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direction of Archbishop Bancroft, Fuller being editor, Overall writing the dedication, and Featley a memoir, in 1609, reprinted 1611. Modern editions are those by Jelf, in 8 vols., Oxford, 1848; and by Ayre, 4 vols., 1845–50, for the Parker Society. It may be noticed that the ‘Apologia’ was adopted as a statement of the anglican position in the ‘Harmonia Confessionum’ of 1581. A proposal was endorsed by Parker that the ‘Apology’ should be bound with the catechism and articles of the church of England, and be authorised as authoritative (Strype, Annals, i. i. 474). Bancroft ordered the ‘Apology’ to be placed in churches, and it may still be found chained to a lectern, as at Cirencester. There is a report by Jewel on the condition of his diocese in 1564 among the ‘Hatfield Papers’ (Hatfield Calendar, i. 309).

[Jewel's Life is largely to be gathered from his own letters. Immediately after his death ‘Joannis Juelli Angli, Episcopi Sarisburiensis Vita et Mors’ was written by his friend Laurence Humphrey (London, John Day, 1573), and was an official biography with Parker's sanction. This was condensed by Daniel Featley in the Memoir prefixed to the edition of Jewel's Works in 1609; and another condensation of Humphrey, with additions from Fuller's Church History and Heylyn's Ecclesia Restaurata, was prefixed to a translation of the Apology and the Epistle to Scipio ‘by a Person of Quality,’ London, 1685. This life is reprinted in Wordsworth's Ecclesiastical Biography, iii. 311, &c. A Life of Bishop Jewel, founded on these materials, was written by Le Bas, London, 1835; and a Memoir by Ayre is prefixed to vol. iv. of his edition of Jewel's Works, 1850.]

M. C.

JEWETT, RANDAL or RANDOLPH (d. 1675), organist and composer, is said to have received the (honorary?) degree of Mus. Bac. at Trinity College, Dublin, and to have studied music under Orlando Gibbons. Jewett was organist of the cathedrals of St. Patrick and Christ Church, Dublin, in 1631; was succeeded at Christ Church by Dr. B. Rogers in 1639; and was vicar-choral of St. Patrick's for a brief period in 1639, and again in 1641. He was vicar-choral of Christ Church in 1646. About this time (probably on the suppression of cathedral establishments) Jewett came to England, and was admitted minor canon of St. Paul's, 1661. For a short time before his death Jewett was organist of Winchester. He died there 4 July 1675. He describes himself in his will as Randolph Jewett of Winchester, gentleman, and it is possible that he was never ordained. Jewett left his property to his wife Anna (d. 1692), his son Benjamin (d. 1691), who graduated B.A. from Magdalen College, Oxford, 19 June 1669 (see Bloxam, Register, ii. 75), his daughter Deborah, and his grandchildren, John, Elizabeth, and Mary Jewett. Monuments of the family are in the north transept of Winchester Cathedral.

The solo funeral anthem, ‘I heard a voice,’ said in Tudway's collection, vol. iii. (Harl. MS. 7339), to be by Mr. Jewett of Exeter, is, with three more anthems and collects in Clifford's ‘Divine Services,’ ascribed to Randolph Jewett.

[Wood's Fasti, vol. i. col. 392; Grove's Dict. of Music, iv. 170; P. C. C. Registers of Wills, Dycer, fol. 76; Woodward's Hampshire, i. 77.]

L. M. M.

JEWITT, ARTHUR (1772–1852), topographer, eldest son of Arthur Jewitt, by Mary, daughter of Jonathan Priestley of Dronfield, was born at Sheffield on 7 March 1772, and at the age of fourteen was bound apprentice to his father, a cutler. At the expiration of his apprenticeship on his twenty-first birthday, 7 March 1793, he married Martha, daughter of Thomas Sheldon of Crooke's Moor, Sheffield. He had read largely from youth, and now opened a private school. In 1794 he became master of a school at Chesterfield, and after several removals and changes was master of the Kimberworth school from 1814 to 1818, when he retired from educational work and removed to Duffield, near Derby. There he remained until 1838, when he joined some of his family at Headington, near Oxford. He died at Headington on his birthday, 7 March 1852. His wife died at Duffield in November 1835. Two of his seven sons, Llewellynn Frederick William Jewitt and Thomas Orlando Sheldon Jewitt, are separately noticed.

Jewitt was well known by his topographical works. ‘The History of Lincolnshire’ appeared in 1810, and ‘The History of Buxton’ in 1811. In July 1817 he commenced ‘The Northern Star, or Yorkshire Magazine,’ a monthly register of arts, biography, statistics, manufactures, &c., which ran to three volumes, 1817–18. On 1 Jan. 1818 he brought out the first number of ‘The Sylph, or Lady's Magazine for Yorkshire, Derbyshire, and the adjoining Counties.’ ‘The Lincoln and Lincolnshire Cabinet and Annual Intelligencer’ appeared at Lincoln during 1827–9. His ‘Matlock Companion,’ 1835, and ‘Derbyshire Gems’ were very popular. His ‘Handbook of Practical Perspective,’ 1840, and his ‘Handbook of Geometry,’ 1842, were adopted by the committee of council on education. He contributed mathematical papers to the ‘British Diary’ and to the ‘Lady's’ and the ‘Gentleman's’ diaries,