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Page:Notes and Queries - Series 10 - Volume 12.djvu/277

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10 s. xii. SEPT. is, 1909.] NOTES AND QUERIES.


Althea from Prison.' Petty France is now York Street. Tothill Street had some grand mansions in it.

Turning to Boyne's ' Tradesmen's Tokens of the Seventeenth Century,' 2nd ed., we find there was a " Boar's Head " in King Street, Westminster, from which a dateless token was issued, with the initials I. D. W. Two farthing tokens were issued with I. B. on the reverse : one by Joane Bartlett at "The White Hart, Tvtel Streete"; the other with the same obverse, viz., a hart lodged, and on the reverse " Ralph Firbanke, in Tvttle Streete, R. E. F." A farthing token was issued with a Saracen's head on the obverse, and on the reverse I. M. B. and " Grocer " (vol. i. 649 ; ii. 774, 830).

The will of William's nephew John Jen- nings was proved 19 Dec., 1586 (68 Windsor). He desired " to be buried within that chapel of St. Margarets church where I use to sit, as neare unto my state and condition as conveniently as may be." He had a godson " of Thevinge Lane," and left a legacy to John Johnson " of pety ffraunce."

Perhaps my friend MB. HARLAND-OXLEY can give some further particulars of these Jenningses. A. RHODES.

COUNTY BOROUGH. ' H.E.D.' seems to imply that the term " county borough " was unknown to our municipal life before the passing in 1888 of the Local Government Act, to which it makes two references in this connexion. But I find in The London Gazette, 13-17 Nov., 1701, an address to William III. from " the Mayor, Recorder, Aldermen, Common Council, Sheriffs, Bur- gesses, and Commonalty of Your Majesty's County Borough of Carmarthen."


CROCODILES IN HERALDRY. I observe in the ' Glossary of Terms in Heraldry ' (8vo, Parker, 1894) the following assertion (p. 9) :-

" Alligator, and crocodile. The only case of either of these borne in English arms is

" Gules, a chevron argent betv een three alligators Hitchcock.

"Per chief gules and or, in base an olive-tree eradicated and fructed proper, in chief the head and forelegs of a crocodile, issuant proper. Dalbiac, Bedford."

I think I can recall at least two other cases as having occurred in English heraldry before 1894. At the time of the unfortunate death of John Hanning Speke, the African traveller, in 1864, supporters were granted to the head of the family, Mr. Speke of Jordans : a crocodile and a hippopotamus.

Also, in the coat of arms attached to the very dilapidated monument of Sir Anthony Pollard (d. 1577) now lying in the park of Baldon Manor House, Oxfordshire, but formerly set up in the destroyed church attached to Nuneham Courtney House, close by, a shield forming an escutcheon of pretence, contains the figure of a crocodile. The arms (I quote from a slight note); are, for Pollard, a fesse between three scallop shells (?), quartering Argent, on a bend,, between two lions rampant sable, a crocodile- proper. There are other quarterings, and their order varies in another coat, but of the crocodile there can be no doubt.

To what family does this shield belong ? W. J. LOFTIE.

Savile Club.

LE SCEUR'S STATUE OF CHARLES I. That excellent historian of Charing Cross Mr. Holden MacMichael has been misled by J. T. Smith ('Streets of London') into writing : " The King's sword, however, with buckler and straps, disappeared mysteriously- from the statue on the night of April 13 r 1810." BelVs Messenger (22 April, 1810) provides this illuminating paragraph :

" Saturday morning early, the sword, buckler, and 1 straps fell from the equestrian statue of King Charles the First, at Charing Cross. The appen- dages similar to the statue are of copper ; the- sword, &c., were picked up by a man ot the name of Moxam, a porter belonging to the Golden Cross,, who deposited them in the care of Mr. Eyre, trunk maker, in whose possession they remain till that gentleman receives instructions from the Board of Green Cloth at St. James's Palace, relative to their former [sic] reinstatement."


" WARREN " AND THE HARE. One was under the impression that a " warren " wa a word applied peculiarly to the under- ground shelter formed by the wild rabbit ; it, however, appears to have been equally applicable to the aboveground " form " of the hare. But on looking up " warren " in Prof. Skeat's ' Concise Etymological Dic- tionary,' I find that the word is from the Old High German warjan, to protect or preserve. This will, therefore, account for what I could not at first understand when I found that the hare was sometimes adopted as a sign by bearers of the name of Warren. In 1555, for instance, from the " Hare " in Chepe one " Warren was carted through the City with a goldsmyth's wyff, for baudry^ and hordom and dyvers [times taken} with-all ; and so cared owt of Algatt ** (Machyn's ' Diary '). And again a " Hare " was the sign of Nicholas Warren (see London