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10 s. xn. NOV. e, 1909.] NOTES AND QUERIES.


missible, and often commendable, to do so. Thus there are many speakers who pronounce Dowie and Dowart as Doo-ie and Doo-art ; Mowat and Mowbray as Moo-at and Moo-bray, &c.

As to Dowling, it is derived from the Gaelic Dubhlaing, and must therefore originally have been pronounced Dooling, riming with the word " ruling." As a parallel I may instance the name of the famous Mr. Dooley. This is from the Gaelic Dubhlaidhe, with the same initial element as Dowling. The two should have yielded the same result either Dooley and Dooling, or Dowley and Dowling but by some accident Dooley has preserved the pure Gaelic vowel, while Dowling has developed along the lines of English habits of speech. Inconsistencies of this kind are common in family names. JAS. PLATT, Jun.

In the eighteenth century the names Cooper and Cowper were used interchange- ably in the Long Itchington parish registers. There is a family of Coopers still resident here whose ancestors were baptized indis- criminately under both these surnames. Thus on 15 Sept., 1738, was baptized William, son of William and Elizabeth Cooper ; and on 6 Jan., 1740-41, Elizabeth daughter of William and Elizabeth Cowper. JOHN T. PAGE.

Long Itchington, Warwickshire.

FLEETWOOD OF CALWICH, co. STAFFORD (10 S. xi. 183; xii. 58). MB. F. M. R. HOLWORTHY deserves the thanks of all interested in the Fleetwood pedigree for his interesting communication regarding the Calwich baronetcy. This important dis- covery enables me to bring the account of the Calwich line down to a somewhat later date.

Gerard, son of Lieut. J. G. Fleetwood, R.N., whose baptism is recorded at 10 S. xi. 184, was articled to Thomas Attree of Brightelmstone (Brighton) for five years, by articles dated 24 June, 1819, between Phoebe Randall of Brightelmstone, widow (his grandmother), and Thomas Attree ; the articles were filed 30 June, 1819, and read in Court 2 May, 1825.

This Gerard Fleetwood in his will, dated 18 Nov., with codicil of 1 Dec., 1828, describes himself as of 68, Chancery Lane solicitor, at present of 113, Brook Street, West Square, Lambeth. One of the execu- tors was his cousin Edmund Thomas Crau- furd of Broadway, co. Worcester, to whom he leaves the plate presented to his father

by captains of transports, his grandfather's portrait, and other portraits. The tenor oi the will, which was proved 3 Jan., 1829, leaves no doubt that he was a bachelor.

In the registers of St. George's, Hanover Square, a marriage is recorded on 11 Sept., 1802, between Henry Craufurd, bachelor, and Sophia Fletewood, spinster (Harl. Society, Registers, xiv. 265), so that it is probable that Mr. Craufurd was a son of this mar- riage, and his mother would be a daughter of Ensign J. G. Fleetwood, whose death in 1776 has been discovered by MR. HOLWORTHY.

Francis Hayman, R.A., died at his resi- dence in Dean Street, Soho, 2 Feb., 1776. Administration was granted to his daughter Susannah on 16 Feb., he being described as late of the parish of St. Ann, West- minster, widower (P.C.C.). R. W. B.

[See also ' Fleetwood Genealogical Puzzle,' ante y p. 362.]

MARRIAGE LICENCES OF THE DIOCESE OF EXETER (10 S. xii. 330). The publication of the ' Marriage Licences of Exeter,' edited by Col. Vivian, was commenced by Messrs. Pollard & Co. in 1887. Three parts were issued at 5s. per part, covering the period 1523-1632. I believe the publishers intend to complete it at an early date. Copies of the three parts can still be obtained from them. H. TAPLEY-SOPER.

Exeter. [MR. J. P. STILWELL also thanked for reply.]

POLLY KENNEDY (10 S. vii. 344 ; ix. 97, 236 ; xii. 117). From the following doggerel effusion it would appear that Kitty Kennedy had a sister named Polly, who also helped to save her two brothers from the hang- man. She was not the same person as Miss Polly Kennedy of Great Russell Street, but whether or nor she sat for Reynolds' s portrait of Miss Kennedy I cannot say. The verses run thus : What has Poll Kennedy obtain'd, beside She sav'd Two Brothers, who by right had died? The plump fat Sister is declining fast, And both will pinch for foulest follies past. Although the jilt a giddy soldier wed, She sold the husband and the sattin bed :

So rich a bed no press'd before,

But Cleopatra

  • An Elegiac Epistle from Lucy Cooper... to...

Sally Harris' (J. Williams, 1774), p. 14.

The " plump fat sister " is Kitty, whose obesity is mentioned by Lord Carlisle in a letter to George Selwyn ; and the " giddy soldier " presumably refers to her husband, Robert Stratford Byram or Byron, whom she married on 16 Aug., 1773, at Marylebone