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NOTES AND QUERIES. [io s. XIL OCT. IG, iwo.


they return ? So far as ploughing is con- cerned, it is evident that the well-being of horses must be considered in addition to that of men. If they go to labour early, they must return early.

Will no one write a book on traditional farm-customs and their significance ?

B. L. B. 0.

AUTHORS OF QUOTATIONS WANTED. Can any of your readers tell me where the following lines are to be found ?

The wide earth is still

Wider than one man's passion : there's no mood, No meditation, no delight, no sorrow, Cas'd in one man's dimensions, can distil Such pregnant and infectious quality, Six yards round shall not ring it. They were quoted by Matthew Arnold as a motto to ' Consolation ' in the 1853 and 1854 editions of his poems. H. M.

Determined beforehand, we gravely pretend To ask the opinion and thoughts of a friend. If he do but flatter and praise our plan, We think him a clever and sensible man, &c.

E. OSBORN.

Miss CRAWFORD, CANADIAN POET. Could you give me any information as to the published poems of a Miss Crawford, a Canadian, whose verses were much com- mended in The Guardian some twenty-five years ago ? I saw the review only once, but I can just remember that one of the poems began thus :

Bite deep and wide, axe, this tree !

What doth thy wild voice promise me ?

I promise thee all joyous things

That furnish forth the lives of Kings.

Cities and palaces shall dwell

Where now, &c.

JOHN S. LESLIE.

GLASS AND DROWNING SAILOR. Can any one tell me the particulars of the legend which connects the ringing, or singing, of a glass (tumbler or wineglass), after it has been accidentally struck, with the drowning of a sailor ? ZEPHYR.

DR. WOLLASTON IN SCOTLAND. When dealing with events of 1820, Lockhart ('Memoirs of Scott,' chap, xlix.) refers to a visit of Dr. Wollaston to Abbotsford. An interesting account of an episode which occurred when he visited Inchbonny, near Jedburgh, doubtless at the same time, is found on p. 101 of the 'Personal Recollec- tions of Mary Somerville.' Is his visit to Abbotsford, and especially that to Jedburgh, mentioned in any other works ?

G. WATSON.


" MAR " IN MARDYKE. What does the syllable Mar- in the word Mardyke convey ? There is a causeway here nearly a mile long : it was built by a Mr. Webber, a Dutchman, nearly 200 years ago, and is indiscriminately by folk here called The Dyke and the Mar- dyke. J. B. Cork.

HENRY STACY MARKS AND ' THE POOR BLIND WORM.' This well-known Royal Academician was " famous at convivial gatherings for singing capital songs of his own composing." Amongst these was one entitled ' The Poor Blind Worm.' Are the words of this known ? JOHN T. PAGE.

ROBERT HOLMES, a famous Irish barrister, and brother-in-law of Robert Emmet, died n London 30 Nov., 1859. Can any reader say where he was buried, and if any monu- mental inscription exists, or give any in- r ormation not in ' D.N.B.' ?

JOHN S. CRONE.


ST. BARTHOLOMEW, THE BENE- DICTINES, AND OTFORD.

(10 S. xii. 248.)

BEFORE dealing with MR. HESKETH'S main inquiry, I should like to point out to him the fact that the tradition of the mediaeval existence of such a figure as he records to have been at Otford scarcely justifies his direct inference that there was a connexion between St. Bartholomew and ^Esculapius " much older than the tenth century," although, as a matter of fact, there was (using the name ^Esculapius for medicine and healing), though not, so far as can be ascertained, associated with the sites of any temples of that divinity in Rome or else- where. The cult of the Epidaurian under official Christianity would seem to have become transferred to SS. Cosma and Damiano ; while the parallel medical cult of Serapis would seem to have been similarly transferred to SS. Abbacyrus, John of Egypt, and Pantaleone, although no evi- dence is forthcoming that any one of these saints became worshipped upon the Tiber island. Did we know more about the wanderings and tragedies of the Apostles in Asia Minor than we do, it might be hazarded that not a few of their troubles arose there from their invasion, as healers, of old ^Esculapian strongholds. St. Paul, as a Cilician, was born in such a stronghold