NOTES AND QUERIES. [io s. xn. JULY 10, im
or Santiago de Galicia. What is the ety- mology of Compostela ? Two answers have been given to this question.
1. The name is said to be derived from " Jacomo Apostol," James (the) Apostle. For the form of the Spanish Jacomo com- pare Italian Giacomo, with a shifting of
the accent. There was learned form Jacobo.
also a Spanish
2. Others derive the name from " Campus Stellae/' the plain of the star, and connect it with the story of the discovery of the body of St. James by the guiding of a star in the year 816 by Theodomir, Bishop of Iria.
It looks very much as if the name " Com- postela " is a contaminated form, due to a combination of (1) and (2), having the Com- from (1) and the final -stela from (2). What is the oldest historic form of " Com- postela " ? A. L. MAYHEW. 21, Norham Road, Oxford.
" I HAD THBEE SISTERS BEYOND THE
SEA." Can any contributor to N. & Q.' oblige me with the full and proper words of this nursery rime ? It begins :
I had three sisters beyond the sea,
Para mara dictum Doniine ;
They each sent a lovely present to me,
Partum quartum Paradise temporum.
The first was a cherry without any stone,
Para, &c. ;
The second, &c.,
The spelling is merely guessed at, and Paradise is probably quite off it. In one version occur the words
Heigh ho ! Carrion crow ! Perry merry dixi decko !
LIONEL CRESSWELL. Wood Hall, Calverley, Yorks.
JOHN HITS BEFORE THE COUNCIL OF CONSTANCE. Can any one inform me who was the artist of a fine painting of Hus before the Council of Constance "in 1415 ? It was well engraved some forty years ago. JOHN PICKFORD, M.A.
A ewbourne Rectory, Woodbridge.
"MINERIA MARRA," MOTTO. I shall be glad if some one will translate this heraldic motto. It belongs either to a Warwick- shire or a Worcestershire family, I believe,
FRANCISQUE SARCEY AND ANATOLE FRANCE ON SPELLING. I have before me a statement according to which the late Francisque Sarcey claimed absolute free- dom in spelling, and protested against any fixed rules, which he denounced as " les- chinoiseries de Forthographe." According to the same source, Anatole France also calls it nonsense to think one is obliged to- observe such rules for fear of losing caste.
Can any reader kindly supply chapter and verse in both authors' writings ?
L. L. K.
LEADEN FIGURES. The makers of leaden figures and garden ornaments belong to the earliest years of Piccadilly. I believe much useful information respecting the industry and its fortunes in London generally has been provided in a volume or some of the many art periodicals, and I shall be obliged for the reference.
The provision of statuary generally was presumably .a considerable business even before the Great Fire. Would not the buildings in Lincoln's Inn Fields (1617 ?} and the erection of handsome residences west of the City have occasioned such an industry ? If so, in what locality or street was it specially carried on ? Piccadilly at a later date, and Euston Road in our own times, were the birthplaces of gods and goddesses innumerable.
" HEN AND CHICKENS " SIGN. How could the " Hen and Chickens " have had its origin as a trade sign in the City ? There were signs- with this name in Paternoster Row, in St. Paul's Churchyard, in Cheapside, in Southwark ; near the Royal Exchange,. Cornhill ; near the New Exchange, Strand ; at Holborn Conduit ; and on Hammond's Key, Eastcheap way.
J. HOLDEN MACMlCHAEL.
WELSH JUDGES. Is there any printed biographical list of the old Welsh judges, after the manner of Foss's ' Judges of
England ' ?
but it seems difficult to trace.
CALA RAG WHETHOW," MOTTO. What the meaning of this ? I am told that it is Cornish, and is the motto of the Aplin family. LEO C
THE ACORN AND THE GABRIEL. I wish to find out in what year the 18-gun brig Acorn (Capt. Clarkson) captured the slaver
C. J. P. BARLOW.
ABBOTS OF EVESHAM. Can any one give me a list of the Abbots of Evesham ? I think there were some named Kynach in early days perhaps in the eighth or ninth
H. K. H.