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Lutwyche
Luxford
302

not accepting this condition Luttrell became liable to attainder, which was duly put in force against himself and his wife. Luttrell served until 1696 in Italy as brigadier, under Marshal Catinat, and he was subsequently attached with his regiment to the forces of the Duke de Vendôme in Catalonia. The present writer possesses two official documents executed in Catalonia by Luttrell as ‘colonel du regiment d'infanterie de la Reine d'Angleterre & brigadier des armées du Roy.’ The first is dated at Girona 19 Dec. 1697; the second was signed at Perpignan 20 Feb. 1698. An inscription to Luttrell's memory in the Irish College at Paris records that his death took place on 6 Sept. 1698. Archdall in his ‘Peerage of Ireland,’ 1789, iii. 411, erroneously stated that Luttrell was slain at Landen in 1693. This error has been repeated in Burke's ‘Extinct Peerage.’

[King's State of the Protestants, 1692; Mémoires du Maréchal de Berwick, 1778; Life of James II, 1816; Macariæ Excidium, 1850; Dalton's Irish Army List, 1860; O'Callaghan's Hist. of Irish Brigades, 1860; J. T. Gilbert's Jacobite Narrative, 1892.]

J. T. G.

LUTWYCHE, Sir EDWARD (d. 1709), judge, son and heir of William Lutwyche of Shropshire, was called to the bar at Gray's Inn in June 1661, and was elected an ancient of the inn in 1671. He became a serjeant-at-law on 23 Feb. 1683, and king's serjeant on 9 Feb. 1684, when he was also knighted. In October 1685 he was appointed chief justice of Chester, and was promoted to a judgeship of the common pleas 21 April 1686; but having in Sir Edward Hale's case supported the royal claims to grant dispensations from the penal laws, he lost his seat on the abdication of James II, was excepted out of the Act of Indemnity, and returned to the bar. He continued to practise till 1704. With other members of the bar at York assizes in April 1693 he refused the oaths tendered by the grand jury, and was fined 40s., but he was sufficiently in favour with the crown to be consulted by the treasury on certain crown rights (Redington, Treasury Papers, 1697–1701, p. 352). He prepared and published, in French and Latin, in 1704, ‘Reports of Cases in the Common Pleas,’ which were published in English after his death in 1718, in two editions, folio and octavo. He died in June 1709, and was buried in St. Bride's Church, London. His son Thomas [q. v.] is noticed separately. Lord Campbell (Lives of the Chief Justices, ii. 93) pronounces him to have been an ignorant lawyer and an incompetent judge. Bain's ‘Catalogue of Pictures in Serjeants' Inn’ mentions a print after a portrait of him by T. Murray.

[Foss's Judges of England; Bramston, p. 207; Luttrell's Diary, iii. 83; 2 Shower's Reports, 475; Parl. Hist. v. 334.]

J. A. H.

LUTWYCHE, THOMAS (1675–1734), lawyer, son of Sir Edward Lutwyche [q. v.], justice of the common pleas, was a king's scholar at Westminster School, and was elected to Christ Church, Oxford, where he matriculated 4 July 1692, but took no degree. He was called to the bar at the Inner Temple in 1697, was reader there in 1715, and treasurer of the inn in 1722. He sat in parliament for Appleby, Westmoreland, from 1710 to 1715, for Callington, Cornwall, between 1722 and 1727, and for Agmondesham, Buckinghamshire, from 1728 to his death, 13 Nov. 1734. He was buried in the Inner Temple Church. Lutwyche was made Q.C. towards the end of Queen Anne's reign, and was an able lawyer. He was a high tory, and delivered, on 6 Nov. 1723, a strong speech in parliament against the bill for laying a tax upon papists. He left some manuscript reports of ‘select cases, arguments and pleadings’ in the Queen's Bench in the reign of Queen Anne, first published in 1781 in pt. xi. of ‘Modern Reports.’ One of his opinions is printed in ‘Nichols's Literary Anecdotes,’ i. 315–16.

[Alumni Westm. p. 222; Foster's Alumni Oxon. 1500–1714; Inner Temple Books; Hist. Reg. Chron. Diary (1734), p. 31; Parl. Hist. viii. 354–51; Members of Parliament (official lists); Luttrell's Diary, vi. 510.]

J. M. R.


LUXBOROUGH, Lady (d. 1756). [See Knight, Henrietta.]

LUXFORD, GEORGE (1807–1854), botanist, was born at Sutton in Surrey on 7 April 1807. At the age of eleven he was apprenticed to a printer, with whom he remained sixteen years, and during that time acquired a knowledge of several languages and much general and scientific information. In 1834 he removed to Birmingham, but returning south in 1837, he started in business as a printer in London the next year. This was followed by the issue of his ‘Flora of Reigate,’ 1838, 8vo. For some years he was sub-editor of the ‘Westminster Review,’ and from 1846 to 1851 was lecturer on botany in St. Thomas's Hospital. In 1841 he undertook the editorship of the ‘Phytologist’ for Edward Newman, and held that post until his death on 12 June 1854 at Walworth. He was elected an associate of the Linnean Society in 1836.

[Proc. Linn. Soc. i. 426.]

B. D. J.