd's Bibliotheca Biographica, 1760, and prefixed to supplementary volume of Works; Nichols's Lit. Anecd. i. 421, 422, iii. 54; L. Stephen's English Thought in the 18th Century, i.389-91.]

L. S.

HUTCHINSON, JOHN HELY (1724–1794), lawyer and statesman. [See Hely-Hutchinson.]

HUTCHINSON, LUCY (b. 1620), author. [See under Hutchinson, John, 1615–1664.]

HUTCHINSON or HUCHENSON, RALPH (1553?–1606), president of St. John's College, Oxford, younger son of John Hutchinson of London, was educated at Merchant Taylors' School and St. John's College, Oxford, where he was apppointed to a fellowship by Joanna, widow of the founder, Sir Thomas White, in 1570. He graduated B.A. in 1574-5, and proceeded M.A. in 1578. He took holy orders, and was vicar of Cropthorne, Worcestershire, and Charlbury, Oxfordshire. He was elected president of his college on 9 June 1590; graduated B.D. 6 Nov. 1596, and D.D. in 1602; was appointed one of the translators of the New Testament in June 1604, and died on 16 Jan. 1605-6. He was buried in the college chapel, where his widow, Mary, placed his effigy in stone with an epitaph, from which it appears that he had enlarged the college. He had a son, Robert Gentilis, named apparently after Alberico Gentili [q.v.] (Wood, Athen. Oxon., ed. Bliss, ii. 92).

[Robinson's Merchant Taylors' School Register; Clode's Mem. Merchant Taylors' Company, p. 593; Reg. Univ. Oxford, vol. ii. pt. iii. p. 42; Wood's Hist. and Antiq. Univ. Oxford, ed. Gutch. vol. ii. pt. ii. p. 924n., iii. 544, 560, 567; Nash's Worcestershire, i. 275; Burnet's Reformation, vol. ii. pt. ii. p. 513; Anderson's Annals of the English Bible, ii. 576.]

J. M. R.

HUTCHINSON, RICHARD HELY, first Earl of Donoughmore (1756–1825). [See Hely-Hutchinson.]

HUTCHINSON, ROGER (d. 1555), divine, son of William Hutchinson, was probably a north-country man, though he is sometimes stated to have been a native of Hertfordshire. He was educated at St. John's College, Cambridge, proceeded B.A. in 1540-1, was elected fellow in 1542-3, commenced M.A. in 1544, and was chosen senior fellow on 28 March 1547. In October 1547 he and Thomas Lever maintained a disputation in the college against the mass. He was one of the divines who vainly endeavoured to convince Joan Bocher ('Joan of Kent') [q.v.] of the error of her opinions. In 1550 he was appointed fellow of Eton College, but was deprived in the reign of Queen Mary for being married. He died about May 1555, his will, dated 23 May, being proved on 18 June in that year. Therein he mentions his wife Agnes, and his children Thomas, Anne, and Elizabeth; also his leases of St. Helen's and the advowson of Rickmansworth, Hertfordshire. Hutchinson is represented as a learned and acute divine, of austere life but passionate temper. He was author of: 1. 'The Image of God, or laie mãs booke, in whyche the ryghte knowledge of God is disclosed, and divers doutes besydes the principall matter. Newly made out of holi writ bi R. h.,' 8vo, London, 1550; other editions in 1560 and 1580. 2. 'A faithful Declaration of Christes Holy Supper, comprehēded in thre Sermōs, preached at Eaton Colledge … 1552,' 8vo, London, 1560; another edition in 1573. 3. Two sermons on oppression, affliction, and patience. His works were edited for the Parker Society by John Bruce, F.S.A., 8vo, Cambridge, 1842.

[Memoir by Bruce prefixed to Parker Soc.'s edition of his works; Cooper's Athenæ Cantabr. i. 126, 546.]

G. G.

HUTCHINSON, THOMAS (1698–1769), scholar, son of Peter Hutchinson of Cornforth, in the parish of Bishops Middleham, Durham, was baptised there on 17 May 1698 (parish register). He matriculated at Lincoln College, Oxford, on 28 March 1715, and graduated B.A. 1718, M.A. 1721, B.D. (from Hart Hall) 1733, and D.D. 1738. In 1731 he was appointed rector of Lyndon, Rutland, having acquired some reputation as a scholar by the publication of an edition of Xenophon's 'Cyropædia' (1727). The Archbishop of Canterbury, Thomas Herring [q. v.], presented him to the vicarage of Horsham, Sussex, in 1748, and he held also the rectory of Cocking in the same county, and a prebendal stall in Chichester Cathedral. He published several sermons and an essay upon demoniacal possession, which attracted considerable notice. Dying at Horsham, he was there buried on 7 Feb. 1769. He edited Xenophon's 'Cyropaedia,' London, 1727, and his 'Anabasis,' London, 1735, each of which passed later through numerous editions, and wrote 'The usual Interpretation of δαίμονες and δαιμονία,' London, 1738, besides separately published sermons, dated in 1739, 1740, and 1746.

[Foster's Alumni Oxon.; Nichols's Lit. Anecd. viii. 467, &c.; Brit. Mus. Cat.]

C. J. R.

HUTCHINSON, THOMAS (1711–1780), governor of Massachusetts Bay, born at Boston, Massachusetts, 9 Sept. 1711, was a descendant of Anne Hutchinson [q.v.], and the son of Thomas Hutchinson, merchant. He