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land's Gazetteer,’ 3 vols. 1790, 12mo. 6. ‘The Tablet of Memory,’ 8th edit. 1792.

[Works in Brit. Mus.; Nichols's Illustr. of Lit. viii. 26, 27, 31, 32.]

A. F. P.


LUCY, CHARLES (1814–1873), historical painter, born at Hereford in 1814, was first apprenticed to his uncle, a chemist in that town. Having a predilection for art, he went to Paris, where he became a student in the École des Beaux-Arts under Delaroche. He returned to England and studied at the Royal Academy. He subsequently was employed to go to the Hague and Paris to copy old masters for a Mr. Jones. In 1838 he exhibited a portrait at the Royal Academy in London, being then resident at Hereford, and in 1840 exhibited his first historical painting, ‘The Interview between Milton and Galileo.’ For about sixteen years Lucy lived at Barbizon, near Fontainebleau, where, amid essentially French surroundings, he devoted himself entirely to painting large historical pictures from English, especially puritan, history. At the Westminster Hall competitions his works attracted notice, including his fresco in 1844 of ‘The Roman Empress Agrippina interceding with the Emperor Claudius on behalf of the Family of Caractacus,’ which was awarded a premium of 100l., and in 1845 his cartoon of ‘Religion.’ At the competition in 1847 Lucy obtained a premium of 200l. for his painting of ‘The Departure of the “Primitive Puritans” or “Pilgrim Fathers” to the Coast of America, A.D. 1620.’ This picture he followed up by ‘The Landing of the Pilgrim Fathers in America,’ exhibited at the Royal Academy in 1848. Lucy painted a very great number of historical works, but his efforts did not meet with the success which they deserved. A picture of ‘Cromwell and his Family listening to Milton playing the Organ at Hampton Court’ was purchased by Mr. Agnew, who had it engraved, and it was subsequently presented by Mr. Graham, M.P., to the Corporation Galleries at Glasgow. The engraving was by Robert Graves, A.E., and was exhibited at the Royal Academy in 1858. Many of Lucy's pictures were purchased for public institutions in America; some are in the collections of the Duke of Manchester, Sir Robert Peel, and others in this country. Engravings from his works are frequently met with. Lucy was instructor for many years at a drawing school in Camden Town. On the foundation of the new British Institution he was elected chairman of the committee. He was commissioned by Sir Joshua Walmesley to paint a series of portraits of eminent men, including Oliver Cromwell, Nelson, Richard Cobden, John Bright, Mr. W. E. Gladstone, Disraeli, Joseph Hume, and Garibaldi. These were bequeathed by Walmesley to the South Kensington Museum. Lucy died at 13 Ladbroke Crescent, Notting Hill, on 19 May 1873, aged 59.

[Redgrave's Dict. of Artists; Bryan's Dict. of Painters and Engravers, ed. Graves; Clement and Hutton's Artists of the Nineteenth Century; Art Journal, 1873; Times, 21 May 1873.]

L. C.


LUCY, GODFREY de (d. 1204), bishop of Winchester, son of Richard de Lucy [q. v.], ‘the Loyal,’ chief justiciar of England, was attached to the court from early youth and became a favoured member of the royal household (‘familiaris regis’). He devoted himself to judicial studies, and having taken holy orders became a royal clerk, and received a long series of ecclesiastical preferments. He became dean of St. Martin's-le-Grand in 1171 (Dugdale, vi. 1323), canon of Lincoln (Benedict, i. 346), and was archdeacon of Derby in 1182, in which year he was present when Henry II, prior to leaving the kingdom for France, made his will at Waltham (Gervase, i. 293; Rymer, Fœdera, i. 57). He was also canon of York and archdeacon of Richmond (Benedict, i. 324; Brompton, Dec. Script. p. 1156). On the resignation of the justiciarship by his father and the subsequent division of England into four circuits at the council of Windsor in 1179, he was appointed justice itinerant for the district beyond the Trent and the Mersey (Hoveden, ii. 191; Benedict, i. 239). In 1184, as archdeacon of Richmond, he was despatched by Henry to Normandy, together with the bishops of Lincoln (Walter of Coutances) and Norwich (John of Oxford), to arrange terms between Philip Augustus and the Count of Flanders (ib. i. 334). In 1186 he was elected by the chapter of Lincoln to fill the vacant see, but was rejected by Henry, who was resolved on the appointment of Hugh of Avalon [see Hugh, 1135?–1200].

He was also in the same year elected to the see of Exeter, which he declined on the ground of the insufficiency of the income to meet the expenses of the office (ib.) On the accession of Richard I in 1189 he took a prominent part in the coronation ceremony, and bore the linen cap, ‘pileum regale’ (Hoveden, iii. 10; Benedict, ii. 81). When Geoffrey Plantagenet was elected to the archbishopric of York in August 1189, Godfrey was absent, but as canon and archdeacon he signified his consent by letter. The same year he reached the episcopate, being one of the five bishops ‘all, with one exception, faithful servants of his father, as