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S. Moore, and others). Sandford received from the king 300l. on account of this superb book (Guy, Secret-service Payments, pp. 106, 162). The work is said to have been chiefly compiled by Gregory King, who was rewarded with one-third of the profit. As the Revolution took place in 1688, there was no time to dispose of the copies, so that Sandford and King only just cleared the expenses, which amounted to nearly 600l. Commendatory verses by Sandford are prefixed to Sylvanus Morgan's ‘Sphere of Gentry,’ 1661, and Sandford's ‘Pedigrees of Shropshire Families’ are in Brit. Mus. Addit. MS. 28616.

[Addit. MS. 29563, f. 116; Foster's Alumni Oxon. 1500–1714, iv. 1311; Gent. Mag. 1793, i. 515; Noble's College of Arms, pp. 293, 294, 313, 322; Moule's Bibl. Herald. pp. 166, 171, 180, 202, 233, 267; Walpole's Anecd. of Painting, ed. Wornum, iii. 169; Ware's Writers of Ireland, ed. Harris, p. 252.]

T. C.

SANDFORD, FRANCIS RICHARD JOHN, first Lord Sandford (1824–1893), eldest son of Sir Daniel Keyte Sandford [q. v.], was born on 14 May 1824, and spent some years in the high school of Glasgow and the Grange School, an institution of repute kept by a Dr. Cowan at Sunderland. Thence he passed successively to the university of Glasgow, and, as Snell exhibitioner, to Balliol College, Oxford, where he matriculated, 10 March 1842. At Oxford he obtained a first class in the school of literæ humaniores (B.A. 1846, and M.A. 1858). In 1848 he entered the education office. In that office, with an interval in 1862, when he acted as organising secretary to the International Exhibition, and another from 1868 to 1870, in which he was assistant under-secretary in the colonial office, he remained until 1884. During the last fourteen years of this period he was, as secretary, the permanent head of the office, and performed work of the greatest value in the organisation of the national system of education created by Mr. Forster's act of 1870. He acted at the same time as secretary to the Scottish education department and to the science and art department, then combining duties which since his period of office have been discharged by separate officials. The work he performed in these capacities was appreciated by statesmen of all political parties. In 1884 he became a charity commissioner under the London Parochial Charities Act. In 1885 he acted as vice-chairman of the boundary commissioners under the Redistribution of Seats Act, and in the same year he became the first under-secretary for Scotland. He held that office until 1887. He was knighted in 1862, became C.B. in 1871, and K.C.B. in 1879; was created a privy councillor in 1885, and was called to the House of Lords as Lord Sandford of Sandford in 1891. The entail of the estate of Sandford in Shropshire, which has been owned by the family for eight hundred years, passed to him in 1892. He died on 31 Dec. 1893. He married, 1 Aug. 1849, Margaret, daughter of Robert Findlay, esq., of Botwich Castle, Dumbartonshire. He left no issue.

[Private information; Burke's Peerage and Landed Gentry; Men of the Time.]

H. C.

SANDFORD, FULK de (d. 1271), also called Fulk de Basset, archbishop of Dublin, was the nephew of Sir Philip Basset [q. v.], the son of Alan Basset (d. 1233), lord of Wycombe. He is more often called ‘Sandford’ than ‘Basset,’ though Matthew Paris (Hist. Major, v. 591) describes him solely as Basset, and the ‘Tewkesbury Annals’ (Ann. Mon. i. 159) as ‘Fulk Basset’ or ‘de Samford.’ Luard, Paris's editor, suspected that Paris had simply confused Fulk de Sandford with Fulk Basset [q. v.], bishop of London; but the fact of his relationship to the great Basset house is clearly brought out by a letter of Alexander IV, dated 13 June 1257, in which the pope grants ‘Philip called Basset’ a dispensation to marry ‘Ela, countess of Warwick,’ on ‘the signification of his nephew, the Archbishop of Dublin’ (Bliss, Cal. of Papal Letters, i. 345–6). It seems certain that Fulk was an illegitimate son of one or other of Philip's brothers, either Gilbert Basset (d. 1241) [q. v.] or Fulk Basset, bishop of London, but whether of the knight or the bishop there seems no evidence to determine. There was a Richard de Sandford, a prebendary of St. Paul's in 1241 (Newcourt, Repert. Eccles. Lond. i. 198), and John de Sandford [q. v.] archbishop of Dublin, was Fulk Sandford's brother, and is known to be illegitimate (Bliss, Cal. Papal Letters, i. 479). In April 1244, before his own consecration, Bishop Fulk Basset appointed Fulk Sandford to the archdeaconry of Middlesex (Newcourt, i. 78). Fulk was also prebendary of Ealdland in St. Paul's Cathedral, and is described in two letters of Alexander IV both as treasurer of St. Paul's and as chancellor of St. Paul's (Hist. MSS. Comm. 10th Rep. App. v. 207; Cal. Papal Letters, i. 345; cf. Le Neve, ii. 352).

On the death of Archbishop Luke of Dublin, Ralph de Norwich [q. v.] was elected as his successor by the two chapters of Dublin, and Henry III approved of his choice. But Alexander IV quashed the election and appointed Fulk de Sandford, who was accidentally at the papal court (Flores Hist. ii. 416). On 20 July he is already