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passed in Dublin he returned to his native place, and maintained himself by giving drawing lessons. He also painted some pictures of still life and made some attempts at landscape and portrait painting. In 1822 he came to London, where he soon exchanged art for medicine, having lit upon an entirely original method of treating consumption, rheumatism, and other complaints, viz. the application of corrosive liniments and friction. He began practice in Howland Street, Fitzroy Square, in 1827, and found it so lucrative that after a few months he removed to 41 Harley Street, where for some years he was quite the 'médecin à la mode.' One of his patients, however, having died from the effects of his treatment, he was tried at the Old Bailey, and was found guilty of manslaughter on 23 Oct. 1830, but was discharged on paying a fine of 250l. Another trial on a similar charge ended in an acquittal. He himself died of a consumption, which he would not treat by his own method, on 2 July 1834. He bequeathed his property, including his 'secret,' which he valued at 10,000l., to his brother William.

Long published: 1. 'Discoveries in the Science and Art of Healing,' London, 1830, 8vo; 2nd edit. 1831. 2. 'A Critical Exposure of the Ignorance and Malpractice of certain Medical Practitioners in their Theory and Treatment of Disease,' &c. London, 1831, 8vo.

[Ann. Biog. xx. 436; Gent. Mag. 1830 pt. ii. p. 461, 1834 pt. ii. p. 656; Tate's Observations upon the System of Mr. John St. John Long;, Cheltenham, 1831, 8vo; A Defence of John St. John Long, Esq., &c, London, 1831, 8vo.]

J. M. R.

LONG, Sir LISLEBONE (1613–1659), speaker of the House of Commons, the eldest son of William Long of Stratton, Somerset, by Mary, daughter of Thomas Lovibond of Shorwell, Isle of Wight, was baptised at Beckington, Somerset, in 1613, as 'Loveban,' which must have been a form of his mother's name. He was descended from Henry Long of Trowbridge, Wiltshire, who died in 1635. Matriculating at Magdalen Hall, Oxford, 4 Dec. 1629, he graduated B.A. 1 Feb. 1630-1631, and was called to the bar at Lincoln's Inn in 1640. He attained distinction as a lawyer, and in 1656 became recorder of London, a master of requests, and treasurer of Lincoln's Inn. On 15 Dec. 1655 he was knighted by Cromwell. Long sat as parliamentarian in the House of Commons for Wells, 1645-53 and 1654-5; for Somerset, 1656-8, and for Wells from January 1659 till his death. On 9 March 1658-9, Chute being ill, Long was appointed to act as speaker till his recovery, but on 16 March his own death was reported to the house. He is described by Whitelocke as 'a very sober, discreet gentleman, and a good lawyer.' By his wife Frances, daughter of John Mynne of Epsom, he left, with other children, a son George (1644-1705), who matriculated at Wadham College, Oxford, in 1662, became a student of Lincoln's Inn the same year, and died in 1705.

[Burton's Diary of the Long Parliament, ed. Rutt, iv. 92, 149, 160; Metcalfe's Knights, p. 203; Manning's Speakers of the House of Commons; Foster's Alumni Oxon. 1500-1714; Misc. Gen. et Her. new ser. iii. 70; Returns of Members of Parliament.]

W. A. J. A.

LONG, Sir ROBERT (d. 1673), auditor of the exchequer, was youngest son of Sir Walter Long of Wraxhall and Draycot in Wiltshire, by his second wife, Catherine, daughter of Sir John Thynne of Longleat in the same county. He was elected member of parliament for Devizes in 1625, for Midhurst, Sussex, in 1640, and for Boroughbridge, Yorkshire, in 1661. In 1643 he became temporarily writer of the tallies in the exchequer; he also held the office of surveyor of the queen's lands. In 1644 Long became secretary of the newly created council for the Prince of Wales. On 4 Dec. 1645 a warrant was issued authorising payment to him of ecclesiastical tenths for the king's use. He was suspected, however, of treacherous dealings with the Earl of Essex, and passed to London, and thence to France. He was at Paris on 4 May 1646, and made a complaint of the treatment he had received to the queen. Henrietta Maria liked Long, and he became one of her party as opposed to that of Hyde. She sent him back to the prince, with whom he took part in the expedition to the Thames of 1648, and he and John Colepeper [q. v.] were blamed for its ill success. At the Hague and Amsterdam in November 1648 the story was repeated that Long had been bribed. He continued, however, in favour with the prince, and on 14 May 1649 he was placed by Charles on his privy council. He was at Brussels in July, and at Paris in September of that year. Hyde, however, thought in February 1650 that Long's reign was drawing to an end. In 1650 he was with Charles in Jersey.

Long was relied on by the queen to carry out Colepeper's policy in Scotland in 1650, and to keep Charles firm in the presbyterian alliance. But Argyll seems to have suspected him, and he was released from his attendance on the prince, and arrived in Amsterdam in 1651. While there he tried by a misuse of Charles's authority to keep Hyde from going