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government, besides receiving the knighthood of the order of Christ from the government of Portugal. Jerrold was writing the biography of his intimate co-worker, Gustave Doré, when, on 10 March 1884, he died, in his fifty-eighth year, at his residence in Victoria Street, Westminster. He was buried in Norwood cemetery. He married in 1849 Lillie, only daughter of his godfather, Samuel Laman Blanchard [q. v.]

Jerrold's chief work, completed between 1874 and 1882, was ‘The Life of Napoleon III, derived from State Records, from unpublished Family Correspondence, and from Personal Testimony, with Portraits and Facsimiles of Letters of Napoleon I, Napoleon III, and Queen Hortense,’ 4 vols. 8vo. The materials were confided to him by the widowed empress. It is an apology for the Second Empire throughout.

Jerrold obtained some reputation as a gourmet. He published in 1867 the ‘Epicure's Year-Book;’ and, under his assumed name of ‘Fin-Bec,’ two series in folio entitled ‘Knife and Fork,’ 1871, a gastronomic manual; ‘The Dinner Bell,’ 1878, 8vo; and ‘The Cupboard Papers,’ 1881, 8vo, a collection of contributions to ‘All the Year Round.’ His other works were:

  1. ‘The English Official Guide to the Exhibition,’ Paris, 1855, 12mo.
  2. ‘Imperial Paris,’ London, 1855, 8vo, papers originally contributed to ‘Household Words.’
  3. ‘The Story of the Legion of Honour,’ London, 1855, 8vo.
  4. ‘Life and Remains of Douglas Jerrold,’ London, 1859, 8vo.
  5. ‘The Chronicles of the Crutch,’ London, 1860, 8vo, a collection of papers on the sick poor in France, from ‘Household Words,’ the ‘Lancet,’ and the ‘Examiner.’
  6. ‘The French under Arms,’ London, 8vo.
  7. ‘The History of Industrial Exhibitions,’ London, 1862, 8vo, in 12 parts.
  8. ‘Two Lives,’ a novel, London, 1862, 2 vols. 8vo.
  9. ‘Up and Down in the World,’ a novel, London, 1863, 8vo, which quickly ran into a second edition.
  10. ‘Signals of Distress,’ London, 1863, 8vo, pp. 309, papers from the ‘Morning Post’ concerning refuges, homes of charity, and the like.
  11. ‘A Book for the Beach,’ London, 1863, 2 vols. 8vo, including ‘The Story of a Hero, by his Valet,’ the valet being Santini and the hero Napoleon at Saint Helena.
  12. ‘At Home in Paris, with a Trip through the Vineyards to Spain,’ London, 1864, 8vo, pp. 350.
  13. ‘The Children of Lutetia,’ London, 1864, 8vo, 2 vols., inscribed to the Empress Eugénie.
  14. ‘Passing the Time: a Story of some Romance and Prose in the Life of Arthur Newlands,’ a novel, London, 1865, 8vo, 2 vols.
  15. ‘On the Boulevards; or, Memorable Men and Things drawn on the spot, 1853–1866. Together with Trips to Normandy and Brittany,’ London, 1867, 2 vols. 8vo.
  16. ‘The Gavroche Party, being Literary Estimates,’ London, 1870, 8vo.
  17. ‘Story of Madge and the Fairy Content,’ London, 1870, 8vo.
  18. ‘Cent. per Cent.: a Story told upon a Bill Stamp,’ London, 1871; 3rd edition, 1874; a denunciation of London west-end bill-discounters, originally issued in the ‘Illustrated London News’ as ‘The Progress of a Bill.’
  19. ‘The Cockaynes in Paris, or Gone Abroad,’ London, 1871, 8vo, with sketches by Gustave Doré.
  20. ‘At Home in Paris: at Peace and at War,’ London, 1871, 2 vols. 8vo.
  21. ‘The Best of all Good Company,’ London, 1871–3, 8vo, in six parts, charming descriptions, with portraits and facsimiles of handwriting, of six imaginary days spent respectively with Dickens, Scott, Lytton, Disraeli, Thackeray, and Douglas Jerrold.
  22. ‘London,’ London, 1872, fol., letterpress for Doré's illustrations.
  23. ‘The Christian Vagabond,’ London, 1873, sm. 4to, an account of a religious vagrant, suggested partly by Montyon's ‘Bienfaiteur des Pauvres,’ partly by Dragonetti's ‘Traité des Vertus et des Récompenses,’ papers collected from the ‘Gentleman's Magazine.’
  24. ‘Black-eyed Susan's Boys,’ a novel, London, 1876, 8vo.
  25. ‘Egypt under Ismail Pacha,’ London, 1879, 8vo.
  26. ‘The Belgium of the East’ (meaning Egypt), London, 1882, 8vo.
  27. ‘The Life of George Cruikshank,’ London, 1882, 2 vols. 8vo. Jerrold also collected in 1870 ‘The Final Reliques of Father Prout.’

[Personal recollections; the present writer's biography of Jerrold in the Illustrated Review of March 1873, v. 268–73; Times, 11 March 1884; Men of the Time, 11th ed. 1884; Ann. Reg. 1884, p. 124.]

C. K.

JERSEY, Earls of. [See Villiers, Edward, first Earl, 1636–1711; Villiers, George Busset, fourth Earl, 1735–1805; Villiers, George Child, fifth Earl, 1773–1859.]

JERVAIS (JARVIS), THOMAS (d. 1799), glass-painter, was a native of Dublin, and practised there, together with his brother John (d. 1804), as a glass-painter, paying great attention to the scientific details of his profession. He was advised to come to London, and on his arrival there he was employed by Lord Cremorne to paint numerous small bits of glass for his villa at Chelsea. Jervais painted on glass in opaque colours, and held an exhibition at Charing Cross of specimens from his works, including effects of moonlight, firelight, and winter scenes. In 1777 he was employed to execute his most