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and carried his work to about 1400. John also speaks of having made use of the writings of Giraldus Cambrensis and Radulphus Cestrensis (i.e. Higden) in his compilation. A portion of John's history, extending to the year 1334, is contained in Cotton. MS. Tiberius A. v., the writing of which must be attributed to the early part of the fifteenth century. In Ashmole MS. 790, in the Bodleian Library, the history is continued to 1493, and there is further an index by Thomas Wason, who was a monk of Glastonbury about that time (Hearne, pref. p. xxiii). The continuation may therefore be due to Wason. The whole was edited by Thomas Hearne, together with other material relating to Glastonbury, in two vols., Oxford, 1726. Hearne employed for his edition a manuscript belonging to Lord Charles Bruce.

[Tanner's Bibl. Brit.-Hib. p. 434; Hearne's pref.; Wharton's Anglia Sacra, i. xxxviii.]

C. L. K.

JOHN (fl. 1460), called of Bury, or John Bury, theologian, born at Bury St. Edmunds, became an Austin friar at Clare. He studied at Cambridge, where he graduated D.D. On 5 Aug. 1459 he was appointed provincial of his order at Erfurt, and this appointment was confirmed on 10 Feb. 1460. He was re-elected to the post in 1462, and for the third time on 12 Jan. 1476. Bodley MS. 797 was presented by him to the monastery of Sheen. In this volume and in his writings he calls himself John Bury. Bury distinguished himself by his opposition to Reginald Pecock, bishop of Chichester, to whose 'Represser of Overmuch Learning' he wrote a reply, which he styled 'Gladius Salomonis,' because it makes not reason but scripture to be the mother of living morality. The treatise was to have consisted of two parts, but only the first was completed. It was undertaken at the request of Thomas Bourchier, archbishop of Canterbury, and is dedicated to him. The only extant part of the 'Gladius Salomonis' is an acute and ingenious reply to the thirteen conclusions of the first part of the 'Represser.' A summary is given by Lewis in his 'Life of Pecock' (pp. 191-6), and copious extracts are printed in the Rolls Series edition of Pecock's 'Represser' (pp. 567-613). The whole work is contained in Bodley MS. 108. Dr. Babington was of opinion that the treatise was written at the end of 1457, but since John describes himself in his preface as 'provincial friar of his order,' the true date must be somewhat later. Bury is also said to have written 'Commentarii in Lucam,' but this work has been also assigned to another John of St. Edmunds (fl. 1350) (Davy, Athenæ Suffolcenses, i. 59, in Addit. MS. 19165). He is further credited with 'Lecturæ Scripturarum' and 'Sermones.'

[Leland, Comment. de Scriptt. p. 448; Tanner's Bibl. Brit.-Hib. p. 431; Gandolfus, August. Scriptt. pp. 207-8; Lewis's Life of Pecock, pp. 190-7; Babington's preface to Repressor, pp. xl-xlii.]

C. L. K.

JOHN (fl. 1590), called of Padua, architect. [See Thorpe, John.]

JOHN (1752–1777), called the Painter, incendiary. [See Aitken, James.]