Page:Dictionary of National Biography volume 36.djvu/312

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on 24 Aug. he was deprived by the Uniformity Act. On that day, however, there was no one to preach, and though he had taken his farewell on the 17th, he officiated again. On 29 Aug. George Hall [q. v.], bishop of Chester, issued his mandate declaring the church vacant, and inhibiting Martindale from preaching in the diocese. At Michaelmas he removed to Camp Green in Rostherne parish, attending the services of his successor (Benjamin Crosse), and 'repeating' his sermons in the evening 'to an ousefull of parishioners.' For two years he took boarders ; this being unsafe for a nonconformist, he thought of turning to medicine, but eventually, aided by Lord Delamer, he studied and taught mathematics at Warrington and elsewhere. At May day 1666, under pressure of the Five Miles Act, he removed his family to another house in Rostherne, and went to Manchester to teach mathematics. Anglican as well as nonconformist gentry employed him. In furtherance of the education of his son Thomas, he visited Oxford (1668), where he made the acquaintance of John Wallis, D.D. [q. v.] For the same purpose he journeyed to Glasgow (April 1670). At this period there seems to have been little attempt in Lancashire to enforce the law against the preaching of nonconformists in the numerous and ill-served chapelries. Martindale preached openly in the chapels of Gorton, Birch, Walmsley, Darwen, CocKey, and in the parishes of Bolton and Bury, Lancashire. His receipts from this source soon enabled him to dispense with taking pupils. He was brought up before Henry Bridgeman [q. v.], then dean of Chester, and indicted at the Manchester assizes, but fouud not guilty for lack of evidence. John Wilkins [q. v.], bishop of Chester, ' proposed terms' in 1671 to the nonconformists, that they might officiate as curates-in-charge, and thev were inclined to accept, but Sterne, the archbishop of York, interposed.

On 30 Sept. 1671 Martindale became resident chaplain to Lord Delamer at Dunham, with a salary of 40/. He took out a license under the indulgence of 1672 for the house of Humphrey Peacock in Rostherne parish, and there preached twice each Sunday and lectured once a month. He removed his family to The Thorne in 1674, to Houghheath in 1681, and to his own house at Leigh in May 1684. The death of Lord Delamer (10 Aug. 1684) closed his connection with Dunham. He was imprisoned at Chester (27 June-15 July 1685) on groundless suspicion of complicity with the Monmouth rebellion; in fact his principles were those of passive obedience, and he had written (but not published) i n 1682 an attack on the 'Julian T of Samuel Johnson (1649-1 703) [q. v.], which he regarded as ' a very dangerous booke.' Later in 1685 he gave evidence at Lancaster as arbitrator in a civil suit, and came home out of health.

Martindale died at Leigh in September 1686, and was buried at Rostherne on 2 1 Sept. He married, on 31 Dec. 1646, Elizabeth (who survived him), second daughter of John Hall, of Droylsden, Lancashire, and uterine sister of Thomas Jollie [q. v.] His children were : (1) Elizabeth, b. 1 Jan. 1648, d. 12 March 1674; (2) Thomas, b. 19 Dec. 1049, M.A. Glasgow, 1670, master of Wit-ton School, near Northwich, Cheshire, d. 29 July 1680, leaving a widow and daughter; (3) John, b. 3 March 1652, d. 23 Aug. 1659 ; (4) Mary, b. 26 May 1654, d. 10 April 1658; (5) Nathan, b. 2 Dec. 1656, d. 18 March 1657; (6) Martha, b. 28 Feb. 1657, married Andrew Barton, and survived her father ; (7) John, 5.11 Jan. 1661, rf.21 May 1663; (8) Hannah, b. 13 Jan. 1666, became" a cripple, and survived her father.

He published: 1. 'Divinity Knots Unbound,' &c, 1649, 8vo (against antinomianism and anabaptism, dedicated to Captain James Jollie) ; also withtitle 4 Divinity Knots Unloosed,' &c, 1649, 8vo (Calamy and Uawick). 2. ' Summary of Arguments for and against Presbyterianismeand Independencies &c, 1650, 4to. 3. ' An Antidote against the Povson of the Times,' &c, 1653, 8vo (a catechism, defending the doctrine of the Trinity against heresies then appearing among the independents at Dukinfield, Cheshire). 4. 'Countrey Aimanacke,' 1675-6-7 (mentioned in his autobiography). 5. ' The Countrey-Survey-Book ; or Land-Meter s Vademecum,' &c, 1681, 8vo (copper plates); reprinted with addition of his ' Twelve Problems,' 1702, 8vo. 6. 'Truth and Peace Promoted,' &c, 1682, 12mo (mentioned in his autobiography and by Calamy on justification). Communications from him are in 'Philosophical Transactions Abridged,' 1670, i. 539 (extracts from two letters on ' A Rock of Natural Salt' in Cheshire), 1681, ii. 482 C Twelve Problems in Compound Interest and Annuities resolved'). In ' A Collection of Letters for the Improvement of Husbandry and Trade,' 1683, by John Houghton (d. 1705) [q. v.], are two by Martindale (vol. i. No?. 1 6, 11) on ' Improving Land by Marie,' a third (vol. ii. No. 1), ' A Token for Shij>-Boyes : or plain sailing made more plain,' &c, and a fourth (vol. ii. No. 4), on ' Improvement of Mossie Land by Burning and Liming.' Besides the animadversions on 'Julian,' a treatise on kneeling at the Lord's Supper (16S2)