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INTRODUCTION.

traversed the whole remaining distance in a single day in summer, and in a day and a hall in winter. The charge for this was i IK*. 6J. In these sums were not included the payments to the drivers and guards. The " Newcastle Fly " ran six times a week, starting from London an hour after midnight. The " Edinburgh Fly " ran only on ruesdays, Thursdays, and Saturdays. A traveller then who lost no time on the road, leaving London at one o'clock on Sunday night, would in the summer-time reach Edinburgh by Thursday evening, and in the winter alter mid-day on Friday. 1 Even the mail which was carried on horse -back, and went tive times a week, took in good weather about S^ hours. 5 The news of the battle of Culloden. though it was forwarded by an express, was seven days all but two or three hours in reaching London.' There were men living in 18.14 who recollected when the mail came down with only one single letter for Edinburgh.* By 1793 a great acceleration had been effected in the coach-service. It was possible, so the proud boast ran, to leave Edinburgh alter morning service on Sunday, spend a whole day in London, and be back again by six o'clock on Saturday morning.' The wean, traveller would have had to pass every night in the coach. By the year i Soo the journey was done from London to Edinburgh in nfry-eight hours, and from Edin- burgh to London in sixty and a half/ But such annihilation of time and space, as no doubt this rapid rate of travelling was then called, was not dreamed of in Johnson's day. The capitals of Engiand and Scotland still stood widely apart. It was wholly "a Scotch scene " wr.xrh the English traveller saw. and ~ independent and ideas and pursuits'" caught his attention.* Neverthe- ir. one respect Edinburgh, as I have already said, teh strongly

rr._>ence of England. In its literature and its language it was
  • abvYxxts!y tanning itself on the English modeL There had been

a long period during which neither learning nor literature had shone :n Scotland with any brightness of tight. Since the days oi~ the great cisssxal scholars not a single tamous author had been seen. There had been "tanking candtes" from rime to rime, bnt . ^ > The two countries were under the same

jLecjtm* 'ii' "j-i SJbOk. i. 77.

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