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Page:Notes and Queries - Series 10 - Volume 12.djvu/516

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424


NOTES AND QUERIES, no s, xn. NOV. 27, 1000.


Beer Ferrers stands alone ; and, to select from a long list of names, Mr. Vowler of Jacobstowe furnishes " j corselett " ; Mr. Bewson, Vicar of Okehampton, " j musket " ; Mr. Gosworth (? Gostwick) of Sampford Oourtenay, " j musket " ; and Mr. Andre we, P'son of Monckhampton, " j bille." In the Archdeaconry of Barum I note " Antony Kelley, parson of North Tawton, j corslett."

Was the same official machinery employed for the survey of clerical armour as for the -assessment or collection of " Clerical Sub- .sidies " ?

The fact that churchwardens rendered account of payments of " Lay Subsidies " Tenths, Fifteenths, "Fifty Dole,"* &c. apparently as deputies of constables, and these again as deputies of sheriffs, may explain the churchwardens' evident respon- sibility in the matter of parish arms, expenses for training soldiers, &c.

It is obvious that armour handed down from one generation to another (as the law obliged) cannot always have fitted its owners. It is also obvious that while the whole male population, between the ages of sixteen and

sixty, were compelled to attend the general

musters (the most promising among them being selected for training), not all were possessed of sufficient property to subject them to even the lowest assessment for " private arms." In such cases, as I understand, the stock of common armour might be drawn upon ; and even, it would .appear, interchanges of private armour and weapons might be effected, at the discretion -of the Muster Masters or the leaders of the bands. Specific instances are to be found in one of the Elizabethan State Papers (vol. ccxvii. No. 74, fol. 148, Oct., 1588) headed " Surrey, A Note conteyning the names of such persons as furnished soldiers with armes unto the Camp at Tilsbury, oute of the Hundred of Brixton, under the charge of Capten Gainsford, and have had the same or part thereof chaunged or lost." Here are some instances :

" Newington : Thomas Bowker, that served for Richard Sauford, had his murrion, flaske, tuch boxe, & sworde changed by M r Pavett, Lieutenant

to Capten Gaynesford Cam er well : Xpofer

bimpson, that served for Earth, Drury, had his hed

pece changed by the sd M r Pavett Clapham :

Richard Allen, that had served with the Comon armor, had his pyke and his dagger chaunged by the said M r Pavett ; Robert Lyncott, that served with another comoii armor, had 'his calyver, dagger, hedpece anoSflask chaunged by S r Edward Stanley ; Barnes :. Henry Adams had a Calyver with the

  • Devon Notes and Queries, July, 1904, p. 82;

October, 1904, p, 103 ; July, 1905, pp.' 220, 224.


furniture taken from him, and a sword, by M r Pavett, & received ba3k againe a callyver & a badd murrion."*

One is often told that the parish armour was kept in the parish church. In many rural parts such a building, both from its dampness and the smallness or absence of a vestry, must have been ill adapted for a store-place ; and though arms were no doubt sometimes deposited there (especially, per- haps, such as had become obsolete in fashion and fallen into disuse), I have met with no law or regulation enforcing their placing in churches. On the contrary, the statute of 4-5 Philip and Mary enacts that " such harneis and weapons, and as much thereof as shall be appointed by H.M. Commissioners for the Musters or Veue of armour within such City, Borough, town, parish, and hamlet," &c., are " there to be kept in such place as shall be appointed by the sd. Com- missioners." " Early in James I.'s time," writes Col. Henry Walrond ( ' Historical Records of the First Devon Militia '), " the 4th and 5th P. and M. was repealed, and the armour and weapons of trained and untrained men were ordered to be stored in magazines." Sir Hamond F Estrange in his treatise complains : " Again, town arms are usually in the custody of the Constable for his yeare, who is usually poor, and neglects them in the keeping." 1 may note in this connexion from the certificate returned for Essex in 1570 (cited above) that at Moth Clacton " the charges of one man appointed to be redye furnysshed to serve at one howers warning for his coote redye bought, con- ducte money after j d the myle to Brende- wood, ij 8 , vj d for prest," &c. amount to xvj 8 iij d , " all which, by order from the lords ieutenants, are still in the keeping of the Petitt Constable's."

ETHEL LEGA-WEEKES.


DENNY AND WINDSOR FAMILIES :

A PROBLEM.

IN the early Tudor period, the family of Denny, ancestors of Denny, Earl of Norwich, of the Lords Denny de Waltham, and of the present family of Denny, Baronet of Tralee, always bore for arms the following quarterly coat : 1 and 4, Gules, a salt ire argent Between twelve crosses crosslet (or patee) or ; 2, Or, a fesse dancettee gules, in chief

hree martlets sable ; 3, Azure, three trout

Tetted in triangle argent, a mullet pierced or for difference (Trout beck).


Printed in full in a paper by Alfred Ridley Bax, F.S.A., in Surrey Archaolog. Coll., vol. xvi.