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sophical Letters’ and others, both volumes edited by Dr. Edwin Lankester [q. v.]

In addition to several papers in the ‘Philosophical Transactions,’ vols. iv.–xx., on sap, spontaneous generation, the macreuse, &c., and others of which little more than the titles are given, Ray's works are: 1. ‘Catalogus Plantarum circa Cantabrigiam nascentium,’ Cambridge, 1660, 12mo. 2. ‘Appendix ad Catalogum,’ Cambridge, 1663, 12mo; 2nd ed. 1685. 3. ‘A Collection of English Proverbs … by J. R., M.A.,’ Cambridge, 1670, 8vo; 2nd ed., with ‘an appendix of Hebrew proverbs,’ 1678; 3rd ed., ‘with a collection of English words not generally used,’ and ‘an account of the … refining such metals and minerals as are gotten in England,’ 1737; reissue, 1742; 4th ed. 1768; 5th ed., revised by J. Balfour, 1813; republished as ‘A Handbook of Proverbs,’ by H. G. Bohn, 1855. 4. ‘Catalogus Plantarum Angliæ,’ London, 1670, 12mo; 2nd ed., enlarged, 1677. 5. ‘Observations … made on a Journey through Part of the Low Countries, Germany, Italy, and France, with a Catalogue of Plants not native of England,’ and an ‘Account of Francis Willughby Esq. his Voyage through a great part of Spain,’ London, 1673, 8vo; the catalogue in Latin with a separate title, ‘Catalogus Stirpium in Externis Regionibus,’ also issued separately; 2nd ed. as vol. ii. of Dr. John Harris's ‘Navigantium Bibliotheca,’ 1705, fol.; another as ‘Travels through the Low Countries,’ 1738. 6. ‘A Collection of English Words not generally used … in two Alphabetical Catalogues, the one … Northern, the other … Southern, with Catalogues of English Birds and Fishes, with an Account of the preparing and refining such Metals and Minerals as are gotten in England,’ London, 1674, 12mo; 2nd ed. 1691; afterwards mostly incorporated in the ‘Collection of Proverbs.’ 7. ‘Dictionariolum Trilingue … nominibus Anglicis, Latinis, Græcis, ordine parallēlōs dispositis,’ London, 1675, 8vo; 2nd ed. 1685; 3rd ed. 1689; 5th ed. as ‘Nomenclator Classicus sive Dictionariolum,’ 1706; another ed., Dublin, 1715; 6th ed. London, 1717; 7th ed. 1726; 8th ed. Dublin, 1735. 8. ‘Francisci Willughbeii … Ornithologiæ libri tres … recognovit, digessit, supplevit Joannes Raius,’ London, 1676, fol.; in English, ‘enlarged with many additions throughout,’ 1678. 9. ‘Methodus Plantarum nova,’ London, 1682, 8vo; 2nd ed. ‘emendata et aucta,’ Leyden, 1703. 10. ‘Francisci Willughbeii … de Historia Piscium libri quatuor … recognovit … librum etiam primum et secundum integros adjecit Johannes Raius,’ Oxford, 1686, fol. 11. ‘Historia Plantarum,’ vol. i. London, 1686, vol. ii. 1688, vol. iii. 1704, fol. 12. ‘Fasciculus Stirpium Britannicarum,’ London, 1688, 8vo, pp. 27. 13. ‘Synopsis Methodica Stirpium Britannicarum,’ London, 1690, 8vo; 2nd ed. 1696; 3rd ed., by J. J. Dillenius, 1724. 14. ‘The Wisdom of God manifested in the Works of the Creation,’ London, 1691, 8vo; 2nd ed. ‘much augmented,’ 1692; 3rd ed. 1701; 4th ed. 1704; 5th ed. 1709; 7th ed. 1717; 9th ed. 1727; 10th ed. 1735; 12th ed. 1759; others in 1762, at Edinburgh in 1798, and in 1827. 15. ‘Miscellaneous Discourses concerning the Dissolution and Changes of the World,’ London, 1692, 8vo; 2nd ed. as ‘Three Physico-Theological Discourses,’ 1693; 3rd ed. by William Derham, 1713; 4th ed. 1721; 4th ed. ‘corrected,’ 1732. 16. ‘Synopsis Methodica Animalium Quadrupedum et Serpentini generis,’ London, 1693, 8vo. 17. ‘A Collection of Curious Travels and Voyages,’ London, 1693, 2 vols. 8vo. 18. ‘Stirpium Europæarum extra Britannias nascentium Sylloge,’ London, 1694, 8vo. 19. ‘De variis Plantarum Methodis Dissertatio,’ London, 1696, 12mo, pp. 48. 20. ‘A Persuasive to a Holy Life,’ London, 1700, 8vo; 2nd ed. 1719; another, Glasgow, 1745, 12mo. 21. ‘Methodus Insectorum,’ London, 1705, 8vo, pp. 16. 22. ‘Historia Insectorum … Opus posthumum,’ with an ‘Appendix de Scarabæis Britannicis,’ by Martin Lister, London, 1710, 4to. 23. ‘Synopsis Methodica Avium et Piscium,’ London, 1713, 8vo. 24. ‘Philosophical Letters between … Mr. Ray and … his Correspondents,’ collected by Dr. Derham, London, 1718, 8vo; reprinted in part, with additional letters to Sloane, under the title, ‘Correspondence of John Ray,’ edited by Edwin Lankester, M.D., for the Ray Society, London, 1848. 25. ‘Select Remains … with his Life by Dr. Derham, published by George Scott,’ London, 1760; reprinted, with additions, as ‘Memorials of John Ray,’ for the Ray Society, London.

[Ray's works, especially the prefaces; the manuscripts of his letters and itineraries in the botanical department of the British Museum, and in Sloane MS. 4056; Derham's Life in the Select Remains, 1760; Pulteney's Sketches of the Progress of Botany; Rees's Cyclopædia, notice by Sir J. E. Smith; Boulger's Life and Work of John Ray; Transactions of the Essex Field Club, vol. iv. (1886), and Domestic Life of John Ray, Proceedings of the Essex Field Club, vol. iv. (1892); Fitch's John Ray as an Entomologist, ib.]

G. S. B.

RAY, MARTHA (d. 1779), mistress of John Montagu, fourth earl of Sandwich. [See under Hackman, James.]