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Lingard through the public papers informing him that unless within a reasonable time he should ‘publish a vindication of his inflammatory language’ he would be indicted and ‘summoned to answer for his offensive demeanour in Westminster Hall.’ By way of reply Lingard merely advertised his ‘Strictures’ in all the papers which had published the dean's letter; and Kipling, after another letter and a short rejoinder from Lingard, repeating the original offence, affected to discover that the latter was not, as he had supposed, ‘a popish priest,’ and entreated pardon for having entertained ‘the erroneous notion.’ Kipling died at his parsonage, after a lingering illness, on 28 Jan. 1822.

His principal work is: ‘Codex Theodori Bezæ Cantabrigiensis, Evangelia et Apostolorum Acta complectens, quadratis literis, Græco-Latinus. Academia auspicante venerandæ has vetustatis reliquias, summa qua potuit fide, adumbravit, expressit, edidit, Codicis historiam præfixit, notasque adjecit T. Kipling,’ Greek and Latin, 2 pts., Cambridge, 1793, fol., printed at the university press. The impression was limited to 250 copies. This edition of the ‘Codex Bezæ’ is a splendid specimen of typography, the types resembling the uncial characters of the original manuscript. It was criticised with severity in the ‘Monthly Review,’ new ser. xii. 241–6, and by Porson, who had a high opinion of Kipling's Greek scholarship, in two notices in the ‘British Critic,’ vol. iii. (1794); and the preface was coarsely attacked in a pamphlet entitled ‘Remarks on Dr. Kipling's Preface to Beza. Part the first. By Thomas Edwards, LL.D.,’ London, 1793, 8vo. No second part appeared. Horne remarks that Kipling's work, although imperfect, was unfairly underrated. The Rev. H. Scrivener, in the preface to his own edition of the ‘Bezæ Codex Cantabrigiensis’ (Cambridge, 1864), says: ‘I have found the text of my predecessor less inaccurate than some have suspected: the typographical errors detected (eighty-three, of which sixteen are in his notes, &c.) I have recorded as a matter of duty, not of reproach:—perfect correctness is quite unattainable, yet Kipling has laboured faithfully, and not wholly in vain, to approach it as near as may be. His most serious fault is one of design and plan, in that he has placed in the body of the work those numerous changes which deform the pages of “Codex Bezæ.”’ Kipling's other works are:

  1. ‘The Elementary parts of Dr. Smith's Complete System of Optics,’ 1778, 4to.
  2. ‘The Articles of the Church of England proved not to be Calvinistic,’ Cambridge, 1802, 8vo, which was attacked by a writer under the signature of ‘Academicus,’ and drew forth a defence claiming to be by a friend of Kipling, but supposed to be by himself.
  3. ‘Certain Accusations brought lately by the Irish Papists against British and Irish Protestants, of every denomination, examined,’ London, 1809, 8vo; reprinted in ‘The Churchman armed against the Errors of the Time,’ vol. ii. London, 1814, 8vo. This was elicited by a reprint of Ward's ‘Errata of the Protestant Bible.’

[Cooper's Annals of Cambridge, iv. 378, 431, 557; Gunning's Reminiscences, i. 24, 281 seq., 312, 314, ii. 49–51; Gent. Mag. 1822, pt. i. p. 276; Literary Memoirs, i. 199, 342; Biog. Dict. of Living Authors, pp. 190, 440; Watt's Bibl. Brit.; Lowndes's Bibl. Man. (Bohn), pp. 764, 1278; Graduati Cantabr. 1846, pp. 185, 398; Public Characters, vi. 91; Tierney's Life of Dr. Lingard, p. 9; Annual Reg. 1822, Chron. p. 276; Nichols's Lit. Anecd. ix. 79; Annual Biog. vii. 449; Horne's Introduction to the Study of the Scriptures, 9th edit. v. 15; British Critic, xi. 619; Scrivener's Codex Cantabrigiensis Bezæ, Introd. pp. xii, xiii; Cooper's Memoir of W. Melmoth, pp. 285, 405; Christian Observer, vol. i. pref. pp. vii, 593; Le Neve's Fasti, ii. 541, iii. 645; Baker's Hist. of St. John's College, Cambridge, ed. Mayor, vol. ii.]

T. C.

KIPPIS, ANDREW, D.D. (1725–1795), nonconformist divine and biographer, was born at Nottingham on 28 March (O.S.) 1725. His father, Robert Kippis, a silk-hosier of Nottingham, maternally descended from Benjamin King of Oakham, Rutland, an ejected minister, was second of the three surviving sons of Andrew Kippis, who died in 1748, and is buried in Sleaford Church (Gent. Mag. lvi. pt. i. pp. 98, 198). His mother, Anne Ryther, was granddaughter of the Rev. John Ryther, who was ejected for nonconformity from the benefice of Ferriby, Yorkshire. Losing his father when he was five years old, he was placed under the care of his grandfather at Sleaford, Lincolnshire, where he was educated. By the advice of Mr. Merrivale, the local pastor, he resolved to enter the dissenting ministry. In 1741 he was admitted into the academy at Northampton, under the care of Dr. Philip Doddridge [q. v.], and after completing his course of five years in that seminary he accepted an invitation from Boston, Lincolnshire, where he settled in September 1746. Thence he removed to Dorking, Surrey, in 1750, as successor to the Rev. John Mason, author of a treatise on ‘Self-Knowledge;’ and in June 1753 he became pastor of the presbyterian congregation meeting in Princes Street, Westminster. On 21 Sept. 1753 he