The birth rate remained low (12.6 live births per 1 000 population in 2010 to 8.6 in 2014). Moreover, according to the total fertility rate, 1 000 women in 2014 would bear, on average, 1 235 children in their lifetime as compared with 1 127 children in 2010.
In 2014, the death rate was 6.2 per 1 000 population. The expectation of life at birth was 81.2 years for males and 86.7 years for females, compared against the corresponding figures of 80.1 and 86.0 years in 2010.
There was a decline in the infant mortality rate from 1.7 per 1 000 live births in 2010 to 1.6 in 2014. The decline reflected a continual improvement in maternal and child health services.
Education: The educational level of the population of Hong Kong has improved appreciably over the past 5 years. The following table compares the educational attainment of the population aged 15 and over for 2010 and 2014:
|Educational attainment||% of population aged 15 and over|
|Primary and below||22.1||19.6|
|Monthly household income ($)||% of total|
|100,000 and over||4.7|
Labour Force Participation Rate: The size of the total labour force in Hong Kong for 2014 was 3.88 million. This represented 61.1% of the total population aged 15 and over. The following table shows the labour force participation rates of the population by age and sex:
|Age group||Male (%)||Female (%)|
|65 and over||14.3||3.7|
Occupation: The distribution of the employed population in Hong Kong by occupation for 2014 was as follows:
|Occupation[α]||% of the employed|
|Managers and administrators||10.5|
|Clerical support workers||13.8|
|Service and sales workers||16.8|
|Craft and related workers||6.7|
|Plant and machine operators and assemblers||4.7|
Housing: The distribution of the land-based non-institutional population of Hong Kong by type of housing for 2014 was as follows:
|Type of housing||% of land-based|
|Public rental housing||29.3|
|Subsidised home ownership housing||16.6|
|Private permanent housing||53.5|
The following notes are used in this fact sheet :
There may be a slight discrepancy between the sum of individual items and the total as shown in the tables due to rounding.
- Provisional figures.
- Figures are compiled based on data collected in the General Household Survey from January to December of the year concerned as well as the mid-year population estimates by District Council district compiled jointly by the Census and Statistics Department and an inter-departmental Working Group on Population Distribution Projections. The General Household Survey covers the land-based non-institutional population of Hong Kong.
|Published by the Information Services Department,
Hong Kong Special Administrative Region Government
GovHK Website: http://www.gov.hk
Information contained in this publication may be freely used.
No acknowledgement is necessary.
|Census and Statistics Department Website: