10 s. XIL SEPT. is, 1909.] NOTES AND QUERIES.
WE must request correspondents desiring in- formation on family matters of only private interest to affix their name's and addresses to their queries, in order that answers may be sent to them direct.
" CORRECT TO A T." Our earliest quota- tion for this, or for the kindred phrases
- to suit one to a tf," " to fit to a ," " to
know one to a ," is of 1693. Can any one help us to an earlier example? No one of our many instances throws any light upon its origin. A current obvious conjecture would, explain "a T" as meaning "a T-square"; but to this there are various objections : we have no evidence as yet that the name " T- square" goes back to the seventeenth century, and no example of its being called simply "a T " ; and in few, if any, of our instances would the substitution of " a T-square " for " a T " make any tolerable sense. The notion seems rather to be that of minute exactness, as it were " to the minutest point." But the evidence is mainly negative : if examples can be found of "T-square" before 1700, or of its reduction simply to " T," or of earlier examples of "to a f," they may help to settle the actual origin. J. A. H. MURRAY.
PARLIAMENTARY ANECDOTES. Will any reader have the kindness to direct my attention to the most complete works bearing on this subject ? Please reply direct. JOHN LANE.
The Bodley Head, Vigo Street, W.
LAST DUEL WITH SWORDS IN ENGLAND. It is generally supposed that Sheridan and Capt. Matthews fought the last duel with swords in England. This was in 1772. Long before that time, however, the pistol had become the favourite weapon of the duellist. Is there any authentic instance of the sword being used in an affair of honour after 1772 ? HORACE BLEACKLEY.
INVERNESS BIBLIOGRAPHY. Who was the author of the following work ?
"The Scotch minister's assistant, or a collection of forms for celebrating the ordinances of marriage, baptism, and the Lord's Supper, according to the usage of the Church of Scotland, with suitable devotions for the church and family worship Inverness : printed and sold by Young and Imray 1802." 8vo, 320 pp.
It does not appear in the British Museum ' Catalogue of Printed Books ' or in Halketl and Laing's ' Dictionary of Anonymous and Pseudonymous Literature.' The author natters himself that it, " with all its imper
ections, will be favourably received by the younger brethren, for whose use it is chiefly ntended."
I seek information also concerning another Dook unknown to the British Museum and to Halkett and Laing. Who was " Bumps " ?
" A trip through the Caledonian Canal and tour in the Highlands. By Bumps (one of the party). Illustrated by Chalk. Printed for private circula- tion. London : 1861." 8vo, 290 pp., 21 plates.
P. J. ANDERSON.
University Library, Aberdeen.
" LIQUID A NON FRANGUNT." Where is this maxim formulated ? What is its scope, and what is its authority ? Does it apply to fasting before Communion, or only to the abstinence practised by the Church of Rome in Lent and on Fridays ? M Y.
GODSTONE STONE USED IN THE CITY. Can any reader refer me to some City build- ings constructed with Godstone stone ? Was it much used in the fifteenth century ? and where are there good examples of work of that date ? ARCHITECT.
HOLT CASTLE AND THE BEAUCHAMPS ' JOHN BOURN OF MOORFIELDS. Guillim in referring to the arms of Sir Thomas Pennes- ton, of Halsted in Kent, Bt., gives as his second quartering " Gules, a fess between six billets or, by the name of Beauchampe of Holt." Can any reader account for this coat, or tell me how the billets took the place of the cross-crosslets of the Warwick family?
In the same book are given the arms of a, John Bourn " of Morefields in the parish of St. Leonard's, Shoreditch, D r of Physick." Is this the Sir John Bourn who is reputed to have owned this property after the Wyshams ? TERTIUS.
EMERY DE RECHETHIWARD. Can any of your readers kindly suggest the correct name of Emery de Rechethiward, evidently a corrupt reading ? He is stated to have married Maud de Kymes, and conveyed Corlyon to Gilbert de Clare, Earl of Glou- cester, in exchange for the manor of Kil- mersdon, Somerset, at the end of the reign of Edward I. (Hundred Roll, Somerset, Public Record Office).
" WHIP-MA- WHOP-MA-GATE." In Robert Barr's notes on York (in the September Idler) we are told tfcat "an exceedingly short thoroughfare bore the extraordinary title of ' Whip-ma- whop-ma-gate." Is the origin of this name known ? JAS. PLATT, Jun.
[Discussed by ST. SWITHIN and A. J. M. at 7 S. vii. 68, 136.]