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1674, ii. 335, for Latin inscriptions both on monument and on stone over Lushington's grave in Sittingbourne Church; Walker's Sufferings of the Clergy, pt. ii. p. 65; Coxe's Cat. of MSS. in Oxford Colleges and Halls; Halkett and Laing's Dict. of Anon. and Pseudon. Lit.; Brit. Mus. Cat.; Cat. of Trin. Coll. Dublin; Transcripts in Canterbury Diocesan Registry, per J. M. Cowper, esq.; Sittingbourne par. reg., per the Rev. H. Venn.]

B. P.

LUTTERELL, JOHN (d. 1335), theologian, was a doctor of divinity at Oxford, and became chancellor of the university in 1317. Early in 1318 he went to the Roman court at Avignon, apparently in reference to the dispute between the university and the Dominicans, being furnished for this purpose with commendatory letters from the king. His disputations are said to have given him a great reputation at the Roman court. In January 1319 he received the prebend of Axford at Salisbury. He resigned the chancellorship at Oxford in 1323 through a dispute in which be became involved with the masters and scholars on the subject of nominalism and realism. Lutterell purposed to leave England, but was forbidden by a royal order, lest be should bring the university into ill-repute abroad. Lutterell is said to have gone to the Roman court, again in 1329. He received the prebend of Knaresborough, Yorkshire, in 1334, and died at Avignon on 17 July 1335.

Lutterell enjoyed a great reputation as a theologian, philosopher, and mathematician. He is said to have written: 1. ‘Epistola magistri Johannis Lutterell, Anglici, doctoris sacre theologie, ad quendam D. et curie Romane disputantem [perhaps John Baconthorpe [q. v.],] de visione faciali.’ Inc. ‘Seipsum attencius supplicastis’ in a collection of tracts on the Beatific Vision in MS. Univ. Lib. Cambridge, Ii, iii. 10, ff. 91–5 a. Tanner makes two treatises of this letter. 2. ‘Determinationes contra Ockhamum.’ 3. ‘In Vesperiis Magistrorum.’ 4. ‘Prælectiones Oxonienses.’ Louis Jacob's MS. ‘Bibliotheca Carmelitana’ improbably represents Lutterell as a Carmelite. Bale does not include him in his ‘Heliades’ (Harl. MSS. 3838, 1819).

[Bale, v. 56; Tanner Bibl. Brit.-Hib. p. 489; C. de Villiers's Bibl. Carmelitana, ii. 43; Wood's Hist. and Antiq. Univ. Oxford, i. 391, 404–5, ed. Gutch; Le Neve's Fasti, iii. 196, 464; Maxwell Lyte's Hist. Univ. Oxford, pp. 111, 130.]

C. L. K.

LUTTICHUYS, SIMON (1610–1663?), painter, son of Bernaert Luttichuys, was born in London, and baptised at the Dutch Church, Austin Friars, on 6 March 1610. Luttichuys obtained some distinction as a painter of portraits and still-life, and before 1650 removed with his family to Amsterdam. There he continued to practise as a painter until his death in 1662 or 1663. He painted portraits of James, duke of York, and Henry, duke of Gloucester, which were finely engraved by Cornelis van Dalen. Two good still-life pictures in the gallery at Cassel are ascribed to him. Luttichuys was twice married, first to Anna van Peene, secondly at Amsterdam in 1655 to Johanna Cocks of Naerfick (sic) in England.

His younger brother, Isaac Luttichuys (1616–1673), born in London, and baptised at the Dutch Church, Austin Friars, on 25 Feb. 1616, also practised as a painter. He removed to Amsterdam before 1643, where he married Elizabeth, daughter of Adolf Winck of Amsterdam. He married for a second time before 1648 Sara Grelant, and dying at Amsterdam in March 1673 was buried in the Westerkerk there.

[Oud Holland, iii. 227, v. 82; Moens's Registers of the Dutch Church, Austin Friars; Kramm's Levens en Werken der Hollandsche en Vlaamsche Kunstenaars.]

L. C.

LUTTRELL or LUTTEREL, EDWARD (fl. 1670–1710), crayon painter and mezzotint engraver, appears to have been a native of Dublin, and to have come early in life to London, where he entered at New Inn as a student of law. After practising art for his own pleasure, he finally adopted it as a profession. He obtained some repute as a painter of portraits in crayons, and invented a method of laying a ground on copper on which to draw in crayons. In the National Portrait Gallery there are crayon portraits by Luttrell of Samuel Butler (drawn on an oak panel), Archbishop Sancroft, and Bishop George Morley. A portrait-drawing by him is in the print room at the British Museum. Luttrell was one of the earliest native practitioners of the art of mezzotint engraving. According to Vertue (Brit. Mus. Add. MS. 23068, f. 22) he was led to experiment with the rocker himself, in imitation of the engravings by Abraham Blooteling, and, not being very successful, induced Lloyd the publisher to bribe one Blois, an assistant to Blooteling, to reveal his master's method. Blois revealed it to Lloyd, but Lloyd refused to communicate it to Luttrell, and revealed it to another engraver, Isaac Beckett [q. v.] Luttrell continued his efforts unaided until he met with Jan Van Somer [q. v.], the mezzotint engraver, who gave him the required knowledge. Subsequently Luttrell worked with and for Beckett and Lloyd, and as he did not