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Lockhart
Lockhart
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speech. This was his last function as librarian; he resigned the post on 29 Nov. When abroad in 1663, Lockey had been nominated to the fourth stall of Christ Church Cathedral, but was not installed till 12 July 1665; he exchanged it for the fifth stall on 6 July 1678 (Le Neve); he had given 100l. towards the rebuilding of Wolsey's quadrangle in 1660. Lockey died 29 June 1679, aged 78, and was buried in the north aisle of Christ Church Cathedral. His epitaph says that, ‘though he had been twice to Rome, his own country ever delighted him and his own faith.’ A portrait, showing thin, sharp, but very intellectual features, is in the Bodleian Library. Lockey frequently travelled abroad, and collected pictures, coins, and medals, as well as books, most of which, with his choice library, except those books, to the value of 16l. 15s., purchased on his death by the Bodleian, came into the hands of Dr. Killigrew, canon of Westminster. Hearne describes him as a curious, nice man, and ‘reckon'd the best in the university for classical learning’ (Collections, ed. Doble, ii. 40).

[Lansd. MSS. v. 987, p. 12; Walker's Sufferings of the Clergy, ii. 14; Willis's Cathedrals, iii. 456–8; Le Neve, ii. 524, 525, 656, 657; Wood's Athenæ (Bliss), iv. 523; Kennett's Register, pp. 329, 345; Oxf. Univ. Reg. (Oxf. Hist. Soc.), vol. ii. pt. ii. p. 386; Welch's Alumni Westmonasterienses, p. 87; Forshall's Westminster School, Past and Present, p. 160; information kindly furnished by F. Madan, esq.; Annals of the Bodleian Library, ed. Macray, 1890, pp. 127, 129, 130, 131, 132.]

E. T. B.

LOCKHART, DAVID (d. 1846), botanist, was a gardener in the Royal Gardens, Kew. In 1816 he became the assistant of Christian Smith, the naturalist of the Congo expedition under Captain Tuckey. Lockhart escaped with his life, but suffered much from fever. Two years afterwards he was put in charge of the gardens at Trinidad, then under the supervision of Sir Ralph Woodford, and acquitted himself ably there. He visited England in 1844 with the view of enriching the Trinidad gardens, but he died in 1846 soon after his return to the island. A genus of orchids, which was named Lockhartia after him by Dr. Lindley, is now merged in Fernandezia.

[Gard. Chron. 1885, new ser. xxiv. 236.]

B. D. J.

LOCKHART, or LOKERT, GEORGE (fl. 1520), a Scotsman, was a professor of arts at the college of Montaigu in Paris in 1516. He cannot be identified with the George Lockhart who was forfeited at Lanark in 1501, but was probably the man for whom James V, writing to Henry VIII, 7 April 1528, requested permission to pass through England on his way abroad. At the Montaigu college he must have been the contemporary of Pierre Tempête, who died about 1530. He wrote: 1. ‘De Proportione et Proportionalitate,’ Paris, 1518, fol. 2. ‘Termini Georgii Lokert,’ Paris, 1524, 4to, with a dedication to James Henryson. 3. He also edited and improved ‘Questiones et Decisiones Physicales. .. Alberti de Saxonia Thimonis et J. Biondani,’ Paris, 1518, fol.

[Tanner's Bibl. Brit.; Exchequer Rolls of Scotland, xi. 353*; Cal. State Papers, Scottish Ser. i. 27; Franklin's Anciennes Bibliothèques de Paris, i. 407.]

W. A. J. A.

LOCKHART, Sir GEORGE (1630?–1689), of Carnwath, lord president of the court of session, born about 1630, was younger brother of Sir William Lockhart [q. v.], and was second son of Sir James Lockhart of Lee [q. v.], by his second wife, Martha, daughter of Sir George Douglas of Mordington, Berwickshire. He was admitted advocate 5 June 1656, and on 14 May 1658 was named advocate to the Protector during life, ‘or so long as he demeaned himself well therein.’ In 1658–9 he was sheriff of Lanark, and represented Lanarkshire in the English parliament of 1658–1659. At the Restoration the loyalty of his father secured his pardon, but he had humbly on his knees to swear allegiance to Charles II, and to express contrition for having held office ‘under the usurper.’ In 1663 he was knighted by Charles.

Lockhart ultimately became the most skilful and eloquent pleader of his time, his only rival in forensic ability being Sir George Mackenzie. ‘He did so charm, and with his tongue,’ wrote Lauder of Fountainhall of his eloquence, ‘drew us all after him by the ears in a pleasant gaping amazement and constraint, that the wonderful effects of Orpheus' harp in moving the stones seems not impossible to an orator on the stupidest spirit’ (Hist. Notices, p. 80). In 1672 he was elected dean of the Faculty of Advocates. In February 1674 he was the occasion of one of the most notable occurrences connected with the Scottish bar. When the court was about to decide a case against his client Lord Almond, he advised an appeal from the court to parliament. The judges regarded the action as illegal and disrespectful, and their view was adopted by the government. Lockhart and others with him in the case were debarred from pursuing their profession at the pleasure of the king, whereupon fifty other advocates in token of their esteem of Lockhart voluntarily withdrew from practice. At