ii s. XL FEB. is, i9i5.] NOTES AND QUERIES.
BOLLS OF HONOUR. May I suggest that
- N. & Q.' should keep count of the lists of
those who are joining the forces of the Crown in the Great War ? Never before has there been anything approaching the enthusiasm with which these lists invaluable to the future genealogist have been compiled. A beginning has been made by The Graphic of 2 Jan., 1915 :
Aberdeen University Alumni on Service (775 names). Aberdeen University Review, November, Is. 6d.
Artists on Service. Studio, December, Is. Out of 172 artists mentioned, 92 have joined Scots regiments.
Auctioneers (350 names) on Service. The Times, 21 December.
Barristers on Service (504 names). The Times, 4 December.
Solicitors and Articled Clerks on Service (1,150 names). The Times, 12 December.
Midland Railway Men on Service (7,531 Names). This remarkable Roll of Honour, representing 10 per cent of the staff, is presented in a book of 183 pages, arranged alphabetically (1) by stations
- nd (2) by the men's names. The Services joined
are not given, however, except in the list of those who have lost their lives or are missing.
Jews on Service. The Jewish Chronicle gave the ninth list of Jews under arms in its issue of 25 December. The previous lists appeared on 18 and 25 September, 9, 16, and 23 October, -6, 13, and 20 November.
J. M. BULLOCH.
123, Pall Mall, S.W.
OR GONVILLE AND CAIUS COLLEGE'
CAMBRIDGE. (See ante, p. 90.) Your corre- spondent MB. HOLCOMBE INGLEBY remarks that "it is curious that the name of the co-founder of Gonville and Caius College should be pronounced Keys." So far as we know, it has never been pronounced other- wise since the day he entered Gonville Hall. There is plenty of proof of this. The first reference to him in the College accounts is in 1529, when he appears as " Kees " ; on the next occasion he is " Keys," and so on under many variants. In the Register of the adjoining parish church of St. Michael a student is referred to as of " Keys College " during the doctor's life. If a name means as I suppose it ought to mean a sound, and not the alphabetical symbols we adopt to indicate that sound, we may safely say that the name has never varied so far as the English language is concerned.
The only reasonable question, then, seems to be this : Why should this name " Keys " be written " Caius " ? The answer surely is simple. How else could it well be written in days when Latin was the habitual lan- guage of every scholar ? Many clumsy Latin transformations are adopted in early
academic records, but here there was a familiar proper name at hand. The main determining cause for the retention of the old spelling to this day is probably the existence of his College. In the Latin deed of foundation he is, of course, called " Caius," and his College is " Coll. de Gonville et Caius." This has naturally tended to fix the spelling. As otherwise he was little known but to the learned world, there was no occasion for the spelling to vary.
One other point may be noticed, as it refers to a question asked by another correspondent. In all the many contem- porary renderings of the name I have given ten of them in my ' Biographical History ' of the College (iii. 30) it deserves notice that they all end with the letter or the sound s. This seems to show that the name Keys, Kees, &c., is distinct from Kaye, Key, Cay, &c., and disposes of the opinion first offered, I believe, as a sugges- tion by C. H. Cooper, but elsewhere stated as a fact that the Cambridge doctor belonged to one of the Yorkshire families of the name Kaye. That his father sprang from York- shire we know, but that is all.
THE OPERA - HOUSE, HAYMARKET. William Taylor, one of the many remark- able managers of this theatre, is said by Barton Baker ('The London Stage,' 2nd edi- tion, p. 179) to have lived within the King's Bench or its Rules during the greater part of the time he was holding this position. His bank passbook for part of this period, January, 1809-September, 1810, is before me. The account is with Ransom. Morland & Co., and there is usually a credit balance of several thousand pounds. The theatre receipts appear as cash credits ranging from 201. to 400?., with some receipts of special importance. For example %
1809. Feb. 13. Marquis Headfort
14. Countess Spencer ... 18. Lady Asgill
1810. Jan. 12. Marchioness Devonshire
13. Duchess Rutland 252
24. Jacob Whitbread 315
July 28. The Prince of Wales .. 272 17 The debit entries are very numerous ; only a few can be transcribed :
1809. Feb. 6. Figure Dancers . ... 240
April 25. Headfort (retd.)
Not(in)g ditto 1810. April 7. Morning Herald 9. The Times ... 9. The Chronicle 13. The Post .
451 10 036 35 30 35 40