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27 March 1663, when he was appointed vicar of Sunbury, Middlesex (Newcourt, Repertorium, i. 744). He died in April 1676.

His writings are: 1. ‘London and the Covntrey carbonadoed and quartred into seuerall characters,’ 12mo, London, 1632, an amusing trifle written in ten days. It is reprinted in vol. ix. of the ‘Harleian Miscellany’ (ed. Park), in Halliwell-Phillipps's ‘Books of Characters,’ and in the second series of the Aungervyle Society's reprints (1883). 2. ‘Obiectorvm Redvctio, or Daily Imployment for the Soule. In occasionall Meditations upon severall subjects,’ 8vo, London, 1634, written in imitation of Bishop Hall's ‘Occasional Meditations.’ 3. ‘Emblems of Rarieties, or Choyce Observations out of worthy Histories of many remarkable Passages and renowned Actions of divers Princes and severall Nations,’ 12mo, London, 1636. 4. ‘The History of the moderne Protestant Divines … faithfully translated out of [the] Latine [of J. Verheiden and H. Holland],’ 8vo, London, 1637, besides lives of some twenty-two of the chief foreign reformers, or, as he calls them, ‘out-landish writers;’ this contains lives of English divines from Wiclif to Whitgift, together with ‘effigies or icons’ of the majority of them, excellently engraved and ‘taken to the life, some by Albertus Durerus, and the others by that Famous Henry Hondius’ (Preface). 5. ‘The Glory of their Times, or the Liues of ye Primitiue Fathers,’ 4to, London, 1640. 6. ‘A Warre-like Treatise of the Pike, or some experimentall Resolves for lessening the number and disabling the use of the Pike in Warre,’ 12mo, London, 1642. 7. ‘The two main Questions resolved: How (1) the Ministers shall be maintained: (2) the Impropriators shall be satisfied, if Tythes be put down,’ 8vo, London, 1652. 8. ‘The Tythe-takers Cart overthrown, or the Downfall of Tythes: proved that they are not to be payd now, either to the appropriate or impropriate Parsons or Persons,’ 8vo, London, 1652. 9. ‘The Freedom of Preaching, or Spiritual Gifts defended: proving that all men endowed with gifts and abilities may teach and preach the Word of God,’ 8vo, London, 1652. 10. ‘The Quacking Mountebanck, or the Jesuite turn'd Quaker’ [anon.], 4to, London, 1655. 11. ‘Flanders, or an exact … Description of … Flanders … as also a distinct Relation of some Battels fought, and Towns won, unto the now victorious proceedings of the English and French Armies therein,’ 4to, London, 1658.

What is supposed to be a portrait of Lupton appears on the title-page of his ‘History of the moderne Protestant Divines.’

[Lupton's Works; Cat. of Early English Books, 1828; Churton's Nowell, pp. 37, 244; Granger's Biog. Hist. of England, 2nd edit. ii. 181.]

G. G.

LUPTON, ROGER (d. 1540), provost of Eton, and founder of Sedbergh school in Yorkshire, was probably a native of Sedbergh. It has been conjectured that he was the son of a Thomas Lupton of ‘Sadber’ (Sedbergh), who was set upon by one Oliver Branthwayt and slain ‘cum quodam gestro’ (qu. geso, ‘a spear’?) at Epiphany, 1477. The assailant, with two men called Riddyng who abetted him, afterwards took sanctuary at Durham (Sanctuarium Dunelmense, Surtees Society, p. 6). As another Thomas Lupton had been killed by Christopher Bowre near Sedbergh, at the feast of St. Peter ad Vincula (1 Aug.) ‘in or about’ 1470, and the slayer in this case also took sanctuary at Durham (ib. pp. 7, 213), it would seem that some local or family feud was then raging among the dalesmen. And it has been suggested that the foundation of chantries, for which Roger Lupton was afterwards distinguished, may have had its motive in these deaths by violence of a father or other relatives (Platt, Hist. of Sedbergh, p. 43).

Lupton does not appear to have been himself educated at Eton, though several of the name, and probably of the same family, were Etonians. Ralph Lupton of Sedbergh, described as being at a later time a considerable benefactor to Eton, went thence to King's College in 1506. In 1509 we find an Anthony Lupton B.A. of King's, who afterwards died abroad, in Germany; and in 1517 a Thomas Lupton, also a King's man, appears as a student of Clement's Inn. Roger Lupton is first traced at Cambridge in 1483, when he graduated as bachelor of laws. In September of the following year he was presented to the rectory of Harlton, Cambridgeshire, and in 1500 (24 Nov.) he obtained a canonry of Windsor. On 16 Feb. 1503–4 he was elected a fellow of Eton, and provost on the 27th of the same month (Cooper in his ‘Athenæ,’ i. 71, places this a year earlier). On this occasion he is styled a doctor of decretals. The college prospered under his rule. To him it owes the finely proportioned gateway and clock tower, still called by his name, which break the line of the western side of the cloister quadrangle; and the chantry, which he added to the collegiate church, the Eton Chapel. Lupton's rebus, lup on a tun, is still to be seen on one of the spandrils of the chantry screen (cf. Wood's MSS. D. 11).

In 1509 (29 July) a Roger Lupton, who may probably be identified with the provost, was made clerk of the hanaper, and on