ii s. XL JAN. so, 1915. j NOTES AND QUERIES.
" LE PETIT Roi L>E PERONNE." With whom did this phrase originate, and to whom was it applied ? Was it a nickname for Louis XI. ? E. H. H.
CBANIOLOGY.' Could any scientific reader oblige me with the titles of some of the best books dealing with craniology from an ethnological point of view ? FERLANG.
MOURNING LETTER - PAPER AND BLACK-BORDERED TITLE-PAGES.
(4 S. iv. 390; ,11 S. x. 371,412, 454, 496 xi. 34.)
I HAVE four black-bordered sermons in m collection which I should like to describe in
- N. t &Q.,' as they are interesting copies, and
two of them are earlier than those mentioned on p. 454 (1661 and 1673) : m 1. The | Pervsal | of an | Old Statute | Concern- ing | Death and Judgment | As it was lately delivered in a Sermon at | the Funeral of Mrs. Frances Bedford. | By | James Bedford, B.D. Sometime Fellow of Q. Coll. in | Oxon. and now Pastor of Blunsham and Erith in Huntingtonshire. \
London. Printed by J. M. for Francis Tyton,
and are to be sold at | his shop at the three Daggers neer the Middle- | Temple-Gate in Fleet - Street.
To the Reader, 1 1. ; Dedication : " From my study at Blunsham Febr. 20. 1656," 5 11. ; Elegiac poems, 2 11. ; Sermon, 20 11.
2. The | Faithfull Christians Gain | by | Death : opened, confirmed, and improved, in a | SERMON , at the j Funeral | of the Right Honourable | ESSEX. Countess of Manchester, \ Preached at Kimbolton, Octob. 12. 1658. | By Simeon Ashe Minister of the Gospel at St. Au- | gustines in Watting Street, London
London, Printed by A. M. for George Saw- bridge at | the Sign of the Bible on Ludgate-Hill
The Epistle Dedicatory, 211. ; Sermon, 21 11.
3. A | Sermon | Preached at | St. Botolphs Aldersgate, | At the [Funeral | of | ROBERT HUN- TINGTON, Esq., ! who Died April 21, and was BURIED \ April 30, 1684. j By Timothy Hall, Rector of Alhal- | lows Staining, London. | London, I Printed for Tho. Parkhurst at the Bible and Three Crowns, | at the lower end of Cheapside near Mercers Chappel, 1684. 1 L, 22 11.
TVr, ' Preach ' d at the | Funeral | of the
Right Noble | WILLIAM | DUKE of Devonshire, | in the | church of All-Hallows in Derbv, ! on Friday Septemb. 5th MDCCVH ....... | By White Kennet,
D.D. Archdeacon of Huntingdon, \ and Chaplain in Ordinary | to Her Majesty.
London : Printed and Sold by H. Hills, in Black- fry-lars, near the Water- side. For the Benefit of the Poor. 1707.
Nos. 2 and 3.
The heavy black borders of these four sermons well illustrate the different ways the rectangle border of lines or rules was made im. Nos. 1 and 4 borders are Nos. I made up of four lines placed i and 4. I in this way. No. 1 : The top and bottom bars wer ) too short, and an extra piece was added to fit a quarto size, evidently having been previously used for an octavo.
Nos. 2 and 3 are formed by lines placed this way. I thought it worth while direct- ing attention to this matter as it points to rather primi- tive work.
Another style of border I noticed may be seen in the volume men- t tioned by MB. W. H. CUMMINGS (p. 496), and these rough lines show another method of form- ing the rectangle. I may say the width of the lines varies u. good bit. The border in 'MB. CUMMINGS 's volume I measured as eight lines, and it is said to be a "very thick black border," while Nos. 2 and 3 measure fourteen lines each nearly twice the thickness.
Of course, the last volume mentioned is not a funeral sermon, and it may be as well to mention that many " funeral books " had the black border. One now before me I will describe :
A Mourning = Ring, | In Memory of your |
DEPARTED FRIEND, | The Second Edition |
Recommended as proper to be given at Funerals. London, Printed for John Dunton, at | the Raven, in the Poultrey, 1692.
The black border is made up of lines similar to Nos. 1 and 4, but they are narrower and not so carefully fitted.
I had a note ready on the rare books described by MB. HENRY G TIPPY, but I am very glad he has given us such an excellent account of some of the treasures of the John Elylands Library, and, of course, his date is asily first as regards black borders on any drid of books. HERBERT E. NOBBIS.
DARTMOOR (11 S. xi. 40). It must be
- >orne in mind that in the expression " Dart-
noor Forest " the word " Forest " is used n its legal sense as meaning unenclosed land
- eserved for the King's hunting.
Whether this land was in the remote past covered with trees cannot now be decided.