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the Judgment in High Treason; iii. On the Right of Succession to the Crown in the reign of Elizabeth; iv. On the Constitution of Parliament in the reign of Henry VIII; v. On the Non-Obstante; vi. (a reprint of No. 2.); vii. An Inquiry into the History of the Laws of Oleron. 5. ‘An Essay on the Character of Henry the Fifth when Prince of Wales,’ London, 1813, 8vo; a little volume, which still preserves its value. 6. ‘Of the King's title of Defender of the Faith,’ contributed to ‘Archæologia,’ xix. 1–10, in May 1817. 7. ‘A Treatise on the Constitution of Parliament in the reign of Edward the First,’ Bath, 1818, 8vo. He was also one of the editors of ‘The Statutes of the Realm’ in the edition of 1811.

[Information kindly supplied by H. W. Lawrence, esq., sub-treasurer of the Inner Temple; Watt's Bibliotheca, ii. 622 e; Brit. Mus. Cat.]

C. L. K.

LUDFORD, SIMON, M.D. (d. 1574), physician, was a native of Bedfordshire, and entered the Franciscan order. After the dissolution of the monasteries he became an apothecary in London, and supplicated for the degree of B.M. from the university of Oxford on 6 Nov. 1553. He was admitted to the degree and to practice on 27 Nov. 1554 (Oxf. Univ. Reg., Oxf. Hist. Soc., i. 222), but the College of Physicians of London informed the university of his incompetence in medicine, and he was excluded from the privileges of his degree. He went to Cambridge, but met with no better fate. The vigilant Dr. Caius (1510–1573) [q. v.] caused a letter to be sent to the authorities stating that Ludford had been examined by the College of Physicians on 12 Feb. 1553, and found ignorant, not only of medicine but of philosophy and letters, and that he was without any trace of a liberal education. These rebuffs seem to have stimulated him to study, and he was admitted M.D. at Oxford on 26 June 1560. On 7 April 1563 he was elected a fellow of the College of Physicians of London, and he was chosen a censor in 1564, 1569, and 1572. His copy of the works of Avicenna is in the library of the college with some others of his books. His only extant composition is a manuscript copy of verses written on a blank space at the end of the preface of Charles Stephen's ‘De dissectione partium corporis humani libri tres,’ Paris, 1545, and descriptive of the book. Ludford had paid 8s. for the book, and states he was in want of money at the time. He died in 1574.

[Munk's Coll. of Phys. i. 64; Horwood's Rep. Hist. MSS. Comm. on the manuscripts of Coll. of Phys.; manuscript Annals of Coll. of Phys. vol. i.; Ludford's books in Library of Coll. of Phys.]

N. M.

LUDLAM, HENRY (1824–1880), mineralogist, born 14 Oct. 1824, was educated for the profession of an architect, but adopted instead that of land surveyor, a calling which he subsequently abandoned for commerce.

Ludlam devoted his leisure to the pursuit of mineralogy, and brought together one of the finest private collections of minerals in the kingdom. This collection, which included those made by Turner and Nevill, was bequeathed to the Museum of Practical Geology in Jermyn Street, rendering that collection second only to the one at the Natural History Museum. Ludlam left unfinished at his death a descriptive and crystallographic catalogue of his collection, and in order to perfect the undertaking began late in life the study of chemistry. He died unmarried on 23 June 1880.

He was a fellow of the Geological and a member of the Mineralogical Society.

[Information kindly supplied by the late T. Davies of the Mineral. Department, Nat. Hist. Museum; Nature, xxii. 203; Geol. Mag. 1880, p. 336.]

B. B. W.

LUDLAM, ISAAC (d. 1817), rebel, a quarryman, resident at South Wingfield, Derbyshire, took a prominent part in the ‘Derbyshire insurrection’ promoted by Jeremiah Brandreth [q. v.] in 1817. Before the outbreak Ludlam occupied himself in the manufacture of pikes, which were stored in a quarry near his house. On 8 June he went with another of the rebels, William Turner, to the White Horse Inn at Pentridge. Here a meeting presided over by Brandreth took place, at which Ludlam read out a list of those persons in the neighbourhood from whom it was proposed to rob firearms. On the night of Monday, 9 June, Ludlam, accompanied by his three sons, joined the rebel band under Brandreth at Topham Close, and the united party set out towards Nottingham. Ludlam, who acted as a rear-guard, displayed great activity in demanding arms from houses on the road, and compelled several persons to join in the movement against their will. When the party went into an inn at Codnor, Ludlam was stationed outside as sentinel to prevent any of the doubtful associates escaping. In the course of the march Ludlam frequently stated that the object of the party was to join another body of men in Nottingham Forest, and then proceed to Nottingham itself to guard an insurrectionary parliament which had been as-