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Page:Notes and Queries - Series 10 - Volume 12.djvu/67

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satirical version of Carey's famous song " He comes, he comes, the hero comes." But the word " dandles " is doubtless a misprint for daddies. In The Yankee (Boston, Mass.) of 11 June, 1813, occur the lines :

I call'd on Old Rifle at Burlington Bay, Shook his daddle, and ask'd him the news of the day.

For " daddle " see the ' N.E.D,' where 1785 is the earliest example recorded.

Dumb Betty. In Bartlett's ' Dictionary of Americanisms' (1878) defined as "a washing machine, barrel-shaped, with a rotary shank." I have several examples of the term.

Fanny Wright. Frances Wright was a Scotchwoman, having been born at Dundee 6 Sept., 1795. Why MB. THORNTON says that " she married (?) a man named Darus- mont," I do not know ; for the marriage, though an unhappy one, certainly took place. In the notice of her in the ' D.N.B.' the marriage is said to have occurred in France in 1838. This is an error, as appears from the following notice taken from Niles 1 Register (Baltimore) of 31 March, 1832 (xlii. 83) :

" The celebrated Miss Fanny Wright has married a Frenchman at Paris the aid of Lucina was invoked by her previous to the wedding."

In the same paper of 2 Aug., 1834, it is stated that " Madam Darusmond, formerly Miss Frances Wright, is delivering lectures on education in London " (xlvi. 380.) Her husband's name was Phiquepal Darusmond. The date of her death 2 Dec., 1852 given in the ' D.N.B.' is also incorrect. The Daily Evening Transcript (Boston, Mass.) of Friday, 17 Dec., 1852, had a notice of her, beginning as follows :

" Death of Fanny Wright. It is announced, that this celebrated female, latterly known as Madame D'Arusmond, died very suddenly at Cincinnati, Ohio, on Tuesday last {i.e. 14 Dec.]."

But in The Western Christian Advocate (Cincinnati, Ohio) of Wednesday, 22 Dec., 1852, we read (xix. 203) :

" Frances Wright D'Arusmont better known as

  • Fanny Wright ' died, in our city, on Monday of

last week [i.e. 13 Dec.], from the effects of a fall received by her some months since. She was about seventy years of age [an error for fifty-seven], and was pretty extensively known as a progressiveite in religion that is, one who wished to upset Chris- tianity, and who could use nothing better in place of it. She has a husband living somewhere in the world, and a daughter, we believe, now resident in New York City."

Her ' Views of Society and Manners in America,' published in 1821, was, so far as

I remember, the first book about this country written by a woman born in the British Isles. ALBERT MATTHEWS.

Boston, U.S.

" Buffer " and " buffing " are from Fr. bouffer, bouffe, to swell, swollen : a " puffed " person, swollen with self-importance or pretence.

" Caly ground " I have always understood to be solid ground, as distinguished from swampy. In that case it is either from Fr. cole, steady, of firm foundation, or Sp. calar, chalky, of calcareous foundation.

" Cradley ground " is probably named as suitable to the short up-and-down strokes of a reaping-cradle ; but it may refer to the rocking motion of teams which have to cross it.

" Dandles " is old baby-talk, and not more an Americanism than " tootsies " or " ol' 'weetums " would be. If the " old ballad " ever existed, it was probably a nursery rime.

A " dumb-betty " was simply a dumb- waiter. The figure of speech is the same in both cases a dummy servant.


Hartford, Conn.

Archbishop Laud's orders enjoined at his metropolitical visitation of the Cathedral Church of Chichester.

"4. That you use some means with Mr. Peter Coxe, an Alderman of the City of Chichester, that the piece of ground called Campus now in his pos- session be laid open again ; that the Scholars of your free School may have liberty to play there, as formerly they have had time out of mind ; and if he shall refuse, to give us notice, or our Vicar-General, upon what reason and ground he doth it."



STATUES AND MEMORIALS IN THE BRITISH ISLES (10 S. xi. 441). Regarding the state- ment that Bosworth Field is " unmarked by any memorial," I take leave to say that about forty years ago I visited the spot and made my way to (as it was locally called) " King Dickon's Well," on a stone above which was a Latin inscription, stating, if 1 rightly remember, that King Richard on the eve of the battle had slaked his thirst there, it would be interesting if some resident in Market Bosworth, which is near by, would supply a copy of this inscription.


Stanmore Road, Edgbaston.

In the park of Rush ton Hall, about eleven miles from Naseby, there is an alcove placed on an eminence from which one looks in the