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His younger brother, George Ludlow (1596–1655), baptised at Dinton on 15 Sept. 1596, was also a prominent and influential colonist. His name appears on the list of those who desired, 19 Oct. 1630, to be made freemen of Massachusetts. In the beginning of 1631 he returned for a while to England. Grants of land to him, amounting in all to some seventeen thousand acres, are recorded in the Virginia Land Registry; the first, of five hundred acres, ‘in the upper county of New Norfolk,’ being dated 21 Aug. 1638. He was long county lieutenant of York county with the title of colonel, and was member of the council from 1642 to 1655. He died in 1655, leaving no issue by his wife Elizabeth. An abstract of his will is given in Waters's ‘Genealogical Gleanings in England’ (vol. ii. pt. ii. pp. 172–3).

[Information kindly supplied by C. H. Firth, esq.; Connecticut Records, ed. J. H. Trumbull; Savage's Genealog. Dict. iii. 129; Mather's Magnalia, bk. ii. p. 33; Roger Ludlow, by W. A. Beers, in Mag. of Amer. Hist. 1882; Doyle's English in America, the Puritan Colonies; Stiles's Hist. of Ancient Windsor, pp. 687–8; Appleton's Cyclop. of Amer. Biog.; Allen's Amer. Biog. Dict. (3rd edit.); Drake's Dict. of Amer. Biog.]

G. G.

LUGHAIDH (d. 507), king of Ireland, son of Laeghaire mac Neill, grandson of Niall Naoighiallach and great-grandson of Eochaidh Muighmheadhoin, each of whom was ardrigh of Ireland, became himself ardrigh after the battle of Ocha in Meath in 484, in which his second cousin, Oillioll Molt, king of Ireland, son of King Dathi, son of King Fiachra, brother of Niall Naoighiallach, was slain. Lughaidh was supported in his struggle for Tara by Muircheartach Mac Earca, his cousin, and the most powerful chief in the northern half of Ireland, as well as by the Dal n' Araidhe and some of the Leinstermen. He rewarded the Dal n' Araidhe by a grant of territory to west of their proper boundary, the river Bann, which they continued to hold till the defeat of the Picts in 557. His power as ardrigh was never great; his cousin Muircheartach made war on the Munstermen, and his pagan uncle Cairbre fought the battles of Tailltin, of Sleamhain, and of Cnoc Ailbe against the Leinstermen, while in 497 Muirchearteach attacked Leinster, and in 504 Connaught. In all these wars Lughaidh took no prominent part, and probably only remained king because his nominal suzerainty was useful to Muircheartach. In 507 he was killed by lightning at Achadhfarcha in Meath, and his death is described in a poem ascribed to Gilla Moduba, and extant in several versions (Book of Ballymote, fol. 50 a, 9). The first couplet preserves the genitive case of his name, ‘An Achadhfarcha ughrach Bás mhic Laoghaire Lughach.’

[Book of Ballymote, fol. 50; Leabhar Breac, fol. 14; Annala Rioghachta Eireann, pp. 150–164; Annala Uladh, ed. Hennessy, pp. 26–36; J. O'Donovan's Genealogies, Tribes, and Customs of Hy Fiachrach.]

N. M.

LUGID or MOLUA, Saint (554?–608?), first abbot of Clonfertmulloe, alias Kyle, in Queen's County, was born, according to the ‘Chronicon Scotorum,’ in 554. Other variants of his name are Lua, Luaid, Luanus, Lugdach, Lugdaigh, Lughaidh, Lugidus, Lugeth, and Moluanus. His father was named Coche, according both to a life of St. Mochoemog (Pulcherius), which, though not contemporary, is, on the whole, trustworthy (Fleming, Coll. p. 380, cap. xi.), and to the life of St. Maedhog (Aidan), bishop of Ferns (Colgan, i. 213, cap. xx.), which is possibly based on a life by a contemporary (Todd, St. Patrick, p. 116, quoting Colgan). In the martyrologies he is entered as Lughaidh Mac hUi-Oiche (O'Donovan, Annals of Kingdom of Ireland, s.a. 605), as Mac Ochei (Martyrology of Tallaght, tenth century, edit. Kelly, 4 Aug.), as filius O'Ochii (Annales Tigernachi, eleventh century, edit. O'Conor, ii. 180), as McCuochae (Annales Ult. ad. an. 608, O'Conor, iv. 38), and in the ‘Martyrology of Donegal’ he is called the son of Oche, by his wife Sochla. The legendary life published by Fleming makes him the son of Carthach, vulgarly called Coche, of the race of Corcoich in the district of Ui-Fidhgeinte (co. Limerick); his mother, Sochla, interpreted ‘larga,’ came from the region of Ossory; another life, published by the Bollandists, calls him of the race of Corchode, and son of Carthach. His own name—a common one among Irish saints—was properly Lughaidh, and was pronounced Lua: the prefix ‘mo,’ which was often applied to it, was a mark of endearment. A different explanation of Lugid's name is given in a marginal note from the ‘Leabhar Breac’ to the entry of the death of Molua MacOcha in ‘Félire of Œngus's Martyrology.’ It is there explained to mean ‘my kick, son of armpit,’ and a quaint story is told to fit this derivation. The date of the marginal notes in the ‘Leabhar Breac’ is later than that of the text, which is ascribed to the tenth century (Whitley Stokes, Trans. Royal Irish Acad., Irish MSS. Ser. i., 1 June 1880, pp. cxxii, cxxviii). Probably there is nothing true in these notes about Molua beyond the fact of his friendship with, and early training under, St. Comgall [q. v.] at Bangor. In the life of St. Mochoemog, Molua is mentioned as one of that saint's fellow-pupils under Com-