Open main menu

Page:Dictionary of National Biography volume 53.djvu/476

This page has been proofread, but needs to be validated.

a number of sailors to make a contribution in Stepney church,’ presumably to the royalist cause. Next month he vainly petitioned the House of Commons for release (Lysons, Environs of London, iii. 443, from ‘The Perfect Diurnal,’ August 1642). After thirty-four weeks' imprisonment he made shift to get to Oxford during the next year, and his case was laid before the king. Thereupon Falkland was sent to the vice-chancellor with orders to cause the degree of D.D. to be conferred upon him. He was also made chaplain to the Prince of Wales. Meanwhile he had been sequestered by the Westminster assembly from his living of Stepney, where, owing to his zealous loyalism, he had been in danger of his life. He followed the Prince of Wales when he left the country, and also acted as chaplain to Elizabeth, queen of Bohemia. He was a frequent preacher among the protestants at Charenton. Afterwards he removed to The Hague, whence in 1650 he addressed to his old parishioners at Stepney ‘A Treatise of Spiritual Infatuation, being the present visible Disease of the English Nation,’ the substance of several sermons delivered there. Another edition is dated 1653. According to George Morley [q. v.], bishop of Winchester, Stampe died of fever at The Hague, and was buried in the church of Loesdune in the same year.

Stampe published several sermons preached before the king at Oxford. ‘A Vindication of the Liturgy of the Church of England,’ written by him, was not printed.

[Wood's Athenæ Oxon. (Bliss) iii. 347–8; Foster's Alumni Oxon. 1500–1714; Macleane's Hist. Pembroke Coll. Oxford (Oxf. Hist. Soc.), p. 244; Brit. Mus. Cat.; Cal. of Clarendon Papers, ii. 336–7, 346, 369.]

G. Le G. N.

STANBRIDGE, JOHN (1463–1510), grammarian, was born at Heyford in Northamptonshire in 1463. In 1475, at the age of twelve, he was admitted scholar of Winchester school (Kirby, p. 83). He then entered New College, Oxford, and was admitted fellow, after two years' probation, in 1481. Thence he was appointed usher of the newly founded school of St. Mary Magdalen, of which John Anwykyll was the first headmaster; and on Anwykyll's death, in the winter of 1487, Stanbridge succeeded him in his office. This he held till 1494. Among his scholars was Robert Whittington or Whitinton [q. v.] On 22 April 1501, being then M.A. and in holy orders, he was collated by Bishop William Smith [q. v.] of Lincoln to the mastership of the hospital of St. John at Banbury, of the grammar school of which place his brother, or near relative, Thomas Stanbridge, who was B.A. 1511 and M.A. 1518, was about this time master. On 8 Feb. 1507 he was instituted to the rectory of Winwick, near Gainsborough, and on 3 Aug. (so Le Neve; Bloxam says 30 Aug.) 1509 he was collated to the prebend of Botolph in the cathedral of Lincoln. He died in the autumn of 1510. Wood's statement that he survived till 1522, or later, may perhaps be due to a confusion between him and Thomas Stanbridge. A curious print of John Stanbridge, from the Gulston collection, is reproduced in Beesley's ‘History of Banbury.’ A portrait, which Bromley styles ‘imaginary,’ is prefixed to the ‘Vocabularium Metricum’ (1552).

The wide reputation of John Stanbridge's grammars, and of the method of teaching in Banbury school, where Sir Thomas Pope (1507?–1559) [q. v.] was a scholar, is shown by the directions for their imitation given in many ancient school statutes, notably in those of the Merchant Taylors' school, and of Cuckfield, Sussex.

Stanbridge wrote: 1. ‘Vocabula;’ numerous editions were printed by Wynkyn de Worde (1500 and onwards), Pynson, John Byddell, and others (Ames, Typogr. Antiq. ed. Herbert, 1785, pp. 136 sqq.); revised and enlarged by later editors, notably by Thomas Newton in 1615, and by John Brinsley in 1630; it was known under the new titles of ‘Vocabularium Metricum,’ ‘Embrion,’ ‘Embryon Relimatum.’ 2. ‘Vulgaria,’ of which there is an edition by Wynkyn de Worde, dated 1508. It consists of only four leaves. The contents are lists of Latin words, names of the parts of the body, &c., arranged in the form of Latin hexameters, for committal to memory, with the English equivalents in smaller type above. 3. ‘Sum, es, fui, of Stanbridge.’ There is an edition by Pynson, in eight leaves, undated, but about 1515. The contents are the same as those of 4. 4. ‘Gradus cōparationū cū verbis anormalis;’ an undated edition by Wynkyn de Worde is extant in eight leaves (1525?); and the dates of others are given by Herbert. It is in English, in the form of question and answer. 5. ‘Accidentia.’ An edition by Wynkyn de Worde, of sixteen leaves, is undated, but conjectured in the British Museum Catalogue to be of 1530. It is a catechism in English on the parts of Latin speech, and has at the end a few rules, also in English, for Latin composition. This last seems to have been expanded into (6) ‘Paruulorum Institutio,’ of which there is an edition printed by John Butler, but without date. It begins, ‘What is to be done whan an Englyshe is gyuen to be made in Latyn?’