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175
IN ARABIA.

SECTION XIV.

The invasion and conquest of Hamyar by the Persians, afforded a pretext for continuing the wars between the king and the Romans; the latter complained of the hostility of the Persians towards their ally the king of Ethiopia, and the Persians easily found causes for complaints in return.[1] In the beginning of the reign of Maurice this war was not ended,[2] and the Saracens still attended the Roman army for the purpose of reconnoitring the enemy, and making incursions into his territories;[3] but they began to be the subject of great distrust, on account of their inconstancy and faithlessness.[4] A continued peace lasted during the reign of Khosroës Parviz, who, on the usurpation of Baharam, had been escorted through the desert by the Arab chiefs[5] to the territory of Rome, and had recovered the throne of his ancestors by the assistance of

  1. Theophylact. Symocatta, Hist. lib. iii. c. 9.
  2. Theophylact. lib. i. cc. 9, 12, 13, et seq. lib. ii. c. 1, &c.
  3. Id. lib. ii. c. 10.
  4. Απιστοτατον γαρ και αλλοπροσαλλον το Σαρακηνικον φυλον καθεστηκε, παγιον τε τον νουν και την γνωμην προς το σωφρον ἱδυμενην ουκ εχον. Theophylact. lib. iii. c. 17.
  5. Nikbi ben Massoud, in the Notices et Extraits de la Bibliothèque du Roi, tom. ii. p. 354, et seq.