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Scots parliament down to 1548, and in 1548 was sent to England with David Panter [q. v.] to convey the ratification of Scotland's inclusion in a treaty of Campe between France and England (Act of Scots Parl. ii. 451, &c.; Fœdera, xv. 93). May 1547 he was again accredited to England, this time by Mary of Guise herself (Thorpe, Calendar, i. 63). More than a year later he was with the army besieging the English in Haddington, and about the beginning of July received a wound in the head from which he seems to have died (ib. i. 90).

[Acts of the Scots Parliament; Rymer's Fœdera, original edit.; Calendar of Letters and Papers of the Reign of Henry VIII, ed. Brewer and Gairdner; State Papers of the Reign of Henry VIII, ed. by the Record Commission; Thorpe's Calendar of State Papers relating to Scotland, 1509–1560; Sadler Papers, ed. Sir Walter Scott; Hamilton Papers, ed. Jos. Bain; Diurnal of Remarkable Occurrents, 1514–75, and Lesley's History of Scotland (both published by the Bannatyne Club).]

J. T-t.

OTTHEN, D'OTTHEN, or D'OTHON, HIPPOCRATES (d. 1611), physician, was descended of a noble family of Otthens in Alsace, but was educated and became doctor of medicine at the university of Montpellier, France. He came to England in the train of his futher, the emperor’s physician, who had been summoned by Queen Elizabeth. Pressed into the service of the Earl of Leicester, ‘who desired him to pertain unto him,' he continued in the latter's service for many years, both at home and in the Low Countries. He was admitted a licentiate of the Royal College of Physicians on 4 July 1589, being described as ‘vir doctus et practicator bonus.' On the death of Leicester he entered the service of the Earl of Essex, and, by Elizabeth's command, attended him in the wars of France and the expedition to Cadiz. After his return to England he was ordered by Elizabeth to attend Mountjoy in Ireland. He subsequently accompanied, in the same capacity of phyaician, the Earl of Hertford, the English ambassador to the Archduke of Austria. The rest of his life was spent in private practice. On 12 June 1609 he was incorporated M.D. at Oxford. He died on 3 Nov. 1611, and was buried in the church of St. Clement Danes, London, where a monument, with inscription, was erected to his memory on the south aide of the chancel (see Stow, Survey of London, iv. 113). Otthen married Dorothy, a daughter of Roger Drew of Densworth in Sussex, esquire. After his death she married Sir Stephen Thomhurst of Kent, and died on 12 June 1620, aged 55. She was buried in Canterbury Cathedral, where a monument was erected to her memory.

[The inscription referred to supra and Munk's Coll. of Phys.; Stow's Survey, iv. 113 (1720 edit.); Foster's Alumni Oxon.; Wood's Fasti. Oxon. i. 335.]

W. A. S.

OTTLEY, WILLIAM YOUNG (1771–1836), writer on art and amateur artist, born near Thatcham, Berkshire, on 6 Aug. 1771, was the son of an officer in the guards. He became a pupil of George Cuit or Cuitt the elder [q. v.], and studied in the Royal Academy schools. In 1791 he went to Italy, and stayed there ten years, studying art and collecting pictures, drawings, and engravings. On his return he became a leading authority on matters of taste, and assisted collectors in the purchase of works of art and the formation of picture galleries. His own fine collection of drawings by old Italian masters he sold to Sir Thomas Lawrence [q. v.] for 8,000l. It formed the principal part of the magnificent collection of that artist, the dispersion of which, at his death, was a cause for national regret. But Ottley is chiefly known as a writer on art, and by the series of finely illustrated works which he published. He began in 1805 with the first part of ‘The Italian School of Design,’ a series of etchings by himself, after drawings by the old masters. The second part was published in 1813 and the third in 1823, when the whole work was issued in one volume. In 1816 he published an ‘Inquiry into the Origin and Early History of Engraving on Copper and Wood,’ which was followed by four folio volumes of engravings of ‘The Stafford Gallery.’ In 1826 came ‘A Series of Plates after the Early Florentine Artists.’ Two volumes followed in 1826–8 of facsimiles, by himself, of prints and etchings by masters of the Italian and other schools. In 1831 he published ‘Notices of Engravers and their Works;’ the commencement of a dictionary of artists, which he decided not to continue; and in 1863, after his death, appeared ‘An Inquiry into the Invention of Printing,’ which may be regarded as a companion to his work on the origin of engraving. Besides these works, he published in 1801 a catalogue of Italian pictures, which he had acquired during his stay in Italy from the Colonna, Borghese, and Corsini Palaces; ‘A Descriptive Catalogue of the Pictures in the National Gallery,’ 1826; and ‘Observations on a MS. in the British Museum,’ a controversy concerning Cicero's translation of an astronomical poem by Aratus.

In 1833 Ottley appeared for the first and last time as an exhibitor at the Royal Aca-