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Page:History of Architecture in All Countries Vol 1.djvu/120

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88
Part I.
EGYPTIAN ARCHITECTURE.

OUTLINE OF EGYPTIAN CHRONOLOGY.


ACCORDING TO MANETHO AND THE MONUMENTS.




OLD KINGDOM OF PYRAMID BUILDERS.

Years. B.C.
1st dynasty, Thinite 252 Accession of Menes, 1st king 3906
2d " " 302
3d " Memphite 214 Ten dynasties of kings, reigning sometimes contemporaneously in Upper and in Lower Egypt; at other times both divisions were united under one king.

The Total duration of their reigns, as nearly as can be estimated, was 1335 years.

4th " " 284
5th " Elephantine 248
6th " Memphite 203
7th " " 70 days?
8th " " 146
9th " Heracleapolite 100?
10th " " 185

FIRST THEBAN KINGDOM.
11th " Thebans 43 Commenced 2571
12th " " 246 over Upper, 188 over Lower Egypt.

SHEPHERD INVASION.
13th " Diospolites 453 Five dynasties of Shepherd or native kings reigning or existing contemporaneously in four series in different parts of Egypt during 511 years.
14th " Xoïte 484
15th " Shepherds 284
16th " Hellenes 518
17th " Shepherds 151

435

GREAT THEBAN KINGDOM.
18th " Theban 393 Over all Egypt 1819
19th " " 194 1436
Exode of Jews, 1312.
20th " " 135 1242
21st " Tanite 130 1107
22d " Bubastite 120 977
Temple of Jerusalem plundered, 972.
23d " Tanite 89 857
24th " Saïte 44 768
25th " Ethiopian 44 724
26th " Saïte 155 680

Persian Invasion under Cambyses 526[1]

  1. The above scheme of Egyptian Chronology was published by me in the "True Principles of Beauty in Art," in 1849; and the data on which it was based were detailed in the Appendix to that work. As there seems to be nothing in the subsequent researches or discoveries which at all invalidates the reasoning on which the table was founded, it is here reproduced in an abridged form as originally set forth.