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App. v. p. 108). 7. ‘The Non-Conformist's Plea for Peace impleaded,’ 1680 (anon.). 8. ‘Sermon against Murmuring,’ 1680. 9. ‘The Unreasonableness of Separation. Second Part … Begun by Edward Stillingfleet, D.D. …’ 1682 (anon.; see R. Baxter's Penitent Confession, 1691). 10. ‘No Protestant, but the Dissenters Plot discovered and defeated,’ 1682. 11. ‘Vindication of the Primitive Christians,’ 1683. 12. ‘King David's Danger and Deliverance,’ 1683. 13. ‘Moses and the Royal Martyr Parallel'd,’ 1684. 14. ‘History of Joshua, applied to the case of Charles II,’ 1684. 15. ‘The Original of War,’ 1684. 16. ‘Compendious History of all the Popish and Fanatical Plots and Conspiracies against the established government in Church and State … from the first year of Queen Elizabeth to 1684,’ 1684. 17. ‘Unreasonableness of Rebellion,’ 1685. 18. ‘A Resolution of certain Queries concerning Submission to the Present Government,’ 1689. 19. ‘The Letter for Toleration (Locke's) Decyphered,’ 1689. 20. ‘Reflections upon … The Case of Allegiance consider'd,’ 1689 (anon.) 21. ‘A Full Answer to the Popular Objections … for not taking the Oath of Allegiance,’ 1689 (anon.). 22. ‘The Healing Attempt examined,’ 1689 (anon.). 23. ‘The Case of Persecution charged to the Church of England,’ 1689. 24. ‘The Historian Unmask'd’ (in reply to Seller's ‘History of Passive Obedience’), 1689 (anon.). 25. ‘Vox Cleri,’ 1690 (anon.). 26. ‘Answer to a Socinian Treatise called the Naked Gospel,’ 1691 [see Bury, Arthur]. 27. ‘Dr. Walker's Account of the Author of “Eikon Basilike” strictly examined and demonstrated to be false, impudent, and deceitful. In two parts, the first disproving it to be Dr. Gauden's; the second proving it to be King Charles the First's,’ 1693. 28. ‘Review of Richard Baxter's Life,’ 1697. 29. ‘Rebuke to Mr. Edmund Calamy,’ Exeter, 1704.

Confusion with his eldest son, Thomas Long the younger (1649–1707), has led Long to be erroneously described as a nonjuror, despite all that he published on the other side. The son, born early in 1649, was admitted a scholar of Corpus Christi College, Oxford, 30 Dec. 1664, proceeded B.A. on 1 Feb. 1667, M.A. 20 March 1670, and was fellow of his college in 1673. Like his father, he was a prebendary of Exeter (admitted 27 April 1681), and was collated to the rectory of Whimple in Devonshire in April 1676. In 1679 he was chaplain to Anthony Sparrow, bishop of Norwich, whose daughter Bridget he had married on 15 Aug. 1676. At the revolution he refused the oaths and was deprived (Lee, Kettlewell, App. p. xviii). He died in Exeter, and was buried at St. Lawrence on 28 July 1707, within a few months of his father. His widow lived till 1712, and, dying in Exeter, was buried at St. Lawrence on 9 Oct. Some letters of his are among the Rawlinson MSS. in the Bodleian Library.

[Authorities quoted in the text; Wood's Athenæ (Bliss), iv. cols. 485–8, where are descriptions of the contents of many of Long's books; Wood's Fasti (Bliss), ii. cols. 8, 231; Foster's Alumni Oxon. 1500–1714; Le Neve's Fasti (Hardy), i. 424–6; Chalmers's Biog. Dict.; Halkett and Laing's Dict. of Anon. and Pseudon. Literature; Cat. of Library of Sion College; Cat. of Library of Trin. Coll. Dublin; parish reg. of St. Lawrence, Exeter, communicated by the Rev. W. Everitt; Registers of C. C. C., Oxford, kindly supplied by the president; information from the Rev. J. Ingle Dredge.]

B. P.

LONG, WILLIAM (1817–1886), antiquary, born 15 Aug. 1817, was second son of Walter Long of Corhampton, Hampshire, by Lady Mary, eldest daughter of William Carnegie, seventh earl of Northesk [q. v.]. He matriculated from Balliol College, Oxford, 5 June 1835, graduated B.A. in 1839, and proceeded M.A. in 1844. He was a justice of the peace for Somerset, an F.S.A., and passed his life as a country gentleman and a local antiquary. He died, 14 April 1886, at Onslow Gardens, London. He married, 13 April 1841, Elizabeth Hare, only child of James Hare Joliffe, and left issue. He wrote: 1. ‘Abury Illustrated,’ Devizes, 1858, 8vo. 2. ‘Stonehenge and its Burrows,’ Devizes, 1876, 8vo, a valuable monograph. Both had appeared in a shorter form in the ‘Wilts Archæological and Natural History Magazine.’

[Foster's Alumni Oxon. (1715–1886); Times, 20 April 1886; Athenæum, 1886, i. 562; Wilts Arch. and Nat. Hist. Mag. xxiii. 98; Burke's Landed Gentry.]

W. A. J. A.

LONGBEARD, WILLIAM, (d. 1196), demagogue. [See Fitzosbert, William.]

LONGCHAMP, WILLIAM of (d. 1197), bishop of Ely and chancellor to Richard I, was once described by Henry II as ‘son of two traitors.’ His father Hugh had received from Henry in 1156 a grant of lands at Linton and Wilton in Herefordshire (Pipe Roll, 2 Hen. II, p. 51, 3 Hen. II, p. 93), and was fermor of Conches (Normandy) from about 1173 till 1180, when he quitted office deep in debt and disgrace (Stapleton, Norm. Exch. Rolls, i. 74). Hugh's father was said to have been a runaway French serf, who had found shelter in the Norman village of Longchamp, whence the family took its name. William's mother was