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bishops — Pearson being said to be one — voted for the Exclusion Bill in 1680 has been satisfactorily disproved (Burnet, Life and Times ii. 246 n.) But the Revolution of 1688 made his weakness of moral fibre conspicuous. On the issue of 'the declaration for liberty of consciences,' when urged by Ken and Trelawney to resist the royal mandate, he replied, 'I will be safe,' and though affixing his name with 'approbo' to the rough draft of the petition of the seven bishops, he withheld his signature to the document and caused the declaration to be read through his diocese (Tanner MSS.; Perry, English Church History, ii. 533 n. ; Plumtre, Life of Ken, ii. 8 n; Echard, Hist. iii. 9, 11). He encouraged the clergy and laity of his diocese to remain firm in their allegiance to James II, and on receiving the intelligence of the landing of the Prince of Orange and of his march towards Exeter, posted off to London to apprise the king of the event and to declare his unshaken loyalty. James received him most graciously, 16 Nov., terming him 'a genuine old cavalier;' took him into his royal closet, and, in spite of his reluctance and protests that 'he nod simply done his duty without thought of reward,' at once conferred on him the archbishopric of York. The see had been kept vacant for more than two years and a half, with the view, it was believed, of its being occupied by a prelate of the king's own creed. He was elected by the chapter of York 28 Nov., and his official translation took place at Lambeth on 8 Dec., two days before James's flight (Luttrell, Hist. Relat. i. 484). He joined with Archbishop Sancroft and his brother bishops Turner of Ely and Spratt of Rochester, in an address to James, 17 Nov., earnestly requesting him to call a free parliament as the best means of preventing bloodshed, which received a sharp answer (Bohun, Hist. of the Desertion, p. 63 ; D'Oyley, Life of Sancroft, i. 385). He voted with the minority in the Convention parliament, 22 Jan., for a regency, but was one of the first to swear allegiance to William in the beginning of March, and received the temporalities of his see from his hands and assisted at the coronation 11 April 1689. The following year he was appointed a member of the royal commission to consider the 'Comprehension Bill' (Calamy, Abridgement, p. 447; Hunt, Religious Thought in England, ii. 293). His tenure of the northern primacy was short and uneventful. He died at Bishopthorpe, 5 May 1691, aged 76, and was buried in the south aisle of the choir of the minster. A monument was erected by his son. His epitaph confirms the statement of his reluctance to accept the primacy, 'dignitatem multam deprecatus' Lamplugh seems to have printed nothing except a single sermon preached before the House of Lords 5 Nov. 1678. The communion plate of his native parish of Thwing was his gift. He married Catherine (d. 1671), daughter of Edward Davenant, the brother of John Davenant, bishop of Salisbury. Of five children his son John Lamplugh, D.D., was the sole survivor at his death. The son is stigmatised by Hearne as 'a little, sneaking, stingy, self-interested fellow, who, 'tis said, hindered his father from many good works which he was naturally inclined to do' (Collections, ii. 48, Off. Hist. Soc.)

[Hearne's Collections (Oxf. Hist. Soc.), ii. 18; Wood's Life and Times (Oxf. Hist. Soc,), i. 365, ii. passim; Athenæ, iv. 334. 669. 676; Fasti, i. 507, ii. 28, 201, 242; Kennett's Register passim; Calamy's Account pp. 20. 216; Continuation, pp. 120, 394, 452; Allestree's Life of Fell p 14; Biogr. Brit. vol. vi pt. i. p. 3737, n. 2; Newcourt's Repertorium, i. 64, 692; Lansdowne MS 987, ff. 133, 149; Macaulay's Hist, of Engl. ii. 489, 503; Bohun's Hist. of the Desertion, pp. 59, 62; Boyer's William III, i. 240; D'Oyley's Life of Sancroft, i. 385, 420; Plumptre's Life of Ken. i. 54. ii. 8; Echard's History, iii, 9, 11; Oliver's Lives of the Bishops of Exeter, pp. 156, 158,]

E. V.

LAMPSON, Sir CURTIS MIRANDA (1806–1885), advocate of the Atlantic cable, fourth son of William Lampson of Newhaven, Vermont, by Rachel, daughter of George Powell of Louisborough, Massachusetts, was born in Vermont on 21 Sept. 1806. He came to England in 1830, and set up in business as a merchant, and was afterwards senior partner in the firm of C.M. Lampson & Co. at 9 Queen Street Place, Upper Thames Street, London. On 14 May 1849 he was naturalised and became a British subject On the formation of the company for laying the Atlantic telegraph in 1856 he was appointed one of the directors, and soon after vice-chairman. For ten years he devoted much time to its organisation. The great aid he rendered was acknowledged in a letter from Lord Derby to Sir Stafford Northcote who presided at a banquet given at Liverpool on 1 Oct. 1866, in honour of those who had been active in laying the cable, and on 16 Nov. Lampson was created a baronet of the United Kingdom. He was deputy-governor of the Hudson Bay Company, and one of the trustees of the fund that was given by his friend George Peabody for the benefit of the poor of London.

He died at 80 Eaton Square, London, on 12 March 1885; the value of his personality in England was sworn at 401,000l. He married on 30 Nov. 1827, in New York, Jane