1819), which awarded an extra grant of 10,000l. a year to the Duke of York (ib. xxxix. 1074). Nevertheless, Lyttelton in 1819 thought that ‘the revolutionary faction of the radicals ought to be opposed.’ In the same session, on 2 Dec. 1819, he made a weighty speech in favour of the second reading of the Seditious Meetings Prevention Bill, although he blamed ministers for having made the measure necessary by want of conciliation, and thought an inquiry needful into the ‘Peterloo massacre’ at Manchester (ib. xli. 608). Between 1816 and 1819 he actively opposed state lotteries, but he thrice introduced without success a motion against them, denouncing the immorality and infertility of this source of revenue, as well as the frauds in its administration.
Lyttelton interested himself also in naval and military questions, and succeeded in obtaining an important modification of the order which deprived officers in the army of their half-pay if unable to make affidavit that they had no other emolument or employment under the crown, and were not in possession of a certain private income. He also advocated the disuse of the system of sweeping chimneys by climbing boys, and was a strong opponent of the property tax. He supported Sheridan's motion of 6 Feb. 1810 against the standing order for the exclusion of strangers from the house. In the same session, on 16 Feb., he opposed the voting of an annuity to Wellington, whose merits he considered to be far short of those of Nelson (ib. xv. 450). He spoke strongly against the Alien Bill in 1816 and 1818 (ib. xxxiv. 968, xxxviii. 742).
On the death of his half-brother, George Fulke, second baron, on 12 Nov. 1828, he succeeded to the title. He did not take much part in the debates of the House of Lords, but on 6 Dec. 1831 he made an earnest speech in favour of the Reform Bill in the debate on the address. He was appointed lord-lieutenant of Worcestershire on 29 May 1833. He died at the house of his brother-in-law, the third Earl Spencer, in the Green Park, on 30 April 1837, aged 55.
By his marriage, on 4 March 1813, with Lady Sarah Spencer, eldest daughter of George John, second earl Spencer, who was for a time governess to the children of Queen Victoria and a lady of the bedchamber, and who died 13 April 1870, he had three sons: George William [q. v.], who succeeded to the title; Spencer (1818–1882), who became marshal of the ceremonies to the royal household; and William Henry Lyttelton [q. v.], canon of Gloucester; besides two daughters, Caroline (b. 1816), who died unmarried, and Lavinia (1821–1850), wife of Henry Glynne, rector of Hawarden. Lyttelton was an accomplished Greek scholar, and so high was his reputation as a wit that the ‘Letters of Peter Plymley’ were for a time ascribed to him before Sydney Smith's authorship of them was known. In August 1815, through his friendship with the captain, he obtained a passage on board the Northumberland from Portsmouth to Plymouth, and privately printed fifty-two copies of ‘An Account of Napoleon Buonaparte's coming on board H.M.S. Northumberland, 7 Aug. 1815; with Notes of two Conversations held with him;’ he also printed a ‘Catalogue of Pictures at Hagley.’ He published ‘Private Devotions for School Boys,’ an edition of which, revised and corrected by his eldest son, appeared in 1869 (new editions in 1874, 1881, and 1885).
[Gent. Mag. 1837, ii. 83; Burke's Peerage; Foster's Alumni Oxonienses and Peerage; Clayden's Rogers and his Contemporaries, i. 116, 199; Martin's Privately Printed Books, 2nd edit., p. 466; Brit. Mus. Cat.; Hansard's Parliamentary Debates, passim.]
LYTTELTON, WILLIAM HENRY (1820–1884), canon of Gloucester, second son of William Henry, third baron Lyttelton [q. v.], born on 3 April 1820, was educated at Winchester School and Trinity College, Cambridge, where he graduated M.A. in 1841. Ordained deacon in 1843, and priest in 1844, he held from 1843 to 1845 the curacy of Kettering, Northamptonshire, was instituted to the rectory of Hagley, Worcestershire, in 1847, and appointed honorary canon of Worcester on 4 Nov. 1850. In 1880 he was made canon of Gloucester. He died at Malvern on 24 July 1884. Lyttelton married, first, on 28 Sept. 1854, Emily, youngest daughter of the Right Rev. Henry Pepys, D.D., bishop of Worcester, who died on 12 Sept. 1877; secondly, on 5 Feb. 1880, Constance Ellen, youngest daughter of the Hon. and Very Rev. Grantham Yorke, D.D., dean of Worcester, who survived him.
Besides publishing sundry sermons and addresses, and contributing a chapter on the physical geography and geology of the Clent district to William Harris's ‘Clentine Rambles,’ Stourbridge, 1868, 8vo, Lyttelton edited:
- ‘Forms of Praise and Prayer in the Manner of Offices,’ Oxford, 1869, 8vo.
- ‘Scripture Revelations of the Life of Man after Death, and the Christian Doctrines of Descent into Hell, the Resurrection of the Body, and the Life Everlasting, with Remarks upon Cremation and upon Christian Burial,’ London, 1875, 8vo; 3rd edit. 1876.
- ‘Biblical Studies,’ from the French of F. Godet, Lon-