ii s. XL FEB. 20, 1915.] NOTES AND QUERIES.
1754. In Taylor's map of Herefordshire the spot is named " The Wonder."
1839. " On visiting the spot I found the pheno- mena to be similar to many ' e"croulemens ' of Alpine tracts. Dislocated masses of the Upper Ludlow rock, in all amounting to about 20 acres, still attest the extent of the calamity, by exposing gaping fissures between them. Some of the masses have slid so gradually and equably as to preserve the angle of inclination of 12 or 15 which they had before they broke away from the parent mass, and these have trees and grass grow- ing luxuriantly on their summits. Others have been thrown upon their edges into inclined posi- tions. The broken rocks have advanced, how- ever, but a very short distance upon the ground below them, and the slip is therefore quite insignificant, when compared with the ' e"croule- mens ' of the Alps, nor is it by any means so striking as the slip of the Palmer's Cairn near Ludlow." Murchison, ' Siluria,' pp. 434-5.
The above extract is only a portion of the space given to the subject in Murchison's great book. Murchison was the first truly scientific mind which dealt with the phe- nomenon satisfactorily and finally. The Quarterly Review, July", 1879, p. 185, in one of its valuable articles on the counties of England, says that the landslip was known as " The Wonder," and found its true geological explanation in Murchison's ' Siluria.'
1882. In this year William Henry Cooke, M.A., Q.C., published a third volume of Duncumb's ' History of Herefordshire,' and on pp. 33-4 of this volume are given several references from which I have got some clues, &c.
1907. " In 1575 there was a great landslip at Much Marcle Hill, commemorated by Camden in prose and Drayton in verse amongst other writers. In its progress it completely buried a small chapel at Kynaston, of which not a vestige was left visible. But a good many years ago the chapel bell was dug up, and it now hangs in the tower of the stable yard at Homme House. Its tone is particularly rich and mellow." W. D. Macray in Hist. MSS. Comrn., ' Various Collections,' iv. 139.
Homm3 House referred to above is the residence of the Money Kyrle family, the descendants of John Kyrle, " the Man of Ross."
The most recent pronouncement upon the geology of the district is in the " Vic- toria County History," ' Herefordshire,' vol. i. For particulars of seventeenth -century books on earthquakes, see Gray's ' Index to Hazlitt's Collections.' Britton's ' Beauties ' also has a paragraph upon the Marcle "Wonder." Strange to relate, the Wool- hope Club does not appear to have ever had a paper upon the subject. There must be much local lore other than what I have given. A. L. HUMPHREYS.
"LUTHERAN" (11 S. xi. 87). Father John Ambrose McHugh, O.P., S.T.L., writes in ' The Catholic Encyclopedia,' vol. ix* p. 458 :
" The term ' Lutheran ' was first used by hi [Luther's] opponents during the Leipzig Dispu- tation in 1519, and afterwards became universally prevalent."
Was it used by Henry VIII. in his ' Assertio- Septem Sacrameritorum/ published in 15212
One would expect to find it in the writings of Dr. Johann Eck, who died in 1543.
Miss J. M. Stone cites Johannes Cochlseus- ( Johann Dobeneck), who died in 1552, in her ' Reformation and Renaissance, 1377-1610,' at p. 235, as having written in his answer to Luther's pamphlet ' Wider die mor- dischen und reubischen Rotten der Bawren ' t
" Our Lutherans have made many lawa and ordinances against mendicant friars, poor students* and other beggars and pilgrims, and will not suffer such in their towns, or allow them to ask alms by the wayside."
Can any reader supply Cochlseus's actual words and give the name and date of his tractate ?
The ' N.E.D.' doubtless gives the earliest example of the English word '* Lutheran." Unfortunately, at present I have no oppor- tunity of consulting it. It may, however,, not be without general interest to note that Father Robert Persons, S.J., at p. 608 of 'A Treatise of Three Conversions of England,' published in 1603, mentions " Lutherans " thrice ; and that the Rev. Francis Walsing- ham, the second edition of whose ' A Search made into Matters of Religion ' was pub- lished in 1615, also mentions them in part i. chap. i. section xxviii.
JOHN B. WAINEWRIGHT.
[For " Lutheran " as a substantive, the first quotation in the ' N.E.D.' is from Archbishop Warham, 1521 ; and as an adjective from Crom- well, 1530.]
QUEEN HENRIETTA MARIA'S ALMONER, 1633 (11 S. xi. 47, 93). The English trans- lation (of which AITCHO makes mention at the latter reference) of Pere Cyprien de- Gamasche's book was published in London by Henry Colburn in 1848. A French translation, entitled ' UnCapucin a la Cour de Charles I er ,' was published in Paris in 1889. The Latin original was published in Paris iu 1659. JOHN B. WAINEWRIGHT.
CARDINAL IPPOLITO DEI MEDICI (11 S. ix. 87, 137, 375; xi. 116). The entries ia Marino Sanuto's ' Diaries ' are somewhat numerous, but there will be no difficulty in finding them all, as there is a good index