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WHO PERPETRATED THE WAR?

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guerre, la verrait sans grand regret. En tout cas rien ne m'a indiqué qu'elle coniribue activement à travailler dans le sens d'un compromis. Or, le compromis, c'est la paix, en dehors d'un compromis—c'est la guerre!" The Russian Ambassador wrote: "La situation, telle que j'ai pu l'observer, me parait être que toutes les Puissances travaillent en réalité à la paix. Mais de toutes, c'est la France qui accepterait la guerre avec le plus de philosophie. La France, comme il a été, c'est reprise. Elle a, à tort ou à raison, confiance complète en son armée; le vieux levain de rancune reparaît; elle pourrait bien juger les circonstances plus favorables aujourd'hui qu'elles ne le seraient plus tard."

A certain discussion seemed also to point to France's warlike aims. This conversation took place a few weeks before the perpetration of the murder in Serajevo, between Karolyi and the President of the Republic, Poincaré, the substance of which I learnt from Karolyi personally during the last weeks of the war. Poincaré tried to persuade Karolyi to induce Hungary to change her alliance, and to come in on the side of the Entente in the war which the President expected in 1915. If Hungary decided to desert the German-Alliance and Austria, Poincaré promised him complete independence. The President also pointed out that Germany could not be victorious in the war, as Italy would desert the Alliance.

The above shows that France had regarded the war as inevitable, and the catastrophe was dreaded less and