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generally used as a refrigerant, and also as a gentle laxative. It has been extensively used as an alterative in chronic rheumatic and venereal diseases. I exhibit two preparations:—(1) A liquid extract obtained from the root. Dose one dram in water, or goat's milk, thrice daily. (2) A syrup of the leaves. Dose one to two drams. Both the preparations were made for me by Mr. M. C. Pareira of Bandra, for exhibition at this Congress." (Surgeon Kirtikar at the Pharmacological Section, Melbourne Medical Congress, Australasia. See Proceedings, p. 947-1889.

44. C. Leaeba, D.C. h.f.b.i, I. 102.

Vern.:—Vallur, illar-billar; parwatti (Guj.); vehri (Pb. and Sindhi); Ullar-billar (Sindh).

Habitat:—Drier parts of Western India, the Punjab, Sindh, and the Carnatic valleys,; below Simla, plains of India ascending to 3,000 ft.

Part used:—The whole plant.

A climbing shrub. Branchlets puberulous, long, slender; leaves very variable, linear-oblong, oblong or trapezoid, entire or 3-5-lobed, glabrate, usually obtuse and mucronate; base cuneate, rounded, young, hoary, old, often glaucous on both surfaces. Pedicels 16-14 in. Male flowers fascicled in small sessile clusters in the axils, and on woody tubercles. Females solitary, 1-3, sessile, at the end of short axillary stalks. Drupes dark purple, 11216 in.

Uses:—It is used in Sindh and Afghanistan in the treatment of intermittent fevers and as a substitute for Coccalus Indicus.

45. Pericampylus incanus, Miers. h.f.b.i., i. 102.

Vern.:—Baiak Kanta (B).

Habitat:—Sikkim, Assam, the Khasia hills, Chittagong, throughout the Eastern Peninsula, Malay Peninsula and Archipelago.

A tomentose climbing shrub. Stem cylindrical and grooved. Wood in wedges, separated by broad medullary rays. Branchlets