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bert, eldest son of Francis Sandford [q. v.] On the death of his father, his mother removed to Bath in 1770, and young Sandford was educated at the grammar school there. After receiving some private tuition at Bristol he matriculated as a commoner at Christ Church, Oxford, on 26 Nov. 1783, under Dr. Cyril Jackson, and was preferred to a studentship by the bishop of Oxford. In 1787 he won the college prize for Latin composition, and graduated B.A. He proceeded M.A. in 1791 and D.D. in 1802. In 1790 he was admitted to deacon's orders, and served curacies at Sunbury and Hanworth. In 1792 he removed to Edinburgh, where he opened an episcopal chapel. It was attended by English families residing in the city. In 1818 he removed to St. John's, the leading Scottish episcopal church in Edinburgh. On 9 Feb. 1806 he was consecrated bishop of Edinburgh, in succession to Dr. Abernethy Drummond. The appointment of an English presbyter to an episcopate in Scotland was viewed by many with suspicion, and provoked much discussion. But the appointment was in every way a success. As a member of the episcopal college he was regarded by his brother prelates with affection and respect, and he rendered valuable assistance in the preparation of the canons by which the episcopal church of Scotland is governed. He died at Edinburgh, after many years of feeble health, on 14 Jan. 1830, and was buried in the ground adjoining his chapel. On 11 Oct. 1790 he married Helen Frances Catherine (d. 1837), eldest daughter of Erskine Douglas, son of Sir William Douglas, bart., of Kelhead. He had three sons and four daughters. The eldest son, Erskine Douglas (1793–1861), was sheriff of Galloway. The second and third sons, Sir Daniel Keyte [q. v.] and John (1801–1873) [q. v.], are noticed separately.

Sandford was the author of: 1. ‘ Lectures on Passion Week,’ 1797, Edinburgh, 8vo; 2nd ed. 1821, Edinburgh, 12mo; 3rd ed. 1826, Edinburgh, 12mo. 2. ‘Sermons chiefly for young Persons,’ 1802, Edinburgh, 12mo. 3. ‘Sermons preached in St. John's Chapel,’ 1819, Edinburgh, 8vo. 4. ‘Remains,’ 2 vols. 1830, Edinburgh, 8vo. He also contributed articles to the ‘Classical Journal.’

[Memoir prefixed to Remains, written by Archdeacon Sandford; Foster's Alumni Oxon. 1715–1886; Gent. Mag. 1830; Burke's Landed Gentry.]

G. S-h.

SANDFORD, Sir DANIEL KEYTE (1798–1838), professor of Greek in the university of Glasgow, born at Edinburgh on 3 Feb. 1798, was second son of Daniel Sandford [q. v.], bishop of Edinburgh, and brother of John Sandford [q. v.] After a distinguished career at the high school of Edinburgh, in 1817 he was entered at Christ Church, Oxford, matriculating 23 Jan., and graduating B.A. in 1820 with a first class in literis humanioribus, M.A. in 1825, and D.C.L. in 1833. In 1821 he gained the chancellor's prize for an essay on the ‘Study of Modern History.’ In September 1821, in defiance of the test law—he was an episcopalian—he was appointed to succeed Professor Young in the Greek chair of Glasgow University, and, ‘although only twenty-three years of age, he succeeded by skill and enthusiasm in awakening a love for Greek literature far beyond the bounds of his university.’ During the agitation about the ‘catholic claims’ he hurried to Oxford in 1829 to vote for Sir Robert Peel, and was rewarded with a knighthood on 27 Oct. 1830. At the time of the Reform Bill he abandoned Greek for politics, and made many brilliant speeches in the bill's favour at public meetings. On the passing of the bill he contested Glasgow city unsuccessfully in 1832; but in 1834 he was elected M.P. for Paisley. His appearances in the House of Commons were failures, his rhetoric, which had won admiration at the university, exciting only derision there. ‘His politics were not self-consistent; he was a disciple of Hume in finance, and of Goulburn in antipathy to Jewish claims.’ In 1835 he resigned his seat and returned to Glasgow, where he died of typhus fever, after a week's illness, on 4 Feb. 1838. He was buried at Rothesay.

Sandford married, in 1823, Henrietta Cecilia, only daughter of John Charnock. She died on 12 Feb. 1878. He had three sons and seven daughters. All the sons distinguished themselves. The eldest, Francis Richard John, lord Sandford of Sandford [q. v.], is separately noticed. The second was Sir Herbert Bruce (see infra), and the third, Daniel Fox, LL.D. (b. 1831), was bishop of Tasmania in 1883, and assistant bishop in the diocese of Durham in 1889.

Sandford wrote numerous Greek translations and brilliant papers in ‘Blackwood’ and articles in the ‘Edinburgh Review.’ He was a colleague of Thomas Thomson, M.D., and Allan Cunningham in the editorship of the ‘Popular Encyclopædia.’ Besides ‘Greek Rules and Exercises’ and ‘Exercises from Greek Authors,’ written for the use of his class, and ‘Introduction to the Writing of Greek’ (1826, Edinburgh, 8vo), Sandford translated ‘The Greek Grammar of Frederick Thiersch’ (1830, Edinburgh, 8vo), and