England, and on 25 Oct. 1684 he became treasurer to the queen in place of Lord Clarendon. When Monmouth's rebellion broke out, Lumley collected a troop of horse in Hampshire, and several troops of Sussex militia, and went to Ringwood, Hampshire. Parties of his men captured Grey on the 7th, and Monmouth on 8 July 1685. Lumley's troop of horse was united with other troops to form the regiment of carabineers, of which Lumley was made colonel, his commission dating 31 July 1685; it is now the 6th dragoon guards. Dissatisfaction with James's policy led Lumley, however, in January 1686–7, to lay down his commission. In 1687 he became a protestant, and in the early part of 1688 he entered into communication with William's friends. He supported the seven bishops, and on 31 June 1688 he signed the invitation to William. At the revolution he was directed to secure the north for William. James sent fruitless orders to his supporters at York to effect his capture, and in December Lumley seized Newcastle. In the debates on the sovereignty he supported the resolution declaring the throne vacant. He became a privy councillor 14 Feb. 1688–9, a gentleman of the bedchamber 23 Feb. 1688–9, and colonel of the 1st troop of horse-guards on 2 April 1689. In 1689 also he was made lord-lieutenant of the counties of Durham and Northumberland, and on 10 April 1689 was created Viscount Lumley, and 15 April 1690 Earl of Scarborough in the peerage of England. He served in Ireland at the battle of the Boyne, and afterwards in Flanders, becoming major-general 2 April 1692, and lieutenant-general 24 Oct. 1694. He had given up his regiment to Albemarle in 1690, and seems to have retired from active service after the peace of Ryswick (1697). Queen Anne continued him in his appointments, and he was sworn of her privy council. On 10 May 1708 he was one of the commissioners for the union. He resigned his lieutenancies in 1712, and was reappointed and readmitted to the privy council by George I. On 21 Nov. 1714 he was made a member of the court-martial which settled the seniority of the regiments, and on 9 March 1715–16 became chancellor of the Duchy of Lancaster, resigning office in May 1717, and receiving instead the vice-treasurership of Ireland jointly with Mathew Ducie Moreton, afterwards first Lord Ducie. He died on 17 Dec. 1721, and was buried at Chester-le-Street, Durham. His portrait is at Lumley Castle.
Lumley married Frances, daughter of Sir Henry Jones of Aston, Oxfordshire, and by her had seven sons and four daughters. His second son, Richard Lumley, who succeeded him, was summoned to the House of Lords on 10 March 1713–14, was installed K.G. 28 July 1724, became lieutenant-general in the army 2 July 1739, and died unmarried 29 Jan. 1739–40.
[Lodge's Peerage of Ireland, vol. iv.; Richardson's Table Book, i. 356; Luttrell's Brief Hist. Relation, vols. i. ii.; Bramston's Diary (Camd. Soc.), pp. 267 &c.; Reresby's Memoirs, pp. 233 &c.; Cannon's Hist. Records 1st Life Guards and 6th Dragoon Guards; Macaulay's Hist. vol. i.; Beatson's Polit. Index, vol. ii.; Evelyn's Diary, i. 329, ii. 1, 226, 266; Surtees's Hist. of Durham, ii. 162 &c.; Haydn's Book of Dignities.]
LUMLEY, Sir WILLIAM (1769–1850), general, seventh son of Richard Lumley (d. 1710), fourth earl of Scarborough, by Barbara, sister and heir of Sir George Savile, bart., of Rufford, Nottinghamshire, was born on 28 Aug. 1769. He was educated at Eton and in 1787 was appointed cornet in the 10th light dragoons (now hussars), in which he obtained his lieutenancy in 1791, and his troop in 1793. In 1794 he was made major in Ward's corps of foot, and on 24 May 1795 lieutenant-colonel of the old 22nd light dragoons (the third of four regiments that successively bore that number). He commanded the 22nd dragoons during the Irish rebellion, and on 7 June 1798 was severely wounded at Antrim, where his judgment prevented the sack of the town by the rebels, and saved the lives of the magistrates, Lord O'Neil excepted. He also commanded the regiment in Egypt, where it served during the latter part of the campaign of 1801. He superintended the embarkation at Alexandria of the French garrison of Cairo. The 22nd dragoons was disbanded in 1802. In 1803 Lumley was appointed colonel of the 3rd battalion of the army of reserve, in the organisation of which he took much interest. When the army of reserve was ordered to be broken up, Lumley induced all the men of the battalion who passed the required test (four hundred in all) to re-engage for life service, but the authorities then changed their plans, and ordered the men to be disbanded (Phillipart). Lumley, who became a major-general in 1805, commanded a brigade in the London district that year; with his brigade he was afterwards at the recapture of the Cape of Good Hope in 1806, and in the operations in South America in 1806–7, where he commanded the advance of the army in the landing at Maldonado and the attack on Montevideo. He also served with General Whitelocke in the disastrous attempt on Buenos Ayres. He subsequently held a like position in Sicily, and commanded the light brigade, which formed the advance of Sir John Stuart's expedition to the coast of Italy in 1809, and captured Ischia. An interesting account of the expedition, and of the position of affairs in Sicily at the time, has been left by Sir H. E. Bunbury [q. v.] (see Narrative of Passages in the War with France).
Lumley joined Wellington's army in the Peninsula in 1810. He commanded the attack on the Fort Christoval side during the first siege of Badajoz, and commanded the allied cavalry with Beresford at the battle of Albuera (gold medal), and in the cavalry affair at Usagre. He was invalided home in August 1811, and did not serve in the Peninsula again. He became a lieutenant-general in 1814. He was governor and commander-in-chief at Bermuda from 1819 to 1825, during which time, in his ex-officio position as ‘ordinary,’ or person possessing episcopal authority in ecclesiastical matters, he had disputes with the churchwardens of the colonial parish of St. George. A case thence arising was ultimately carried before Lord Chief Justice Tenterden, who expressed an opinion that, if Lumley possessed the powers claimed, he had used them illegally, and a verdict, with 1,000l. damages, was given against him (see Ann. Reg. 1829).
Lumley was made K.C.B. in 1815, and G.C.B. in 1831. He attained the rank of general 1837. He was colonel in succession of the 3rd battalion of reserve, the royal West Indian rangers (disbanded in 1818), the 6th