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JAPANESE WOOD ENGRAVINGS

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"béni yé" of Idzumiya Gonshiro in 1695; (2) Shoyenji, a pink dye imported from China, supposed to be cochineal. It is the principal red in the prints of the best period; (3) Shido or benigara, red oxide of iron, prepared from a native ore; (4) Tan, red oxide of lead, seen in

Japanese Wood Engravings-1895-087.jpg

Fig. 35.—The Tools of the Engraver. From "Japanese Woodcutting" by T. Tokuno.

many prints of the last century: it tends to blacken on exposure; (5) Shiu, vermilion, originally imported from China; (6) Yodo, a cheap carmine imported from Europe, and much used during the last fifty years.