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NOTES AND QUERIES. rio s. xn. OCT. 2, im

some Chinese of the seventeenth century were familiar with this sort of comparison is manifest in Sii Chang-Chi's ' Remonstrances against Christianity,' 1639. In the third took of this polemical collection we find the following passage written by the Rationalist Su Kua-Fu :

"When in the period of Wan-Li (1573-1620), the Christian missionaries entered our empire, our wise men rightly foresaw what evil their preachings would bring about, protested against their works with much ardour, and eventually drove them beyond our frontiers. And now why do they come in again? They do so because at the present time our people are neglecting the question completely, never suspect their odious intentions, and have most of them forgotten all those denunciatory writings of those wise men. This state of things makes the barbarians say to one another in triumph : ' Our Western region is endowed with four eyes ; the Japanese have three eyes (for they have success- fully eradicated Christianity from among them- selves by twice massacring the missionaries), the Chinese two eyes (as they tolerate them with perfect indifference), and the Philippine Islanders no eye (because they have forfeited their land and independence by conversion).' " Quotation in Takata's ' Shooku Hikki,' completed c. 1845, torn. Ixxxv. p. 390, ed. 1907.

KUMAGUSU MlNAKATA. Tanabe, Kii, Japan.

ARMS ON A BRASS (10 S. xii. 209). These are the arms of the Rev. Stephen Hyde Cassan (1789-1841), Vicar of Bruton and of Wyke in the county of Somerset, and his wife Frances, daughter of the Rev. William Ireland. He was of the family of Cassan of Sheffield in the Queen's County (see Burke's ' Commoners,' i. 648-50).


Killadoon, Celbridge.

ABBOTS OF EVESHAM (10 S. xii. 28, 78, 154). My list of 58 abbots was supplied to me by a clergyman of Evesham (I pre- sume the rector or vicar) many years ago, and I regret that I have not retained his name.

I think the date given for No. 16, Kynach, was in the ninth century, and I shall be glad if a date, or an approximate one, can be found. J. K.

ST. DTJNSTAN'S-IN-THE-WEST: ITS CLOCKS (10 S. xii. 49). A view of the clock and figures, engraved on steel by J. B. Allen after T. H. Shepherd, is in my possession. It appeared, I think, in ' London in the Nineteenth Century' or 'Metropolitan Im- provements,' two serial works produced by Shepherd early last century, which had an extensive sale. WM. JAGGARD.


REV. T. WATSON WARD (10 S. xii. 228). A son of this clergyman, the Rev. Henry Davis Ward, was Vicar of Felmersham, Beds. He died in 1839 at Exmouth, and a small tablet on the north wall of the chancel in Felmersham Church commemorates him. This I often saw when taking the duty there many years ago. The living is in the gift of Trinity College, Cambridge. JOHN PICKFORD, M.A.

Mr. Ward's will (P.C.C.), dated 16 Qct. r 1824, contains no family references. By it he left all he died possessed of to a stranger Henry Davis of Sharnbrook, Beds. The inference is that he left no widow or descend- ants. L. R. O.

BANK OF ENGLAND : SUSPENSION OF SPECIE PAYMENT (10 S. xii. 205). In reference to the communication of MR, ABRAHAMS, I may mention that I gave & reprint of the entire broadside in ' Rariora,' iii. 150 from a fine copy in my collection, and that I thus alluded to its remarkable rarity : " There must be many copies of this proclamation in existence, but I find no notice of one in any of the public libraries." J. ELIOT HODGKIN.

BAGNIGGE HOUSE (10 S. xi. 385 ; xii. 192). MR. MACMICHAEL states at the latter reference that Punch gave in 1833 a humorous- account of the Wells, with woodcuts. May I point out that Punch was not in existence until some years later ? WM. DOUGLAS.

125, Helix Road, Brixton Hill.


Lives of the Hanoverian Queens of England. By Alice Drayton Greenwood, Vol. I. (Bell & Sons.)

IT is a somewhat curious fact that with the exception of James L, whose queen claimed Denmark for her native land, all the English sovereigns from Richard II. till the revolution of 1688 obtained their wives from their own country, from France, the Spanish Peninsula y or Italy the Teutonic element being almost entirely absent. Anne of Cleves certainly came under the last-named definition, but she can hardly be seriously considered. A change, however, from the usual procedure ensued on the advent of the Hanoverian dynasty. The succession of George 1. to the English throne inaugurated a continuous line of Teutonic con- sorts, which remained unbroken until the marriage of our present King to Princess Alexandra of Denmark.

In her ' Lives of the Queens of England * Misa Strickland did not deal with the biographies