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io s. XIL AUG. 14, 1909.] NOTES AND QUERIES.'


I told him what I had heard. He said at once that this was probably true, for his mules were constantly out of order, and that he would get rid of the papaws. When he told his wife of his intention, the careful housewife said that she should be sorry to lose them, for they were so useful for making a tough fowl tender by rubbing it with the fruit before it was cooked. The fruit is rather pleasant, though, except in strict moderation, it is very unwholesome.

F. NEWMAN. 109, Club Garden Road, Sheffield.

ROYAL INDEPENDENT HANOVERIAN LODGE (10 S. xi. 470). In The London Magazine for October, 1786, there is an account of the institution of the Most Noble Order of Bucks. One of the three lodges, viz., the Royal Hanoverian Lodge, met at " The Horns Tavern," Doctors' Commons. This society or club probably issued the tokens described in Atkins's ' Tradesmen's Tokens of the Eighteenth Century ' ; see p. 80, Nos. 110, 111; p. 141, No. 750; p. 147, No. 823. Doubtless the seal mentioned by MB. CROUCH had its origin in the above club or society. The tokens all have a stag upon them, and some of the mottoes given in The London Magazine occur on the tokens as legends. See also my own ' Notes on the Middlesex Tokens,' p. 10.


Leamington Spa.

DE QUINCEY : QUOTATIONS AND ALLU- SIONS (10 S. xi. 388, 438 ; xii. 95). 4. The west door of Haccombe Chapel, South Devon, has one of these old door-fastenings, con- sisting of a thick bar of wood sliding back in the thickness of the wall. There is a good illustration of it in Mr. John Stabb's recently issued ' Devon Church Antiquities,' vol. i. p. 69. G. L. APPERSON.

HOCKTIDE AT HEXTON (10 S. xi. 488 ; xii. 71). The etymology of hocktide is un- known ; see ' N.E.D.'

I must protest against the assumption at p. 73 that hock is " the Anglo-Saxon hoc, a hook." Any one who has learnt Anglo- Saxon knows that short o and long o are different vowels. There is no A.-S. hoc meaning " hook." The A.-S. for hook is hoc. WALTER W. SKEAT.

PAUL BRADDON (10 S. viii. 489 ; x. 417 ;

xii. 91). I have a water-colour of old

Folly Bridge, Oxford, which is signed

" Braddon." The signature is unmistakable.


Sibson Rectory, Atherstone.


The Little Guides. Monmouthshire. By G. W..

Wade and J. H. Wade. Essex. By J. Charles

Cox. (Methuen & Co.)

WE are always glad to see additions to this series of " Little Guides," for being arranged under places in alphabetical order, and confining them- selves to sound information without the verbiage of the older guide-books, they are practical and readily consulted. We never fail, when attacking any new district, to ask if these compact booklets are available, for we have found them remarkably comprehensive.

' Monmouthshire ' has a capital selection of illustrations, and includes notes on natural history. The writers have a touch of humour and derision which enlivens their notes and criticisms. Thus rare plants are said to be rapidly disappearing " through the greed of professional collectors, as well as in consequence of the painful tidiness of County Council officials.'"

Dr. Cox is not himself a native of Essex, but he has paid visits there during forty years, and has had extensive experience of English life m. many districts. He is able to pronounce an expert verdict on interesting churches and ruins such as few are qualified to give, and, dropping the terms " Decorated " and " Perpendicular,'" refers to particular centuries. We hope his book will add to the appreciation of a rather neglected county, which is by no means so flat as people- think, even on the side of the Thames marshes.. He has had the great advantage of using two- volumes of the " Victoria County History," a monument of careful erudition which all willi hope to see completed.

IN The Cornhill Mr. H. Hesketh Prichard has a good paper ' On the Labrador,' though in his, sporting expedition he did not get the caribou he sought. Mr. Quiller-Couch gives us further- ' News from Troy,' worthy of that fascinating- region. Mr. Kenneth Bell has a good article on ' Architecture in English History,' and Mr.. Horace Hutchinson ' A Pickwick Paper ' of interest,, in which he dwells on some of the manners of the- time as revealed by the immortal Club. We hear,, he points out, of nightcaps, but not of nightgowns* and never of the morning bath. ' The Second Paradise,' by Mr. Norman Gale, is a poetical study of Adam and Eve and their children. In ' Under a Fool's Cap ' Mr. Norman Hoe gives an account of a book of light verse amplifying nursery rimes, of which he is the happy possessor. The author, who published the book in 1884 with a firm now defunct, calls himself Daniel Henry, junior, and deserves a wider audience than he has hitherto, apparently,, attained.. Nothing appears to be known of him, and perhaps, after this display of his muse, he will emerge,, if still writing, from obscurity.

IN The Fortnightly Mr. J. L. Garvin has a vigorous summary of ' Imperial and Foreign Affairs.' ' The Cult of the Unfit,' by Mr. E. B. Iwan-Miiller, begins with Darwin, and ends with, denunciation of Radical Socialists and the Budget. ' Tennyson : a Reconsideration and Appreciation,' by the'Rev. H. W. Clark, is heavy-