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until his retirement on 20 Dec. 1883. He possessed a most exact and comprehensive knowledge of prints, and of their commercial value. Great additions were made to the national collection during his tenure of office as keeper, the most important of which were the Henderson bequest of watercolour drawings, comprising 164 fine examples of the work of Turner, Girtin, David Cox, William James Müller, Canaletto, and John Robert Cozens; the Crace collection of maps, plans, and views of London; the Hawkins collection of English satirical prints; the Slade bequest of engravings; the Anderson collection of Japanese and Chinese drawings; the collection of proofs and prints of Turner's ‘Liber Studiorum,’ formed by John Pye; Hollar's great view of Cologne; and the series of six plates of the Triumphs of Petrarch, ascribed to Fra Filippo Lippi, all in the earliest states, which were formerly in the Sunderland Library at Blenheim.

Several valuable departmental catalogues were prepared under his supervision, and he caused to be printed and published, besides some exhibition guides, the ‘Catalogue of Political and Personal Satires,’ by Mr. F. G. Stephens, in four volumes, 1870–83; the ‘Descriptive Catalogue of Playing and other Cards,’ by Dr. W. H. Willshire, 1876; the ‘Descriptive Catalogue of Early Prints in the British Museum: German and Flemish Schools,’ also by Dr. Willshire, in two volumes, 1879–83. He likewise selected the examples for the two parts of reproductions of ‘Italian Prints’ issued in 1882–3.

Reid's chief non-official work was a ‘Descriptive Catalogue of the Works of George Cruikshank,’ in three quarto volumes, 1871; but he also wrote introductions and descriptive text to ‘Designs for Goldsmiths, Jewellers, &c., by Hans Holbein,’ twenty photographs from the original drawings in the British Museum, published by the Arundel Society in 1869; ‘A Reproduction of the Salamanca Collection of Prints from Nielli,’ 1869; ‘Albert Dürer and Lucas van Leyden,’ a catalogue of works exhibited at the Burlington Fine Arts Club, 1869; ‘Titian Portraits,’ 1871; ‘Gems of Dutch Art,’ 1872; and ‘Works of the Italian Engravers of the Fifteenth Century, reproduced in facsimile by photo-intaglio,’ 1884, of which the first series only was ever published. He also drew up the catalogue of the prints and etchings in the Dyce collection, South Kensington Museum, and a catalogue in manuscript of the Duke of Devonshire's collection of prints and drawings at Chatsworth, as well as the sale catalogues of the Julian Marshall and other collections of engravings.

Reid died at Heathfield Park, Willesden Green, near London, on 20 Oct. 1887, after a lengthened period of depression and of bad health.

[Times, 26 Oct. 1887; Athenæum, 1887, ii. 573; Academy, 1887, ii. 325.]

R. E. G.

REID, HUGO (1809–1872), educational writer, born at Edinburgh on 21 June 1809, was third son of Dr. Peter Reid, by Christian, eldest daughter of Hugo Arnot [q. v.], historian of Edinburgh, and younger brother of David Boswell Reid [q. v.] He was a good classical scholar, but was best known in the Scottish capital as an able chemist, mechanician, and writer of popular educational handbooks. He was for some years president of the Hunterian Society of Edinburgh, and afterwards lecturer on chemistry and natural philosophy at the High School, Liverpool. In 1858 he went to the United States, migrated thence to Nova Scotia, and for some years held the post of principal of Dalhousie College, Halifax. He died in London on 13 June 1872. He married, in 1839, Marion, eldest daughter of James Kirkland, a Glasgow merchant, by whom he left one daughter. Reid published, besides ‘Catechisms’ of chemistry (1837), of heat (1840), and of astronomy (1841), and elementary text-books on geography (1849), physical geography (1850), arithmetic (1853), and mathematics (1872): 1. ‘Outlines of Medical Botany,’ Edinburgh, 1832, 12mo; 2nd edit. enlarged, 1839. 2. ‘Tabular Views of Botanical Classifications,’ Edinburgh, 1833, 8vo. 3. ‘Popular Treatise on Chemistry: I. Chemistry of Nature’ (all published), Glasgow, 1834, 12mo; reprinted Edinburgh, 1837. 4. ‘Science of Botany,’ Glasgow, 1837, 18mo; Edinburgh, 1838; sixth thousand, 1840. 5. ‘The Steam Engine,’ 1828, 12mo; other edit. 1840 and 1851. 6. ‘Remarks on Arago's Statements on the Steam-engine,’ 1840, 8vo. 7. ‘Chemistry of Science and Art,’ Edinburgh, 1840, 12mo; 2nd edit. 1848. 8. ‘Natural Philosophy: Book I. Pneumatics,’ Edinburgh, 1841, 8vo. 9. ‘Elements of Astronomy,’ Edinburgh, 1842, 12mo; 2nd edit. 1852; 3rd edit. 1856; 4th edit., by A. Mackay, 1874, 8vo. 10. ‘What should be done for the People? An Appeal to the Electors of the United Kingdom,’ London, 1848, 8vo. 11. ‘A System of Modern Geography,’ Edinburgh, 1852, 8vo; 3rd edit. 1857. 12. ‘The Principles of Education,’ 1853–4, 12mo. 13. ‘On Mathematical Geography and easy Methods of teaching it’ (a Society of Arts Lecture), London, 1854, 8vo. 14. ‘The Solar System,’ London, 1854, a folio sheet. 15. ‘Mental Arithme-