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Page:Folk-lore - A Quarterly Review. Volume 17, 1906.djvu/190

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Native Tribes of South-East Australia.

The relationship of tippa-malku will be considered later on.

Urabunna.

Marital terms include
Nupa
and
F. Husband, husband's brothers, sister's husband.
M. Wife, wife's sisters, brother's wife.
Piraungaru. F. A certain number amongst the Nupa men who in addition to the special Nupa man to which she has been allotted have access to her.
M. A certain number amongst the nupa women to whom in addition to the nupa woman or women who have been specially allotted to him he has access.
These piraungaru women are allotted to men on special occasions and after that the men have access to them. They are women who are nupa to the men.

If the Dieri terms, noa, tippa-malku, and pirrauru, are inserted instead of those in Urabunna, the above description would be fairly applicable to the Dieri.

Messrs. Spencer and Gillen describe a series of tribes of which the Arunta is the type, extending from the Urabunna almost to the Gulf of Carpentaria. An inspection of the lists of terms of relationships given by those authors shows that the marital terms have the same meaning though in different words. I shall therefore only quote the first and last of the series.

Arunta.

Marital term include
M. Wife, wife's sisters, brother's wife.
Unawa. F. Husband, husband's brothers, sister's husband.

In the Arunta there are four classes in the southern part of the tribe and eight in the north, and descent is counted in the male line.