He was then appointed to the Scipio guardship in the Medway. In 1788-9 he commanded the Adventure on the coast of Africa, and from 1790 to 1792 the Medusa on the same station. In 1793 he commanded the Aigle frigate in the Mediterranean, and in 1794 succeeded Sir Hyde Parker as captain of the fleet. Towards the close of the year he returned to England with Lord Hood, and had no further service afloat, accepting the appointment of resident commissioner of the navy, and being successively employed in Corsica, Malta, Gibraltar, and latterly at Halifax. In 1799 he declined promotion to flag rank, and was placed on the list of retired captains, retaining his civil appointment till 1811. He died in 1828. He is described by Sir William Hotham [q. v.] as 'a remarkably handsome man, very good natured, and kind in his manners.' 'Though he lived to a considerable age,' he adds, 'he never altogether recovered the effects of the miraculous escape' (Hotham MS.} Inglefield married, about 1775, a daughter of Sir Thomas Slade, and had issue a daughter, who married Sir Benjamin Hallowell Carew [q. v.], and a son, Samuel Hood Inglefield, who died, rear-admiral and commander-in-chief in China, in 1848, and was father of the present Admiral Sir Edward Augustus Inglefield, K.C.B.
[Marshall's Roy. Nav. Biog. iii. (vol. ii.) 62; O'Byrne's Nav. Biog. Dict. p. 564; Commission and Warrant Books in the Public Record Office; Inglefield's Narrative concerning the Loss of his Majesty's Ship the Centaur (published by authority), 1783; information from Sir E. A. Inglefield.]
INGLETHORP or INGOLDSTHORP, THOMAS, D.D. (d. 1291), bishop of Rochester, appears to have belonged to a family of some note, taking its name from Ingoldesthorp in Norfolk. The first benefice he is known to have held is that of Pagham in Sussex. He held the prebendal stall of Stoke Newington in St. Paul's Cathedral, and became archdeacon of Middlesex, from which dignity he was raised to the deanery of St. Paul's in 1276-7. He also held the archdeaconry of Sudbury in August 1267 (Le Neve, Fasti, ii. 490). In 1278, as dean of St. Paul's, he gave his consent to the erection of the new church of the Black Friars between Ludgate and the river Fleet, on their removal from their original home in what is now Lincoln's Inn (Newcourt, Repertorium, i. 38). Inglethorp was appointed by Edward I to the see of Rochester in succession to John de Bradfield (d. 23 April 1283). The commencement of his episcopate was troubled by disputes with the prior and monks of the convent as to some of the rights and perquisites of the see. Though these rights had been enforced by Inglethorp's predecessors, the monks asserted that the bishop had no just claim. The matter was referred to the archbishop, who made a personal visitation and decided against the bishop. The subsequent relations between the bishop and the convent were happy, and at his death the monastic chronicler, Edmund of Haddenham, summed up his character as
Vir laudabilis, mitis et affabilis,
Jocundus et hilaris, et mensa dapsilis,
who 'deserved to have his place with the blessed ones' (Anglia Sacra, i. 353). The numerous mentions of Inglethorp in Thorpe's 'Registrum Roffense' chiefly detail his dealings with the property of the see. In 1284 he was commissioned by the archbishop to reconcile the church of St. Mary-le-Bow, and that of Maidstone, after their pollution by the effusion of blood (Reg. Roffense, p.102; Annal. Monast. Dunstaple, iii. 314). A dispute having arisen between him and the abbot of St. Augustine's, Canterbury, he excommunicated the abbot, a sentence which the king desired him to withdraw (ib. pp. 106-7). He exchanged the advowson ofin Cornwall with Edmund, earl of Cornwall, for those of Henley and Mixbury in Oxfordshire and Brundish in Suffolk (ib. p. 200). In 1389 he carried out the 'ordinatio' of the college and chantry founded in the church of Cobham in Kent (ib. pp. 234-9). He died 12 May 1291, and was buried on the south side of the high altar of his cathedral, where his altar-tomb still remains with a mitred recumbent effigy.
[Wharton's Anglia Sacra, i. 353; Godwin, De Præsul. ii. 111; Thorpe's Registrum Roffense, pp. 102, 106, 201, 234, 509, 658; Custumale Roffense, p. 195.]