Page:Dictionary of National Biography volume 36.djvu/14

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Gloucester Cathedral; his tomb is an altar-monument with a figure in white marble.

Malvern wrote in 1524 an account in English verse of the foundation of his monastery, which Hearne printed in his edition of 'Robert of Gloucester' from a manuscript at Caius College, Cambridge.

[Letters and Papers of Henry VIII, ed. Gairdner; Hart's Histor. et Cartul. Monast. S. Petri Glouces. (Rolls Ser., iii. 296, 305, 307; Gasquet's Henry VIII and the Engl. Monasteries; Tanner's Bibl. Brit.; Dugdale's Monasticon, i. 536; Leland's Itin. iv. 77; Rudder's Hist, of Gloucestershire, p. 138; Hearne's Robert of Gloucester, Pref. p. vi, and ii. 578 sqq.]

W. A. J. A.

MALVERNE, JOHN (d. 1415?), historian, was according to Pits a student of Oriel College, Oxford; he was a monk of Worcester, and is no doubt the John Malverne who was sacrist, and became prior, 19 Sept. 1395 (Liber Aldus, f. 3806). There was a John Malverne who was ordained acolyte in Worcester in 1373 (Reg. Prior, et Conv. Wigorn. f. 171 ft). As prior of Worcester he was present in 1410 at the trial of the lollard, John Badby [q. v.], before the diocesan court (Foxe, Acts and Monuments, iii. 236). He seems to have died in or before 1415. Malverne was the author of a continuation of Higden's 'Polychronicon' from 1346 to 1394, which is printed in the edition in the Rolls Series, viii. 356-428, iv. l-283 from MS. 197 at Corpus Christi College, Cambridge : it is a work of considerable value. Stow makes him the author of ' Piers Plowman,' an error in which he is followed by Tanner [see Langland, William]. Prior Malverne's register from 1395 as far as 1408 is continued in the 'Liber Albus,' ff. 380-435, preserved in the muniments of the Worcester Cathedral chapter. The historian is clearly a different person from his contemporary and namesake the physician,

Malverne, John (d. 1422 ?), who was perhaps the true alumnus of Oriel. He is said to have been a doctor of medicine (Digby MS. 147), and of theology (Newcourt, i. 134). He was made rector of St. Dunstan's-in-the-East, London, on 8 March 1402, and received the prebend of Chamberlainwood at St. Paul's, 8 Jan. 1405; he also held the prebend of Holywell there, and may be the John Malverne who was made canon of Windsor, 20 March 1408 (Le Neve, Fasti, iii. 384). He was present at the examination of William Thorpe [q. v.] in 1407, and took part in the controversy. He is described as a ' phisician that was called Malueren person of St. Dunstan's' (Foxe, Acts and Monuments, iii. 251, 274-5, 278-80). He seems to have died early in 1422. He is no doubt the author of a treatise ' De Remediis Spiritualibus et Corporalibus contra Pestilentiam,' inc. 'Nuper fuit quedam scedula publice conspectui affixa continens consilia' in Digby MS. 147, ff. 53ft-56a, in the Bodleian Library. This tract also appears in Sloane MS. 57, ff 186-8 at the British Museum as 1 Consiliurn contra Pestem,' but there begins 'Ipsius auxilio devocius invocato.'

[Pits, p. 878; Tanner's Bibl. Brit.-Hib. p. 504; Lumby's Pref. to the Polychronicon; Newcourt's Repertorium, i. 134, 160,233; information kindly supplied by E. L. Poole, esq.]

C. L. K.

MALVOISIN, WILLIAM (d. 1238), chancellor of Scotland and archbishop of St. Andrews, was of Norman origin, and was said to have been educated in France. He became one of the clerici regis in Scotland, and he was made chancellor of Scotland in September 1199. During the following month he was elected bishop of Glasgow. Subsequently, while at Lyons, he was ordained priest and consecrated to the see of Glasgow 23 Sept. 1200 by John Belmeis [q. v.], archbishop of Lyons, at the order of Innocent III. He landed at Dover on his return home on 1 Feb. following. He was a frequent correspondent of the Archbishop of Lyons, one of whose letters to him, written about this time, has been reproduced by Mabillon in his 'Analecta,' p. 429. The letter contains two replies made to inquiries by Malvoisin: one referring to the working of the consistorial courts in the diocese of Lyons,' de temporali regimine ecclesiae Lugdunensis; ' and the other as to how far those in holy orders ought to take part in civil disputes or to bear arms a question which the archbishop answered wholly in the negative. In 1201 he, as bisbop, was party to an arrangement, made in confirmation of one previously existing, in presence of the papal legate, John de St. Stephanus, at Perth, by which the monks of Kelso held the property of the churches within that borough free from dues or charges of any kind. In 1202 Malvoisin was transferred on the king's recommendation to the archbishopric of St. Andrews, lie showed much wisdom and energy in ruling the church. Many rights and privileges that had lapsed through the remissness of his predecessors were vindicated anew by him and zealously defended. He was in constant communication with the holy see, asking instructions on points of doctrine, forms of procedure, or legal opinions, such as whether or no he could allow proof by witnesses in establishing contracts of marriage. A long-standing dispute between the see of St. Andrews and Duncan of Arbuthnot regarding the kirklands of Arbuthnot was