10 s. xii. DEC. 25, 1909.] NOTES AND QUERIES.
Danish Isle, and Copenhagen,' by Horace Marryat. On pp. 376-7 of vol. L, in describ- ing the " Gallery of Historic Portraits at the Castle of Frederiksborg, Denmark," Mr. Marryat says :
" Here is also an admirable portrait of Christian IV. by Jacob van Dort, taken at the age of 20 (1597). The earlier portraits of this sovereign by Peter Isaacs .... are far more flattering to his personal appearance than those of later date. Fashions change, too. The King in his younger days wore his hair frizzled up, something in the Valois style ; later hanging down curled, cut short over his forehead, and long at the sides. You observe that pigtail hanging down on the right side of the head, jauntily terminated with a red bow. Christian was afflicted by a sort of Plica Polonica, a long mat of hair like a horse's tail distended with blood vessels, which could not be cut off, and grew larger as he grew older. ' Marlock ' it was called in Danish. So he made the best of it, tied it up coquettishly with red ribbon ; and his courtiers, although they could not improvise a plica, wore the same tress like their sovereign, and it is generally supposed that mar- locks were the fashion of the day."
See also ' Chambers's Encyclopaedia * (1886), vol. vii. pp. 598-9.
Christian IV. of Denmark was born 1577, and died 1648. He married in 1597 Anne Catherine of Brandenburg, who died in 1612. His niece the Princess Elizabeth of England was called the Queen of Hearts, as also the Winter Queen, as her husband, Frederick V. of the Palatinate, was King of Bohemia for virtually only one winter.
BURIAL-PLACES OF NOTABLE ACTRESSES (10 S. xii. 449). Lavinia, Duchess of Bolton, was buried 3 Feb., 1760, at Greenwich, having died 24 Jan. at West Combe Park, Kent. See ' Complete Peerage,' edited by
G. E. C.
From ' Comedy Queens of the Georgian Era,* by James Fyvie, p. 40, one learns that Lavinia Fenton, Duchess of Bolton, was buried in the old church of St. Alphege at Greenwich. C. W. TERRY.
HIGH STEWARDS TEMP. ELIZABETH (10 S. xii. 428). The corporation of Kingston- upon-Hull still appoints a High Steward. The late Marquess of Ripon held that office, and Lord Wenlock has just been chosen to succeed him. Part of the duty is to repre- sent the interests of the corporation, as occasion may require, in the House of Lords. I think that when Lord Ripon was appointed the Town Clerk drew up an account of the office and its holders. W. C. B.
SLOAN SURNAME (10 S. xii. 228, 318). It is rather doubtful if the identification with
- Slowjane " (Slavonian) can be established.
The name is to be met with mostly in Scot- land, where, indeed, I have found it common. It is not even enumerated in Bardsley's list. In all probability it is, I should say, a modification of Goth. slaJian, slohun, A.S. slean, M.E. sleen, Du. slaan, to slay, kill ; see Ferguson's ' Teutonic Name- System,' p. 257. The English forms Slew- man, Sleeman, and Slowman are compounds of the last, of which Sloan may be a contracted form. N. W. HILL.
DAVID'S SKETCH OF MARIE ANTOINETTE (10 S. xii. 409). In ' La Revolution Frangaise,' by Dayot, this sketch is repro- duced and described as below.
"Marie- Antoinette dans la charrette. Portrait de Marie-Antoinette, reine de France, conduite au supplice, dessin6 la plume par David, spectateur du convoi, et place a une fenetre avec la citoyenne Jullien, epouse du reprsentant Jullien."
It is not stated where the original is to be found. It is not, I think, in the Musee Carnavalet, but inquiry there would pro- bably receive attention.
F. B. M.
Stephens, in his ' French Revolution,* vol. ii. p. 337 (chap, x.), mentions the sketch by David, and evidently believes that it was made by him on the spot as stated ; but he gives no reference to any record, though he says that the sketch "is reproduced as a frontispiece to the second volume of Campardon's 'Tribunal Revolutionnaire.'"
A reproduction of David's sketch serves as frontispiece to ' The Contemporary History of the French Revolution, compiled from " The Annual Register," z by F. Bayford Harrison, published by Rivington in 1889, but long out of print. The sketch agrees in detail with the description given in the text :
"Her hair was entirely cut off from the back of her head, which was covered with a small white cap ; she wore a white undress ; her hands were tied behind her "
If MR. EDGCTJMBE would like to see Mr. Harrison's book, I will lend him my copy with pleasure. WM. H. PEET.
[MR. A. R. BAYLEY also refers to Dayot.]
SPANISH WINE DAY : PIGEONS ANI> DYING PEOPLE (10 S. xii. 287). I do not know if it is still done, but Derbyshire children sixty years ago on Easter Monday made a drink by using liquorice root, which